• Title/Summary/Keyword: Collagen Synthesis

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The Dffects of Retinoids on CRABPII cRNA Induction amd Collagen Synthesis on Human Dermal Fibroblast

  • jae-Sung Hwang;iyo
    • Journal of the Society of Cosmetic Scientists of Korea
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    • v.23 no.3
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    • pp.9-23
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    • 1997
  • Retinoids are essential regulators of spithelial cell growth and celluar differentiation. They are also known to be effective in photoaging. It was reported that topical application of retinoic acid improves facial wrinkle carsed by collagen synthesis reduction in photodamaged skin. Collagen synthesis by retinoic acid may contribute to the wrinkle effacement. Since celluar retinoic acid binding protein II is slsctively induced in human skin and dermal fibroblasts in vitro by retinoic acid, this response can be used to mesure retinoids potency and activity. In order to know the activity of retinoids and their relations with collagen synthesis, we treated dermal fibroblasts with retinoids for 48 hours at 10-6-10-7M and measured CRABPII mRNA level by quantitative Nortern blotting. We also measured the rate of collagen systhesis by retinoids using 3-dimensional dermal equivalent. CRABPII mRNA level was increased 3-fold by retinoic acid, 2.1-fold by retinol and 1.4-fold by retinaldehyde. Collagen systhesis was increased 34% by all-trans retinioc acid, 26% by retinol, 17% by retinaldehyde and 7% by retinyl palmitate. From the above results, retinoids were found to be a potent indecers of CRABPII mRNA and collagen synthesis. Though retinoic acid was the most effective, its use has been restricted because of the side effects. Instead, retinol can be a best candidate in cosmetics for the treatment of photodamaged skin in terms of efficacy and safety.

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Variable Effect of Estrogen on Fibroblast Proliferation and Collagen Synthesis by Gender and Age (에스트로겐이 진피섬유아세포의 증식 및 교원질합성에 미치는 영향의 다양성)

  • Shin, Seung Han;Won, Chang Hoon;Han, Seung Kyu;Kim, Woo Kyung
    • Archives of Plastic Surgery
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    • v.32 no.3
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    • pp.363-368
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    • 2005
  • It was assumed that the effect of estrogen on wound healing would be variable according to patient's gender and age since estrogen is a sex steroid. This study was designed to determine the variability of the effect of estrogen on proliferation of human dermal fibroblasts and collagen synthesis which are most important in wound healing considering patient's gender and age. Fibroblasts were isolated from the dermis of female patients in premenstrual, menstrual, or postmenopausal age group and that of male patients. The isolated fibroblasts were cultivated in the presence of estrogen($1.0{\mu}g/ml$). The cells were seeded at $5.0{\times}10^3cell/well$ in Dulbecco's Modified Eagle's Medium/Ham's F-12 nutrient including 5% fetal bovine serum in 96-well plates. The cells were incubated for 3 days. For fibroblast proliferation MTT assay method was used. To measure the production of collagen, the collagen type I carboxy- terminal propeptide enzyme immunoassay was carried out. Estrogen stimulated the proliferation of fibroblasts in female patients, but not in male patients. The greatest cell proliferation and collagen synthesis was seen at women in menstrual and postmenopausal age. These results demonstrated that effects of estrogen on dermal fibroblast proliferation and collagen synthesis were variable with gender and age.

Experimental study about the effect of several herbs on collagen synthesis (수종(數種) 한약재의 콜라겐 생합성 효과에 대한 실험적 연구)

  • Yoon, Ji-Eun;Kim, Nam-Kwen;Hwang, Chung-Yeon;Jo, Eun-Hee;Park, Min-Cheol
    • The Journal of Korean Medicine Ophthalmology and Otolaryngology and Dermatology
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    • v.23 no.3
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    • pp.33-41
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    • 2010
  • Background & Objective : This study was performed to find a new anti-aging, anti-wrinkle agent. Ten kinds of hers were evaluated by proliferation, cytotoxicity, collagen synthesis tests in cultured human dermal fibroblast. Methods : MTT assay was carried out to check cell proliferation, cytotoxic effect of each herbal medicine. Collagen synthesis was investigated by the amount of propeptide using procollagen type-Ⅰ C peptide(PIP) ELISA kit(Takara). Results and Conclusions : There are no cytotoxicity in all group herbs by MTT assay. Collagen synthetic ability was greatest in LYCII FRUCTUS(LF) and was excellent in order of Rehmanniae Radix Preparat(RRP) > Nelumbinis Semen(NS) > Asparai Radix(AR) > Schizandrae Frucus(SF).

