• Title/Summary/Keyword: 지방산

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Studies on the Compositions of Odd number Fatty acid of Vegetability lipids (식물성 유지의 홀수 지방산에 대하여(호도, 복숭아씨, 살구씨를 중심으로))

  • 차월석;유의경김연순
    • KSBB Journal
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    • v.8 no.1
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    • pp.49-54
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    • 1993
  • The contents of odd number fatty acid in walnut, peach seed and apricot seed were analyzed by HPLC. The results were as follows; the contents of crude oil in walnut, peach seed and apricot seed were 61.7%, 48.21%, and 52.34%, respectively. The contents of neutral lipid in walnut peach seed, and apricot seed were contained 62.32%, 91.50%, and 88.00%, respectively. The contents of glycolipid in walnut peach seed and apricot seed were contained 34.14%, 3.25%, and 4.78%, respectively. The contents of phospholipid in walnut peach seed and apricot seed were contained 3.54%, 5.25%, and 7.27%, respectively. The contents of odd number fatty acid and even number fatty acid in neutralipid were walnut 37.07% and 36.72%, peach seed 5.4% and 94.60%, and apricot seed 6.85% and 93.92%, respectively. The contents of odd number fatty acid and even number fatty acid in glycolipid were walnut 5.37% and 46.21%, peach seed 6.97% and 89.42%, and apricot seed 10.50% and 89.42%, respectively. The contents of odd number fatty acid and even number fatty acid in phospholipld were walnut 3.57% and 96.43%, peach speed 6.51% and 93.49%, and apricot seed 15.00% and 84.20%, respectively. The contents of odd number fatty and even number fatty acid in total fatty acid were walnut 14.47% and 85.53%, peach seed 1.17% and 98.83%, and apricot seed 4.3% and 95.97%, respectively.

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Effect of n-3 Fatty Acid Deficiency on Fatty Acid Composition in Brain, Retina and Liver Using a Novel Artificial Rearing System (인공 사육 동물 모델 시스템을 이용한 n-3 지방산 결핍이 쥐의 뇌, 망막, 간의 지방산 조성에 미치는 영향)

  • Lim, Sun-Young
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.34 no.4
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    • pp.466-475
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    • 2005
  • Docosahexaenoic acid (22:6n-3, DHA) is highly enriched in membrane of brain and retina, and plays an important role in maintaining an optimal function of the central nervous system. We investigated the effect of n-3 fatty acid deficiency on rat brain, retina and liver fatty acyl composition at two different ages (3 wks and 15 wks) under DHA deficient condition. Rat pups born to dams fed a diet with $3.1\%$ of total fatty acids as $\alpha-linolenic$ acid (LNA) were fed using an artificial rearing system either an n-3 deficient (n-3 Def) or n-3 adequate (n-3 Adq) diet. Both diets contained $17.1\%$ linoleic acid (LA) but the n-3 Adq diet also contained $3.1\%$ LNA. Rats consuming the n-3 Def diet showed a lower brain $(50\%\;in\;13\;wks\;and\;70\%\;in\;15\;wks,\;p<0.05)$ and retinal $(50\%\;in\;13\;wks\;and\;63\%\;in\;15\;wks,\;p<0.05)$ DHA than those on the n-3 Adq diet, which was largely compensated for by an increase in docosapentaenoic acid (22:5n-6, DPAn-6). In the liver of the n-3 Def group, the percentage of DHA decreased by $97\%$ at 3 wks of age with an apparent increase in DPAn-6 relative to the n-3 Adq group (p<0.05), while there was a $65\%$ lower liver DHA in n-3 Def group at 15 wks of age than the n-3 Adq group (p<0.05). Liver arachidonic acid (20:4n-6, AA) was increased at 3 wks of age but decreased at 15 wks of age in the n-3 Def group compared with n-3 Adq group (p<0.05). In conclusion, the replacement of DHA by DPAn-6 in brain and retina fatty acid composition may be related to the suboptimal function in spatial learning, memory and visual acuity. This artificial rearing method presents a first generation model for n-3 deficiency that is similar to the case of human nutrition that commonly employed two generation model.

