• Title/Summary/Keyword: H9c2 cardiomyoblast cells

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Protective Effects of Dohongsamul-tang on Zinc-mediated Cytotoxicity in H9c2 Cardiomyoblast Cells (산화적 손상에 의해 유발된 심근세포 독성에 대한 도홍사물탕의 방어효과)

  • You Bong Sun;Jung Jae Eun;Park Jin Young;Yun Jong Min;Lee In;Moon Byung Soon
    • Journal of Physiology & Pathology in Korean Medicine
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    • v.18 no.5
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    • pp.1374-1381
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    • 2004
  • The water extract of Dohongsamul-tang(DHSMT)has been traditionally used for treatment of ischemic heart in oriental medicine. However, little is known about the mechanism by which the water extract of DHSMT rescues cells from these damages. Therefore, this study was designed to evaluate the protective effects of DHSMT on zinc-mediated cytotoxicity in H9c2 cardiomyoblast cells. This study demonstrates that treatment of H9c2 cells with zinc caused a decrease in cell viability in a dose dependent manner and a chromatin condensation. Zinc induced the cleavage of poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP). In addition, zinc induced the decrease of Bcl-2, as well as increase of Bak expression and mitochondrial dysfunction. Zinc-induced H9c2 cell death was remarkably prevented by the pretreatment of DHSMT with consistent suppression of the cleavage of poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP), mitochondrial dysfunction and the expression of Bak and Bcl-2. Taken together, the results suggest that zinc induced severe cell death in H9c2 cardiomyoblast cells via intracellular GSH(reduced glutathione) depletion and the protective effects of DHSMT against oxidative injuries may be achieved through modulation of mitochondrial dysfunction and scavenging of ROS(reactive oxygen species).

Protective Effects of Boyanghwanoh-tang on Zinc-mediated Cytotoxicity in H9c2 Cardiomyoblast Cells (산화적 손상에 의해 유발된 심근세포 독성에 대한 보양환오탕(補陽還五湯)의 방어효과)

  • Rhim, Eun-Kyung;Jeong, Hyun-Ae;Shin, Sun-Ho;Lee, Yun-Jae
    • The Journal of Internal Korean Medicine
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    • v.26 no.2
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    • pp.409-419
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    • 2005
  • The water extract of Boyanghwanoh-tang has been used for treatment of ischemic vascular disease in oriental medicine. However, little is known about the mechanism by which the water extract of Boyanghwanoh-tang rescues cells from these damages. Therefore, this study was designed to evaluate the protective effects of Boyanghwanoh-tang on zinc-mediated cytotoxicity in H9c2 cardiomyoblast cells. This study demonstrates that, after treatment of H9c2 cells with zinc, there was a decrease in cell viability in a dose dependent manner, and there was a chromatin condensation. Zinc induced the change of cell morphology. In addition, zinc induced mitochondrial dysfunction. Zinc-induced H9c2 cell death was remarkably prevented by the pretreatment of Boyanghwanoh-tang consistently with increase of the peroxoredoxin 1, 2, 3, 5, and 6 expression. Taken together, the results suggest that zinc induced severe cell death in H9c2 cardiomyoblast cells, and that protective effects of Boyanghwanoh-tang against oxidative injuries are achieved through regulation of peroxiredoin expression.

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Protective Effects of Palmul-tang on Hypoxia-induced Apoptosis in H9c2 Cardiomyoblast Cells (팔물탕이 저산소증에 의한 배양심근세포고사에 미치는 영향)

  • 임은경;신선호
    • The Journal of Korean Medicine
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    • v.25 no.2
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    • pp.67-76
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    • 2004
  • Objectives : This study was designed to investigate the protective mechanisms of Palmul-tang on hypoxia-induced cytotoxicity in H9c2 cardiomyoblast cells. Methods : In this study, we used H9c2 cells. Cells were subjected to hypoxia in the absence and presence of $1000\mu\textrm{g}/ml$ Palmul-tang for 24 hrs. Cells were treated with various concentrations of Palmul-tang for 24 hrs. Cell viability was measured by MTT assay. Hypoxia markedly decreased the viability of H9c2 cells, which was characterized with apparent apoptotic features such as chromatin condensation as well as fragmentation of genomic DNA and nuclei. Results : Palmul-tang significantly reduced hypoxia-induced cell death and apoptotic characteristics. Also, Palmul-tang prevented mitochondrial dysfunction including the disruption of mitochondrial membrane permeability transition (MPT) and an increase in expression of apoptogenic Bcl-2 proteins in hypoxia-H9c2 cells. Conclusions; This study suggests that the protective effects of Palmul-tang against hypoxic damages may be mediated by the modulation of Bcl-2, Bax expression.