Zinc may increase bone formation through stimulating cell proliferation, alkaline phosphatase activity and collagen synthesis in osteoblastic MC3T3-E1 cells

  • Seo, Hyun-Ju;Cho, Young-Eun;Kim, Tae-Wan;Shin, Hong-In;Kwun, In-Sook
    • Nutrition Research and Practice
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    • v.4 no.5
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    • pp.356-361
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    • 2010
  • Zinc is an essential trace element required for bone formation, however not much has been clarified yet for its role in osteoblast. We hypothesized that zinc would increase osteogenetic function in osteoblasts. To test this, we investigated whether zinc treatment enhances bone formation by stimulating osteoblast proliferation, bone marker protein alkaline phosphatase activity and collagen synthesis in osteoblastic MC3T3-E1 cells. MC3T3-E1 cells were cultured and treated with various concentrations of zinc (0, 1, 3, 15, 25 uM) along with a normal osteogenic medium (OSM) as control for 1, 5, 10 days. As measured by MTT assay for mitochondrial metabolic activity, cell proliferation was stimulated even at low zinc treatment (1-3 ${\mu}M$) compared to OSM, and it was stimulated in a zinc concentration-dependent manner during 5 and 10 days, with the most pronounced effect at 15 and 25 uM Zn. Cellular (synthesized) alkaline phosphatase (ALP) activity was increased in a zinc concentration-dependent manner, so did medium (secreted) ALP activity. Cellular collagen concentration was increased by zinc as time went by, therefore with the maximum zinc stimulatory effect in 10 days, and medium collagen concentration showed the same pattern even on 1 and 5 day. This zinc stimulatory effect of collagen synthesis was observed in cell matrix collagen staining. The study results imply that zinc can increase osteogenic effect by stimulating cell proliferation, ALP activity and collagen synthesis in osteoblastic cells.

Inhibition of MMP-1 Expression and Collagen Synthesis Activity of Ultrasonication Processed Ginseng Flower Buds Extract (초음파 처리 인삼화뢰 추출물의 콜라겐 합성작용 및 MMP-1 발현저해)

  • Kim, Shin Jung;Nam, Yun Min;Kim, Yong Min;Ko, Sung Kwon
    • Korean Journal of Pharmacognosy
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    • v.46 no.2
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    • pp.154-159
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    • 2015
  • This study was to evaluate the effect of isopropyl alcohol fraction of ultrasonication processed ginseng flower buds(GFB-IF) on the collagen synthesis activity and inhibition of MMP-1 suppression in UV-irradiated human dermal fibroblasts. The higher contents of ginsenoside Rg2(8.234%), Rh1(5.749%), F4(3.881%) in isopropyl alcohol fraction of ginseng flower buds obtained by ultrasonication process at 600W(100℃) for 16 hours. GFB-IF had collagen synthesis effect. GFB-IF induced a significant dose-dependent decrease in the expression for MMP-1 protein. These results suggest that GFB-IF is a potential candidate for the prevention and treatment of wrinkle improving.

EFFECT OF PROLYL 4-HYDROXYLASE INHIBITOR HOE 077 AND ITS DERIVATIVES ON THE COLLAGEN SYNTHESIS IN HSC-T6 CELLS

  • Joo, Yang-Hee;Jung, Seung-Hyun;Kim, Hyun-Jung;Lee, Eung-Seok;Yi, Jung-Bum;Lee, Namkyu;Cho, Yong-Baik;Kwak, Wie-Jong;Dong, Mi-Sook
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Toxicology Conference
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    • 2002.11b
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    • pp.161-161
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    • 2002
  • The abnormal accumulation of collagen is progressive and often results in impairment of liver function, i.e. liver cirrhosis. Collagen synthesis requires several posttranslational events. Prolyl 4-hydroxylase is the key enzyme in collagen synthesis that catalyzes the hydroxylation of peptide-bound proline residues to 4-hydroxyroline.(omitted)