유지율에 영향을 미치는 사료내 영양소

  • Yeo, Jun-Mo
    • Feed Journal
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    • v.2 no.9
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    • pp.100-103
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    • 2004
  • 젖소의 우유내 지방은 95~98% 정도가 중성지방으로 구성되어 있고, 나머지는 인지질, 콜레스테롤, 유리 지방산 등으로 구성되어 있다. 중성지방을 구성하고 있는 지방산들은 결합된 탄소의 수에 따라서 단쇄 지방산, 중쇄 지방산, 그리고 장쇄 지방산으로 구분된다. (중략)

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Effect of intake of dried mackerel on fatty acid compositions in liver and nervous tissue (건조 고등어 섭취가 마우스의 간 및 신경조직의 지방산 조성에 미치는 영향)

  • Choi, Hyung-Ju;Kim, Kyung-Kun;Lim, Sun-Young
    • Journal of Life Science
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    • v.17 no.4
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    • pp.546-551
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    • 2007
  • The purpose of this investigation was to determine the effect of feeding dried mackerel as a means of increasing the intake of these n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids on fatty acid compositions in liver and nervous tissue. Twenty male mice aged at 4 weeks were fed on the control (5% palm oil, control group) and 5% dried mackerel diets (mackerel group) for four weeks. In fatty acid compositions of liver and cortex, levels of total n-3 fatty acid, specially docosahexaenoic (22:6n-3, DHA) and eicosapentaenoic (20:5n-3, EPA) acids, were increased in the mackerel group compared to the control group, while docosapentaenoic acid (22:5n-6, DPAn-6) levels were decreased (p<0.05). In cerebellum and retina, levels of DHA were not significantly different between the control and mackerel groups, but levels of total n-6 fatty acids and arachidonic acid (20:4n-6, AA) were decreased in the mackerel group. These results indicated that intake of 5% dried mackerel increased levels of n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids in cortex. Thus, we will investigate the relationship between brain function and cortex fatty acid compositions following intake of mackerel by assessing discrimination leaning ability.

Effect of Treatment with Docosahexaenoic Acid into N-3 Fatty Acid Deficient and Adequate Diets on Rat Brain and Liver Fatty Acid Composition (필수 지방산 조성이 다른 식이의 docosahexaenoic acid 투여가 흰쥐 뇌 및 간의 지방산 조성에 미치는 영향)

  • Lim, Sun-Young
    • Journal of Life Science
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    • v.19 no.10
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    • pp.1417-1423
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    • 2009
  • Previous studies have suggested that docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) supplementation into n-3 fatty acid deficient diet improved spatial learning performance, but there was no significant difference in brain related function when DHA was added into a n-3 fatty acid adequate diet. Here, we investigated the effect of adding DHA into an n-3 fatty acid deficient or adequate diet on brain and liver fatty acid composition. On the second day after conception, Sprague Dawley strain dams were divided into four groups as follows; n-3 fatty acid deficient (Def), n-3 fatty acid deficient plus DHA (Def+DHA, 10.2% DHA), n-3 fatty acid adequate (Adq, 3.4% linolenic acid), and n-3 fatty acid adequate plus DHA (Adq+DHA, 3.31% linolenic acid plus 9.65% DHA). After weaning, male pups were fed on the same diets of their respective dams until adulthood. In brain fatty acid composition, the Def group showed a lower brain DHA (64% decrease), which was largely compensated for by an increase in docosapentaenoic acid (22:5n-6). Brain DHA in the Def+DHA group was increased to almost the same extent as in the Adq and Adq+DHA groups and there were no significant differences among them. Liver fatty acid composition showed a similar pattern to that of the brain, but liver DHA in the Def+DHA showed the highest percentage among the diet groups. In conclusion, n-3 fatty acid deficiency from gestation to adulthood leads to decreased brain DHA, which has been shown to be highly associated with poor spatial leaning performance. Thus, adequate brain DHA levels are required for optimal nervous function.