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Protective Effects of Omija-tang on $H_2O_2$-induced apoptotic death of H9c2 cardiomyoblast cells (오미자탕(五味子湯)이 심근세포에 미치는 영향)

  • Han, Myoung-Ah;Choi, Woo-Jung;Kim, Dong-Woung;Jung, Dae-Young;Shin, Sun-Ho;Choi, Jin-Young
    • The Journal of Internal Korean Medicine
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    • v.23 no.2
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    • pp.181-190
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    • 2002
  • The water extract of Omija-tang(OMJT) has been traditionally used for treatment of ischemic heart and brain damage in oriental medicine. However, little is known about the mechanism by which the water extract of OMJT protects cells from such damage. Therefore, this study was conducted to investigate the protective mechanisms of OMJT on $H_2O_2$-induced toxicity in H9c2 cardiomyoblast cells. Treatment of $H_2O_2$ markedly induced death of H9c2 cardiomyoblast cells in a dose-dependent manner. The characteristics of $H_2O_2$-induced death of H9c2 showed apparent apoptotic features, such as DNA fragmentation. However, OMJT significantly reduced both $H_2O_2$-induced cell death and chromatin fragmentation. The decrease of Bcl-XL expression by $H_2O_2$ was inhibited by OMJT. In addition, the increase of Bcl-XS and Bax expression were also inhibited by OMJT. In particular, Fas expression, which is generally recognized as cell death inducing signal by Fas/FasL interaction, was markedly increased by $H_2O_2$ in a time-dependent manner, whereas this increase was completely prevented by OMJT. The combined treatment of OMJT and $H_2O_2$ in H9c2 cells also reduced activation of caspase-9 and caspase-3 like protease. Taken together, this study indicates that the protective effects of the water extract of OMJT against oxidative damage may be mediated by the modulation of BcI-XL/S and Bax expression by way of the regulation of mitochondrial membrane potential and caspase cascades.

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Protective Effects of Samul-tang on Oxidative Stress induced Death of H9c2 Cardioblast Cells (배양심근세포의 산화적 손상에 대한 사물탕의 방어효과)

  • Cho Kwon-Il;Jung Seung-Won;Jang Jae-Ho;Lee Dae-Yong;Park Sae-Wook;Lee In;Sin Sun-Ho;Moon Byung-Soon
    • The Journal of Korean Medicine
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    • v.26 no.1 s.61
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    • pp.174-186
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    • 2005
  • Objectives : The water extract of Samul-tang (SMT) has traditionally been used for treatment of ischemic heart and brain damage in oriental medicine. However, little is known about the mechanism by which the water extract of SMT rescues cells from these damages. Methods: This study was designed to investigate the protective mechanisms of SMT on oxidative stress-induced toxicity in H9c2 cardiomyoblast cells. Treatment with $H_2O_2$ markedly induced death of H9c2 cardiomyoblast cells in a dose-dependent manner. Results: The characteristics of H20z-induced death of H9c2 showed apparent apoptotic features such as DNA fragmentation and morphological change. However, SMT significantly reduced both H202-induced cell death and morphological change. The decrease of Bc-2 expression by High were inhibited by SMT. In addition, the increase of Bax expression was also inhibited by SMT. The cotreatment of SMT and $H_2O_2$ in H9c2 cells also induced the phosphorylation of ERK in a time-dependent manner. Moreover, PD98059, a specific inhibitor of ERK1/2 attenuated the protective effects of SMT on $H_2O_2-induced$ toxicity in H9c2 cardiomyoblast cells. These results suggest that both ERK1/2 signaling pathways play important roles in the protective effects of SMT on $H_2O_2-induced$ apoptotic death of H9c2 cells. Also, the expression profile of proteins in $H_2O_2$ cardiomyoblast cells were screened by using two-dimensional (2-D) gel electrophoresis. Among 300 spots resolved in 2-D gels, the comparison of control versus apoptosis cells revealed that signal intensity of 17 spots increased and 11 spots decreased. Conclusions: Taken together, this study suggests that the protectiw effects of the water extract of SMT against oxidative damages may be mediated by the modulation of Bc1-2 and Bax expression via the regulation of the ERK signaling pathway.