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Safety Evaluation and Anti-wrinkle Effects of Retinoids on Skin

  • Kim, Bae-Hwan
    • Toxicological Research
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    • v.26 no.1
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    • pp.61-66
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    • 2010
  • Retinoids have many beneficial effects on dermatological applications. But, retinoids cause skin irritation. In this study, the safety of retinoids was clarified via both primary skin irritation test in rabbits and sensitization study using an integrated model for the differentiation of chemical-induced allergic and irritant skin reaction (IMDS), an alternative method to sensitization test. The effects of retinoids on the change of ultraviolet A (UVA)-induced matrix metalloproteinase-1 (MMP-1) in human skin fibroblasts and the modulation of type-1 pN collagen synthesis in hairless mice were examined to clarify the anti-wrinkle effects. Alltrans retinol (t-ROL) and its derivative, all-trans retinoic acid (t-RA), showed mild skin irritation but did not induce the sensitization. t-ROL and t-RA exerted anti-wrinkle effects by inhibiting the UVA-induced MMP-1 in human skin fibroblasts and increasing the type-1 pN collagen synthesis in hairless mice. These findings suggest that retinoids do not induce the allergy, and show anti-wrinkle effects by decreasing MMP-1 activation and increasing collagen synthesis.

Intragastrically Applicated CCl4-Thiopental Sodium Enhanced Lipid Peroxidation and Liver Fibrosis (Cirrhosis) in Rat: Malonedialdehyde as a Parameter of Lipid Peroxidation Correlated with Hydroxyproline as a Parameter of Collagen Synthesis (Deposition)

  • Kim, Ki-Young;Cho, Syung-Eun;Yu, Byung-Soo
    • Toxicological Research
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    • v.25 no.2
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    • pp.71-78
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    • 2009
  • We investigated the pathogenesis of liver tissue damage during the lipid peroxidation and fibrogenesis with the observation of correlations between the parameters of collagen synthesis (and deposition) and lipid peroxidation in liver fibrosis (cirrhosis) rats. Rats were randomly divided into two groups, normal and $CCl_4$-thiopental sod. intoxicated group. And the one group was treated intragastrically with the mixture of $CCl_4$-thiopental sod. 3 times per week for 3 weeks. The liver tissue and sera were used for the measurement of hydroxyproline (HYP), malonedialdehyde (MDA) and superoxide dismutase (SOD). Biochemical parameters such as aspartate transaminase (AST), alanine transaminase (ALT), alkaline phosphatase (ALP), total-bilirubin and blood urea nitrogen (BUN) were measured. Additionally, the expression of collagen ${\alpha}1$(III) and $\beta$-actin mRNA was observed by RTPCR. The histological change in liver tissue was also observed by Masson's trichrome and H&E staining. Correlation analysis was carried by Spearman's rho method. All biochemical parameters except total-bilirubin were significantly higher in the $CCl_4$-thiopental sod. treated group than that of the normal group (p < 0.01). In the $CCl_4$-thiopental sod. treated group, Hyp as a parameter of collagen synthesis (deposition) and MDA as a metabolite of lipid peroxidation, were significantly elevated by 1.98 and 2.11 times higher than that of the normal group (p < 0.001) respectively. The activity of SOD in the $CCl_4$-thiopental sod. treated group is decreased significantly by 44.8% (p < 0.001). And collagen ${\alpha}1$(III) mRNA was more expressed in the $CCl_4$-thiopental sod. treated group than that of the normal group. However, the expression of $\beta$-actin mRNA is showed similar in both of groups. A good correlation was observed between the content of hyp and MDA concentration (r = 0.70, n = 40) in the two groups. And the correlation between the levels of hyp and SOD (r = -0.71, n = 25) is also reliable. However, no correlation were observed between MDA concentration and SOD (r = -0.40, n = 25) in the two groups. Elevated levels of MDA in $CCl_4$-thiopental sod. treated rats indicated enhancement of lipid peroxidation, which is accompanied by a decrease in SOD activity. Moreover, we could confirm that the parameters of collagen synthesis (and deposition) is in good correlation with the metabolite of lipid peroxidation (MDA) and the lipid peroxidation antagonizing enzyme (SOD). Hence, we propose that (1) lipid peroxidation and collagen synthesis (and deposition) could be enhanced by intragastrically application of $CCl_4$-thiopental sod. during a short terms. And (2) the intoxication of $CCl_4$-thiopental sod. could be used for monitoring of lipid peroxidation and collagen synthesis (and deposition) for test of antioxidant and antifibrotic agent.