Gas Chromatography를 이용한 식물성 유지의 지방산의 정량 정성 및 산화안전성 평가

  • Park, Nam-Yeong;Jo, Hui-Jeong;Jeon, Jin-Yeong;Kim, Jin-Suk;Lee, Ji-Yeong;Lee, Chi-Ho
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society for Food Science of Animal Resources Conference
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    • pp.416-420
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    • 2004
  • 본 연구에서는 현재 우리나라에서 식용으로 많이 쓰이는 식물성 유지인 콩기름, 올리브유, 고추씨기름을 Gas Chromatography를 이용해 각 유지별 지방산의 정성, 정량하였으며 이들 유지의 산화 안정성 평가를 위하여 산화적 반응의 기작의 생성물인 휘발성 분해 산물인 Pentanal 생성을 비교하여 분석하였다. 1. Soybean oil의 지방산 조성은 불포화 지방산은 87.79%, 포화지방산은 12.21%를 차지했으며 Olive oil의 지방산 조성은 불포화 지방산은 82.77%, 포화지방산은 17.23%를 차지했다. Hot pepper oil의 지방산 조성은 불포화 지방산은 85.42%, 포화지방산은 14.58%를 차지했다. 2. 콩기름, 올리브기름, 고추씨기름의 pentane의 함량은 43.4, 30.4, 19.7nL로 측정되었다. 따라서 고추씨기름이 다른 유지에 비해 산화에 대하여 안정함을 알 수 있다. 이상의 결과로부터 실험에 선택된 콩기름, 올리브유, 고추씨기름에는 포화 지방산보다 불포화 지방산의 함량이 많은 것을 알 수 있었고, 특히 체내에서 합성이 불가능해 식품으로 섭취해야만 하는 필수 지방산의 함량이 높아 체내 생체 활동에 유용한 것으로 판단되었다. 산패도 비교 평가에서는 hot pepper seed oil이 olive oil이나 soybean oil보다 낮은 산패도를 나타내어 다른 유지보다 산화 안정성이 뛰어난 것으로 나타났다.

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오리의 비밀-오리기름이 인체에 어떠한 영향이 있는가?

  • Korea Duck Association
    • Monthly Duck's Village
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    • pp.78-79
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    • 2007
  • 오늘날 질병은 과거의 질환이나 섭생부주의로 오는 것이 아니라 호흡과 음식물의 섭취를 통해 체내에 유입돼 축척되는 온갖 독성물질과 중금속, 유해물질이 면역체계를 약화시켜 발생한다는 것이 지금의 의학계 소견이다. 오리의 지질을 구성하는 지방산 조성이 다른 육류와는 크게 다르다. 포화 지방산이 20% 정도인데 불포화 지방산이 70% 이상이다. p/S비율(불포화 지방산 함량을 포화 지방산 함량으로 나눈 값)은 3.4이며 포화 지방산인 팔미트산의 함량이 다른 육류에 비해 적다. 또한 콜레스테롤 함량도 적은 편이다.

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Effect of n-3 fatty acid deficiency on fatty acid compositions of nervous system in rats reared by artificial method. (N-3 지방산 결핍이 혈청 및 신경조직의 지방산 조성에 미치는 영향)

  • Lim, Sun-Young
    • Journal of Life Science
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    • v.17 no.5
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    • pp.634-640
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    • 2007
  • Our previous study suggested that n-3 fatty acid deficiency was associated with significantly reduced spatial learning as assessed by Morris water maze test. Here we investigated an effect of n-3 fatty acid deficiency on rat brain, retina and serum fatty acyl compositions at 15 wks age using a first generational artificial rearing technique. Newborn Rat pups were separated on day 2 and assigned to two artificial rearing groups or a dam-reared control group. Pups were hand fed artificial milk via custom-designed nursing bottles containing either 0.02%(n-3 Deficient) or 3.1% (n-3 Adequate) of total fatty acids as a-linolenic acid(LNA). At day 21, rats were weaned to either n-3 deficient or n-3 adequate pelleted diets and fatty acid compositions of brain, retina and liver were analyzed at 15 wks age. Brain docosahexaenoic acid(DHA) was lower(58% and 61%, P<0.05) in n-3 deficient in comparison to n-3 adequate and dam-reared groups, receptively, while brain docosapentaenoic acid(DPAn-6) was increased in the n-3 deficient group. In retina and serum fatty acid compositions, the decreased precentage of DHA and increased precentage of DPAn-6 were observed. These results suggested that artificial rearing method can be used to produce n-3 fatty acid deficiency in the first generation and that adequate brain DHA levels are required for optimal brain function.

