• Title, Summary, Keyword: 존스 홉킨스 대학

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The Emergence of Research-oriented Department of Mathematics in Johns Hopkins University (1876-1883) (전문 연구 중심의 존스 홉킨스 대학 수학과 설립 (1876-1883))

  • Jung, Won
    • Journal for History of Mathematics
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    • v.33 no.1
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    • pp.21-32
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    • 2020
  • Daniel Coit Gilman, the first president of Johns Hopkins University, aspired to build an ideal university focused on the competent faculty and their research. His plan was carried out through opening the first American graduate program, hiring professors with the highest-level research performances, assigning them less teaching burdens, and encouraging them to actively publish professional journals. He introduced Department of Mathematics as an initial model to put his plan into practice, and James Joseph Sylvester, a British mathematician invited as the first mathematics professor to Johns Hopkins University, made it possible in a short time. Their concerted efforts led to building the Department of Mathematics as a professional research institute for research, higher education, and expert training as well as to publishing American Journal of Mathematics.

The Development and Evaluation of a New Educational Program, Introduction to Clinical Nursing, for Third Year Nursing Students (간호학 임상실습 입문 교육과정(Introduction to Clinical Nursing) 개발과 교육 효과)

  • Song, Kyung-Ae;Park, Hyun-Jung;Yeom, Hye-A;Lee, Jong-Eun;Joo, Ga-Eul;Kim, Hee-Ju
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing
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    • v.19 no.3
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    • pp.322-333
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    • 2012
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of a newly developed Introduction to Clinical Nursing (ICN) program on critical thinking skills, communication competence, self-efficacy, and clinical performance self-confidence in nursing students in their third year. Methods: One group pre-test and post-test design was used with three data collection time points (pre-test, post-test1 and post-test2). Participants were 74 third year nursing students approaching their first clinical practicum. The new program included (a) simulated clinical encounters regarding situations of assessing hospitalized patents and caring for patients with oxygenation needs, (b) objective structured clinical examination of skills, (c) lectures, and (e) field trips. Data were analyzed using paired t-tests. Results: After the ICN course, critical thinking skills(significant only between pretest and post-test2), communication competence, and clinical performance self-confidence improved significantly (p<.05). There was no improvement in the self-efficacy total score but there was significant improvement in the subscale, self-regulatory efficacy. Conclusions: The study results indicate that the ICN course may be effective in increasing critical thinking skills, communication competence, and clinical performance self-confidence in nursing students. However, the effect size was very small and modifications of this program should be considered to develop more cost-effective educational programs.

Factors Affecting on Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms in Middle-aged Women (중년 여성의 하부요로증상에 영향을 미치는 요인)

  • Jang, In-Sun;Lee, Ji-Yeon;Oh, Doo-Nam;Kim, Ji-Yun;Jung, Hyun-Jung;Park, Seung-Mi
    • Journal of Korean Biological Nursing Science
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    • v.11 no.2
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    • pp.176-182
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    • 2009
  • Purpose: This study was performed to investigate demographic and disease-related characteristics that influence lower urinary tract symptoms in middle-aged women. Methods: The participants in this study were 301 middle-aged women and they completed structured questionnaire between May to June, 2008. Lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) were measured with Bristol Female Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms-short form (BFLUTS-SF) and categorized as voiding, filling and incontinence symptoms. The data were analyzed by using descriptive statistics, t-test, ANOVA, Pearson Correlation Coefficient, and multiple regression with SPSS PC 15.0 version. Results: The participants who have higher economic status and drink alcohol were more likely to have LUTS score than other woman who have lower economic status and don't drink alcohol at all. Also, frequent childbirth experiences and chronic diseases conditions such as diabetes and heart disease are positively associated with LUTS score. The symptoms of filling and incontinence were affected by number of childbirth, alcohol drinking habit and chronic disease conditions while voiding symptom was influenced only by alcohol drinking habit. In multiple regression analysis, LUTS were significantly predicted by parity, drinking carbonated beverage and alcohol. Conclusion: For proper nursing care related to lower urinary tract symptoms, nursing intervention should focus on improving alcohol drinking habit and carbonated beverage comsumption.

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Detection of Antibodies Reacting with Anaplasma phagocytophilum and Ehrlichia chaffeensis from Cats, Horses and Cattle in Korea (한국에서 사육되는 고양이, 말, 소로부터 Anaplasma phagocytophilum과 Ehrlichia chaffeensis에 대한 항체 검출)

  • Chae, Joon-Seok;Heo, Eun-Jeong;Park, Jin-Ho;Choi, Kyoung-Seong;Dumler, J. Stephen;Lee, Sung-Soo;Kang, Tae-Young;Yang, Jae-Hyuk;Kim, Do-Young;Kim, Joon-Gyu;Choi, Gui-Cheol;Kang, Mun-Il
    • Journal of Veterinary Clinics
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    • v.26 no.6
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    • pp.515-519
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    • 2009
  • Antibodies to Anaplasma phagocytophilum and Ehrlichia chaffeensis were detected by the immunofluorescent antibody (IFA) test in sera collected from cats, thoroughbred horses and Holstein cattle in Gwangju, Jeonju and Jeju Island of Korea. Two hundred fifty four sera (33 feral and pet cats, 92 grazing horses and 129 grazing cattle) were obtained from Republic of Korea. Antibodies to A. phagocytophilum (titer $\geq$ 80) were detected in 6 of the 33 feral and pet cats (18.2%), and 1 seropositive cat (3.0%) also had antibodies to E. chaffeensis. Only 1 of 129 (0.8%) cattle and 2 of 92 (2.2%) horses had antibodies to A. phagocytophilum. Antibodies to E. chaffeensis were not detected in either of these animals. This is the first report of serological evidence of A. phagocytophilum and E. chaffeensis from cats, cattle and horses in Korea. These rickettsial agents could have an important impact on human health or impact animal health with economic losses among industrial grazing animals in Korea.