• Title/Summary/Keyword: 추출

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Optimization of Extraction of Effective Components from Vitis coignetiae, the Crimson Glory Vine (산머루 유용성분 추출공정의 최적화)

  • Jo, In-Hee;Kim, Chang-Youn;Lee, Tae-Wook;Lee, Geun-Ho;Choi, Yong-Hee
    • Korean Journal of Food Preservation
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    • v.17 no.5
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    • pp.659-666
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    • 2010
  • A central composite design was used to investigate the effects of the three independent variables of extraction temperature ($X_1$), ethanol concentration ($X_2$), and extraction time ($X_3$), on dependent variables including yield ($Y_1$), total phenol levels ($Y_2$), electron-donating ability ($Y_3$), brownness ($Y_4$), and reducing sugar content ($Y_5$) of Vitis Coignetiae. Yield was affected by extraction temperature and time. The maximum yield was obtained at $91.62^{\circ}C(X_1)$, and, 25.37% (w/v) ethanol ($X_2$), after 317.70 min of extraction ($X_3$), evident as a saddle when displayed graphically. Total phenol levels were essentially unaffected by extraction temperature or ethanol concentration, but were highly influenced by extraction time. The maximum total phenol levels was 4,763.46 GAE mg/100 g obtained at $88.20^{\circ}C(X_1)$, and 47.79% (w/v) ethanol ($X_2$), after 349.32 min ($X_3$) of extraction. Electron-donating ability (EDA) was affected by extraction temperature and time. Maximum EDA was 55.90% at $86.72^{\circ}C(X_1)$, 50.61% (w/v) ethanol ($X_2$), and 265.96 min ($X_3$) of extration time, again shown by a graphical saddle. Brownness was affected by extraction time. The maximum extent of brown coloration was obtained at $82.66^{\circ}C(X_1)$, 99.27% (w/v) ethanol ($X_2$), and 252.63 min of extraction time ($X_3$), once again shown by graphical saddle. The maximum reducing sugar content was obtained at $96.24^{\circ}C(X_1)$, 22.59% (w/v) ethanol ($X_2$), and 216.06 min extraction time($X_3$).

생약재의 식품부패 세균에 대한 항균활성

  • 도정룡;김기주;이명기;김병삼;임상동;조진호;김영명;김용수
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Postharvest Science and Technology of Agricultural Products Conference
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    • 2003.10a
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    • pp.200.1-200
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    • 2003
  • 본 연구에서는 식품의 부패에 관여하는 미생물인 Escherichia coli, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Bacillus subtilis, Staphylococcus aureu, Salmonella typhimurium Lactobacillus plantarum에 항균 활성을 나타내는 생약제의 효능을 살펴보았다. 금산 약초시장에서 구입한 생약재로부터 물 추출물과 70%에탄을 추출물을 제조하여 6종의 세균에 대해 항균활성을 탐색한 결과, 생약재 물 추출물의 경우에 가자 추출물은 E. coli, P. aeruginosa B. subtilis, S. aureus, S. typhimurium, L. plantarum의 6가지 균종에 대해서 모두 높은 항균활성을 나타내었으며, 복분자와 지유의 물추출물에서는 L. plantarum의 균종을 제외한 5가지 균종에 대해 높은 항균 활성을 나타내었다. 또한 소목 과 황련의 추출물에서는 E. coli를 제외한 5가지 균종에서 항균활성을 나타내었으며, 정향 추출물에서는 E. coli균주에 대해서는 약한 항균활성을 나타내었으나, B. subtilis, P. aeruginosa, S. aureus, S. typhimurium의 4종의 균주에 대해서는 우수한 항균활성을 나타내었다. 이 외에 감초 추출물은 P. aeruginosa, 석곡 추출물은 S. aureus, S. typhimurium, 계피 추출물은 S. typhimurium, 산수유 추출물은 B. subtilis, S. aureus, 파고지는 S. aureus균종에 대해서 항균활성을 나타내었다. 70% ethanol 추출물은 대부분의 생약재에서 높은 항균 활성을 나타내었다. 특히 가자, 감초, 강황, 복분자, 석곡, 소목, 오미자, 작약 ,정향, 지유, 파고지, 호장근, 황련 의 13가지 생약재 추출물에서 높은 항균활성을 나타내었다. 가자의 70% ethanol추출물의 경우는 물 추출물의 결과에서 같이 6가지 균종에 대해 모두 높은 항균활성을 나타냈으며, 복분자, 작약, 정향, 지유의 70% ethanol 추출물은 L. plantarum균을 제외한 5가지 균종에 대해 높은 항균 활성을 나타내었다. 소목의 70% ethanol 추출물의 경우에는 E. coli 균을 제외한 5가지 균종에서 높은 항균 활성을 보였으며, 이외에 생약재는 강황, 석곡, 황련, 호장근의 70% ethanol 추출물은 4가지의 균주에 대해서 항균 활성을 나타내었다. 또한 파고지, 오미자의 70% ethanol 추출물은 3가지 균주에 대해서 항균활성을 나타냈으며, 천궁, 육두구, 오수유, 갈근, 계피, 가시오가피의 70% ethanol 추출물은 2가지 균주에 대해 항균 활성을 나타내었다. 항균활성이 우수한 생약재를 농도별로 활성을 조사한 결과, 물 추출물과 10% Ethanol 추출물 모두 낮은 농도에서도 우수한 항균활성을 나타내었다.