Biogas Production Performance according to the Saturated and Unsaturated Fatty Acid Contents (포화·불포화 지방산 함량에 따른 바이오가스 생산 성능)

  • Kim, Soo Ah;Pang, Yeon Gyu;Kim, Sang Hun
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society for Agricultural Machinery Conference
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    • pp.127-127
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    • 2017
  • 우리나라 음식물 폐기물은 수분함량 및 유기물 함량이 높기 때문에 부패와 악취, 침출수의 원인이 된다. 하지만 이를 혐기 소화 처리한다면 구성성분에 따라 60-80%가 생분해되어(한국유기성폐자원학회, 2001) 친환경적으로 처리가능하고, 혐기소화 결과물로 발생한 메탄가스를 대체에너지로 사용할 수 있어 유기물을 효과적으로 처리할 수 있다. 그러나 유기성 폐기물은 계절 및 지역에 따라 구성성분의 비가 다르며, 성분 중 지방 함량이 많을 때 바이오가스 생산이 지연되어 생산효율 감소의 주된 원인이 된다(Kafle and Kim, 2013). 전국음식물 폐기물 중 지방함량이 높은 어육류의 발생량은 3차 조사(환경부, 2008)에 비해 2배 이상 증가하였고, 향후 음식 섭취의 서구화로 인한 육류 소비가 증가할 것으로 예상된다(환경부, 2013). 따라서 본 연구는 지방함량이 높은 유기물의 효율적 처리를 위해 지방산 종류에 따라 포화 불포화 지방산을 포함하는 부산물의 혐기소화 능력 및 바이오가스 생산 성능을 구명하는데 목적이 있다. 본 연구 결과, 불포화 지방산 함량이 높은 수준인 부산물의 바이오가스는 629.96-749.14 mL/g VS 이며, 포화 지방산 함량이 높은 수준의 부산물은 560.18-715.43 mL/g VS 였다. 불포화 지방산 함량이 25.31%-46.26%로 많아질수록 초기 순응기간은 13일에서 25일로 증가하였고, 총 바이오가스 생산량의 90%가 생산되는 기간인 T90은 57일에서 72일로 증가하여 바이오가스 생산 속도가 감소한 것으로 판단된다. 포화 지방산은 함량이 24.10-48.74%로 증가할수록 초기 순응기간의 변화는 없었고, T90은 69일에서 62일로 감소하였다. 또한 불포화 지방산이 많은 유기물은 모두 바이오가스 생산 과정에서 2단계의 지연현상을 보였지만, 포화지방산은 함량이 증가하여도 1단계의 지연현상을 보였다. 이러한 차이는 두 지방산에 관여하는 미생물의 차이(Diana, 2007)와 불포화 지방산의 굴곡된 형태가 지방산과 미생물이 상호 작용 방식에 악영향 미치기 때문으로 판단된다(Diana, 2013). 결론적으로, 두 지방산의 소화 방식은 차이가 있으며, 불포화 지방산 함량이 많은 유기물은 탄수화물 함량이 많은 유기물을 10% 이상 혼합하여 지연상을 감소시킬수 있다(Kim, 2017). 포화 지방산 함량이 많은 유기물은 초기 지연 현상 해결을 위한 연구가 추가적으로 요구된다.

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곤충병원성 선충과 공생박테리아의 지방산 함량 분석

  • Park, Seon-Ho;Kim, Hyo-Hyeon;Kim, Ji-Yeon
    • 한국생물공학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.910-913
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    • 2001
  • The fatty acid compositions of entomopathogenic nematodes Steinernema carpocapsae strain produced in vitro and in vivo were examined. Nematodes cultured both in vitro and in vivo revealed similar fatty acids compositions with respect to 16, 18, 20 carbons. However, the contents of lipids were varied by culture methods. Furthermore, it was distinctive that nematodes cultured in vitro contained fatty acids with 19 carbon. In the case of symbiotic bacterium Xenorhabdus nematophilus isolated from Steinernema carpocapsae, the major lipid component was palmitic (c16:0) fatty acids.

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