The Effects of Nifedipine on Cellular Activity of Human Gingival Fibroblast (Nifedipine이 건강 치은 조직의 치은 섬유모세포에 미치는 영향)

  • Shin, Hyung-Shik;Han, Hee-Ran;Kim, Myung-Eun
    • Journal of Periodontal and Implant Science
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    • v.26 no.3
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    • pp.669-679
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    • 1996
  • Gingival overgrowth is a well known side effect of several drugs, including nifedipine, phenytoin, cyclosporin, dilitiazem, verapamil. A number of studies have been performed to investigate the mechanism by which nifedipine(a calcium channel blocking agent) affects the gingival tissue. The aim of the present work was to investigate the effect of nifedipine on healthy gingival fibroblasts with special emphasis on determining the changes in cellular proliferation and protein and collagen synthesis. Gingival fibroblasts were obtained from the explants of healthy gingiva of extracted 3rd molars or premolar teeth extracted from the patients for orthodontic treatment. To evaluate the effect of nifedipine on cell proliferation, the cells were seeded at a cell density of $1{\times}10^4$cells/well in 24-well culture plates and treated with 100 and 200ng/ml of nifedipine for 10days. After trypsinization, the cells were counted with a haemocytometer on 1st, 3rd, 5th, 7th and 10th days. Then, MTT assay was carried out. For total protein and percent collagen synthesis, $3{\mu}Ci/ml$ $^3H-proline$ was added to each well for the final 4 hours of the incubation period. The results indicate that nifedipine does not influence cell proliferation in healthy gingival fibroblast in vitro and has a specific effect in reducing total protein and percent collagen synthesis. On the above the findings, exogenous nifedipine does not influence on healthy human gingival fibroblast proliferation and protein and collagen synthesis.

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THE EFFECT OF NATURAL EXTRACTS ON CELL GROWTH AND CYTOKINE PRODUCTION (생약 추출물이 세포성장 및 cytokine 생산에 미치는 영향)

  • Ryu, In-Cheol;Son, Seong-Heui;Chung, Chong-Pyoung;Bae, Ki-Hwan
    • Journal of Periodontal and Implant Science
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    • v.23 no.1
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    • pp.37-47
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    • 1993
  • The native connective tissue attachment of the periodontium is known to be a complex consisting of gingival fibroblasts, periodontal ligament cells, gingival epithelial cells, cementum, alveolar bone and extensive extracellular matrix (collagen, glycoprotein and proteoglycans). The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of natural extracts on DNA, collagen and protein synthesis and inhibition of cytokine production in the gingival and periodontal ligament fibroblasts and gingival epithelial cells. Healthy gingival tissue was obtained from orthodontic treatment patients, and gingival epithelial cells, gingival fibroblasts and periodontal ligament cells were isolated and cultured from the samples. After treated with Ginseng protein, Pluronic F-68, Scutellariae Radix, centella asiatica, PDGF, IGF, DNA synthesis, total protein and collagen synthesis, and cytokine production of gingival epithelial cell, gingival fibroblast and periodontal ligamentcells were measured. MTT method for DNA synthesis, Peterkofsky and Dingerman method for total protein and collagen synthesis, and IL-1 ELISA kit for cytokine production were used. The proliferation of epithelial cells was enhanced in Centella asiatica, Ginseng protein, Pluronic F-68 and Scutellariae Radix. The activities of PDL cells were increased in PDGF, IGF, and Pluronic F-68. Higher collagen synthesis was observed in Scutellariae Radix and total protein synthesis was increased in Scutellariae Radix and PDGF. The inhibitory effects on IL-1, IL-6, $TNF-{\alpha}$ were observed in all exrracts.

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