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Optimization of Extraction Condition and Stability of Olive Leaf Extract (올리브 잎의 적정 추출조건 및 추출물의 안정성 조사)

  • Lee, Ok-Hwan;Lee, Hee-Bong;Lee, Jun-Soo;Lee, Boo-Yong
    • Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology
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    • v.37 no.2
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    • pp.178-182
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    • 2005
  • Basic optimal extraction condition and stability data were determined for prediction of usefulness of olive leaf as functional food material. Solid contents of olive leaf extracts increased with increasing extraction temperature and ethanol content, and was the highest (38%) under $85^{\circ}C$, 80% ethanol, and 5 hr treatment conditions, Total phenol contents and electron-donating abilities of olive leaf extracts also increased with Increasing ethanol content, and were the highest under $25^{\circ}C$, 80% ethanol, and 1 hr treatment conditions, then slightly decreased during storage at $25,\;55,\;and\;85^{\circ}C$. Olive leaf extract showed high stability under acidic storage condition, while low under alkalic condition.

Ethanol Modified Supercritical$CO_2$ Extraction of Daidzein from Soybean (에탄올 보조용매 초임계$CO_2$를 이용한 대두 Daidzein 추출)

  • 부성준;변상요
    • KSBB Journal
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    • v.16 no.1
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    • pp.95-98
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    • 2001
  • Various factors affecting the supercritical carbon dioxide extraction of daidzein from soybean were studied. Daidzein was not extracted with pure supercritical carbon dioxide. The ethanol was an efficient modifier for supercritical carbon dioxide to extract daidzein. The extraction efficiency increased as the pressure increased up to 300 bar. At $35^{\circ}C$ and 300 bar, 93% of daidzein was extracted with supercritical carbon dioxide modified with 15% of ethanol.

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Establishment of the Extraction Process by Evaluation of Proanthocyanidin Contents and Antioxidative Activities of Pine (Pinus densiflora) Needle Extracts. (적송잎 추출물의 proanthocyanidin 함량 분석 및 항산화 활성 검증을 통한 추출공정 확립)

  • Lee, Ok-Hee;Kim, Ki-Young;Jang, Min-Kyung;Yu, Ki-Hwan;Yoo, Byung-Hong;Kim, Sung-Gu;Kim, Mi-Hyang;Lee, Sang-Hyeon
    • Journal of Life Science
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    • v.18 no.7
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    • pp.992-998
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    • 2008
  • We evaluated proanthocyanidin contents out of total polyphenolic compounds in two pine needle extracts prepared by combined extraction methods and compared their antioxidative activities. Amounts of total polyphenolic compounds of sub-supercritical hotwater precipitate (SSHP) and sub-supercritical hotwater supermatant (SSHS) were 225.4 and 116.6 mg/g, respectively. Amounts of proanthocyanidin of SSHP and SSHS were 9.9 and 3.6 mg/g, respectively. Thus, the ratio of proanthocyanidin contents over total polyphenolic compounds of SSHP and SSHS were 4.3 and 3.9%, respectively. Antioxidative activities ($IC_{50}$) of SSHP and SSHS measured by DPPH radical scavenging were 41.5 and $50.7\;{\mu}g/ml$, respectively. These results indicates that two combined extracts, SSHP and SSHS showed higher antioxidative activities than extract prepared by hot water or sub-supercritical. In conclusion, extraction procedures for SSHP and SSHS could be useful methods for preparing the effective components of functional food products.

Quality Characteristics of Ssangwha Extract according to Extraction Conditions (쌍화추출물의 추출조건에 따른 품질특성에 관한 연구)

  • Park Sang-Soon;Lee Keun-Bo;Han Myung-Kyu
    • The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition
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    • v.17 no.4
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    • pp.368-373
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    • 2004
  • Optimal extraction conditions were established from the difference of quality characteristics according to extraction conditions of Ssangwha extracts(SWE). Extract yields of SWE obtained from the established extraction conditions were as follows. The maximum yield was 48.90% at extraction temperature 90$^{\circ}C$ and alcohol concentration 50%, extraction yield and alcohol concentration of extraction solvent was proportioned. Increase of extraction yields at extraction temperature 80∼90$^{\circ}C$ and more than alcohol concentration 30% had slowdown tendency according to increase of alcohol concentration. At this view point, the optimum extraction conditions were alcohol concentration 30% and more than extraction temperature 80$^{\circ}C$. In this study, optimal extraction conditions of SWE were extraction temperature 90$^{\circ}C$ and alcohol concentration 30%.