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Protective Effects of Hwangryunhaedog-tang on Hypoxia-induced Apoptosis in H9c2 Cardiomyoblast Cells (황연해독탕이 저산소증에 의한 배양심근세포고사에 미치는 영향)

  • Jeong Jae Eun;Yu Bong Seon;Park Jin Yeong;Jeon In Cheol;Park Sang Beom;Lee Dae Yong;Lee Min Goo;Lee In;Moon Byun Soon
    • Journal of Physiology & Pathology in Korean Medicine
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    • v.18 no.6
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    • pp.1733-1739
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    • 2004
  • The water extract of Hwangryunhaedog-tang(HRHDT} has been traditionally used for treatment of ischemic heart and brain damage in oriental medicine. However, little is known about the mechanism by which the water extract of HRHDT rescues cells from these damages. This study was designed to investigate the protective mechanisms of HRHDT on hypoxia-induced cytotoxicity in H9c2 cardiomyoblast cells. Hypoxia, markedly decreased the viability of H9c2 cells, which was characterized with apparent apoptptic features such as chromatin condensation as well as fragmentation of genomic DNA and nuclei. However, HRHDT significantly reduced hypoxia-induced cell death and apoptotic characteristics. Also, HRHDT prevented the mitochondrial dysfunction including the disruption of mitochondria membrane permeability transition (MPT) and an increase in expression of anti-apoptotic Bcl-2 proteins in hypoxia-H9c2 cells. Taken together, this study suggests that the protective effects of the water extract of HRHDT against hypoxic damages may be mediated by the modulation of Bcl-2 and Bak expression.

Effects & Mechanism of Omija-tang on Oxidative Stress-Induced Death of H9c2 Cardiomyoblast Cell (심근세포의 산화적 손상에 대한 오미자탕의 효과 및 작용기전 연구)

  • 황보연;양경석;이상관;이기상;문병순;신선호
    • The Journal of Korean Medicine
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    • v.23 no.4
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    • pp.140-150
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    • 2002
  • Objectives: The water extract of Omija-tang (OMIT) has traditionally been used for treatment of ischemic heart and brain damage in oriental medicine. However, little is known about the mechanism by which the water extract of OMJT rescues cells from these damages. Therefore, this study was designed to investigate the protective mechanisms of OMJT on oxidative stress-induced toxicity in H9c2 cardiomyoblast cells. Methods: Treatments of $H_2O_2$, or $ZnC_{12}$ markedly induced death of H9c2 cardiomyoblast cells in a dose-dependent manner. The characteristics of oxidative stress-induced death of H9c2 showed apparent apoptotic features such as DNA fragmentation. OMJT significantly reduced both ${H_2O_2}-induced$ cell death and chromatin fragmentation. The decrease of B치-XL expression by $H_2O_2$ were inhibited by OMJT. In addition, the increase of Bcl-XS expression was also inhibited by OMJT. In particular, Fas expression, which is generally recognized as cell death-inducing signal by Fas/FasL interaction, was markedly increased by H2O2 in a time-dependent manner. Also, the expression profile of proteins in Chang cells were screened by using two-dimensional (2-D) gel electrophoresis. Among 300 spots resolved in 2-D gels; the comparison of control versus apoptotis cells revealed that signal intensity of 6 spots decreased and 11 spots increased. Results and Conclusions: Taken together, this study suggests that the protective effects of the water extract of OMJT against oxidative damages may be mediated by the modulation of Bcl-XL/S Fas expression.

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Protective Effects of Samul-tang on ${H_2O_2}-induced$ Cell Apoptosis in Cultured Cardiomyoblast Cells ($H_2O_2$에 의한 배양심근세포고사에 미치는 사물탕의 방어효과)