Horizontal settler를 이용한 연속식 3단 향류추출공정에 의한 lincomycin의 추출

  • Lee, Mun-Yeong;Jeon, Gye-Taek;Jeong, Yong-Seop;Lee, Sang-Jong;Jeong, Yeon-Ho
    • 한국생물공학회:학술대회논문집
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    • 2000.11a
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    • pp.632-633
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    • 2000
  • Lincomycin의 추출을 위한 최적용매 및 최적 추출조건을 조사하였고 회분식 다단 추출을 시도하는 한편, 연속식 3단 향류추출장치를 개발하여 lincomycin의 추출효율을 조사하였다. 연속식 3단 향류추출장치를 운전한 결과 회분식 추출과 마찬가지로 단수가 증가함에 따라 lincomycin의 추출효율이 증가함이 확인되었고, 3단을 거친 수용액상에서는 lincomycin이 거의 발견되지 않음이 확인되었다.

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Effects of Extraction Time, Temperature and Amount of Added Water on Beef Extracts by Hot Water (추출시간, 추출온도 및 가수율이 쇠고기의 열수추출물에 미치는 영향)

  • Yoo, Ick-Jong;Kim, Kyung-Hwan;Kim, Young-Eon;Park, Woo-Mun
    • Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology
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    • v.22 no.7
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    • pp.858-864
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    • 1990
  • In an attempt to establish efficient extraction conditions of beef extract by hot water extraction, effects of extraction time, temperature and amount of added water were investigated. Beef extract was prepared with three different extraction conditions and quality parameters for optimization of extraction condition were content of total nitrogen, non protein nitrogen and collagen in terms of extractability. As a result, in order to produce beef extract from beef by hot water extraction, it was efficient to extract at $97^{\circ}C$ for 75 minutes with the addition of 2.5 times water. Proper extraction condition under pressure was at $125^{\circ}C$ for 30 minutes with the addition of 2 times water.

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Effects of Dietary Supplementation of Sea Tangle Extracts on the Excretion of Neutral Steroids and Bile Acid in Diabetic Rats (다시마 추출물의 급여가 당뇨쥐의 중성스테로이드와 담즙산 배설에 미치는 영향)

  • 장민아;이경순;서정숙;최영선
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.31 no.5
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    • pp.819-825
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    • 2002
  • The present study was conducted to investigate the effect of dietary supplementation of sea tangle extracts on the excretion of neutral steroids and bile acid in diabetic rats. Sprague-Dawley rats were fed on AIN-76 based experimental diets containing methanol extracts (2%, w/w) or water extracts (4%, w/w) of sea tangle for 4 weeks. And then they were induced to be diabetic by receiving streptozotocin (45 mg/kg BW) intramuscularly. The dried fecal weight was increased significantly in water extracts group compared with control group. The fecal content of cholesterol was higher in extracts groups of sea tangle than in control group. But there was no significant difference in fecal excretion of cholesterol between methanol and water extracts groups. The fecal excretion of coprostanol was increased significantly in water extracts group compared with the control group. The fecal excretion of bile acid was increased significantly in sea tangle extracts groups compared to the control group. These data suggest that dietary supplementation of sea tangle extracts might reduce the incidence of atherosclerosis through increasing the excretion of neutral steroids.

Effect of Ultrasonification Process on Enhancement of Immuno-stimulatory Activity of Ephedra sinica Stapf and Rubus coreanus Miq. (초음파 병행 추출이 마황과 복분자 열수 추출물의 면역활성 증진에 미치는 효과)

  • 박진홍;이현수;문형철;김대호;성낙술;정해곤;방진기;이현용
    • KSBB Journal
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    • v.19 no.2
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    • pp.113-117
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    • 2004
  • The effect of ultrasonification on immuno-stimulatory activities of the extracts from Ephedra sinica Stapf and Rubus coreanus Miq. was observed by the growth of human immune cells. The extraction yields from water extracts and water extract with ultrasonification at 40$^{\circ}C$, 60$^{\circ}C$ and 100$^{\circ}C$ were compared. The highest yield was observed enhancement ratio 2.34% in the extract at 40$^{\circ}C$ with ultrasonification. The growth of human T-cell was increased up to 13.8${\times}$10$^4$ viable cells/$m\ell$ in adding 1.0 g/L of the ultrasonification extracts. The treated extracts increased the specific secretion of TNF-${\alpha}$ up to 10.5${\times}$10$\^$-4/ pg/cell. It was suggested that of the extracts on water the extraction yield with ultrasonification compared improved the extraction with ultrasonification of low than.