  • 박종운;한상혁;김도환;문병순
    • The Journal of Korean Medicine
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    • v.22 no.4
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    • pp.58-68
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    • 2001
  • Objectives : This study was designed to investigate the protective mechanisms of Samul-tang (SMT) on $H_2O_2$-induced toxicity in H9c2 cardiomyoblast cells. Methods : The cultured cells were pretreated with SMT and exposed to $H_2O_2$. The cell damage was assessed by using MTT assay. Also, we used Hoechst staining, Western blotting analysis. Results : SMT significantly reduced both $H_2O_2$-induced cell death and chromatin fragmentation. The decrease of Bcl2 expression by $H_2O_2$ was inhibited by SMT. In addition, the increase of Bax expression was also inhibited by SMT. In particular, Fas expression, which is generally recognized as cell death inducing signal by Fas/FasL interaction, was markedly decreased by $H_2O_2$ in a time-dependent manner, whereas this decrease was completely prevented by SMT. The cotreatment of SMT and $H_2O_2$ in H9c2 cells also induced the phosphorylation of ERK in a time-dependent manner. Moreover, PD098059, a specific inhibitor of ERKl/2, attenuated the protective effect of SMT on $H_2O_2$-induced toxicity in H9c2 cardiomyoblast cells. Furthermore, the protective effect of SMT was significantly blocked by treatment of SB203580, a specific inhibitor of p38. Conclusions : Taken together, this study suggests that the protective effects of the water extract of SMT against oxidative damages may be mediated by the modulation of Bel2 and Bax expression via the regulation of ERK and p38 signaling pathway.

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Protective Effects of Gyungokgo on Oxidative Stress-Induced Apoptosis of H9c2 Cardiomyoblast Cells (산화적 손상으로 유발된 심근세포 고사에 대한 경옥고의 방어효과)

  • Shin Sun-Ho;Yang Kyung-Suk
    • The Journal of Korean Medicine
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    • v.25 no.3
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    • pp.149-159
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    • 2004
  • Backgrounds & Objectives : The water extract of Gyungokgo (GOG) has traditionally been used for treatment of general weakness and hemoptysis in oriental medicine. However, little is known about the mechanism by which the water extract of GOG rescues cells from these damages. This study was designed to investigate the protective mechanisms of GOG on H2O2­induced cell death in H9c2 cardiomyoblasts. Methods : In this study, we used H9c2 cells. Cells were treated with oxidative stress in the absence and presence of 1000㎍/ml GOG for 12hrs. Cells were treated with various concentrations of GOG for 12hrs. Cell viability was measured by MTT assay. Oxidative stress, which markedly decreased the viability of H9c2 cells, was characterized by apparent apoptotic features such as chromatin condensation as well as fragmentation of genomic DNA and nuclei. Results : GOG significantly reduced H₂O₂-induced cell death and apoptotic characteristics. The cotreatment of GOG and H₂O₂ in H9c2 cells also induced the phosphorylation of ERKs in a time-dependent manner. Moreover, PD098059, a MEK1 (upstream activator of ERK) inhibitor attenuated the protective effect of GOG on H₂O₂-induced cytotoxicity in H9c2 cardiomyoblast cells. Conclusions : These results suggest that MEK/ERK pathways play important roles in the protective effects of GOG in H9c2 cells. Taken together, they suggest that the protective effects of the water extracts of GOG against oxidative damages may be mediated by the regulation of HO-1, Fas/FasL and Bcl-XS proteins.

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Expression of caveolin-3 as positive intracellular signaling regulator on the development of hypertrophy in cardiac tissues

  • Kim, Joo-Heon;Han, Jin;Kim, Yong-Kwon;Yang, Young-Ae;Hong, Yonggeun
    • Korean Journal of Veterinary Research
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    • v.45 no.4
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    • pp.537-544
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    • 2005
  • We have examined distribution and expression of caveolin-3 (cav-3), one of three caveolin isoforms from 16-wks-old spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) compared with age-matched control wistar-kyoto (WKY) rats. The expression of cav-3 was increased, whereas expression of PKB/Akt and calcineurin (Cn) was not changed in cardiac tissues of SHR compared to WKY rats. Interestingly, expression of cav-3, PKB/Akt and Cn were decreased in plasma membrane fraction in SHR compared to WKY rats. In H9c2 cardiomyoblast cells treated with phenylephrine ($50{\mu}M$, 48hr) or isoproterenol ($10{\mu}M$, 48hr), the expression of cav-3 was markedly enhanced compared to nontreated cells. Upon immunofluorescence analysis, cav-3 was localized in plasma membrane of control H9c2 cells. However phenylephrine or isoproterenol treatment caused translocation of cav-3 to perinuclear region. These results suggest that cav-3 plays as positive regulators in the development of hypertrophy in cardiac tissues of SHR rats.