• Title, Summary, Keyword: 그리스도론

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Euler's Mathematical Theology (오일러의 수학신학)

  • Hyun, Woo-Sik
    • Journal for History of Mathematics
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    • v.25 no.2
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    • pp.11-21
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    • 2012
  • The interdisciplinary study explores the Euler's theology through his mathematical landmarks. From the mathematico-theological perspective, we first address Euler's theological backgrounds, and then show the implications of Euler's identity as his mathematical Christology.

The Expression of Divinity and Humanity of Christ through His Body and Clothes in the Medieval Paintings, Transfiguration (중세 '변형' 도상에 나타난 그리스도의 신성과 인성)

  • Choi, Sun Young
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.18 no.1
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    • pp.359-369
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    • 2018
  • When expressing Christ visually in the medieval Christian painting, the most important issue was how to express the divinity as Son of God and the humanity as attribute of human in a balanced manner. The purpose of the study is to examine both formative and symbolic characters of divinity and humanity on the Christ's body and clothes in the Medieval paintings, Transfiguration of Christ. In the paintings, Christ's body is definite evidence to show both his divinity and humanity. In connection with the body, the clothes reveal Christ's humanity and divinity as well. Through this research, the study found that the divinity and humanity on the Christ's clothes in the Transfiguration of Christ were as follows: Blue, gold, purple, white and bleaching effect are the emblem of divinity, and red and color contrast effect with a high chroma stand for humanity of Christ. In addition, unstructured wrinkles of clothes reveal Christ's divinity, on the other hand, structured drapery shows his humanity through emphasizing volume of the body. Finally, divinity of Christ is shown on the gold clavus and red clavus intensify his humanity. Medieval Christian paintings are products planned out to express Christ's dual nature. There is a significance that the paintings represent the profession of painter's faith and the dogma of the era. Furthermore, they suggest the importance of the image to deliver the abstract concepts by visualizing.

Theological Reflection on the Hope Found in Suffering: Focusing on the Book of Job and the Theology of J. Moltmann (고통 속에서 발견하는 희망에 대한 신학적 성찰 : 욥기와 몰트만 신학을 중심으로)

  • Im, Min Kyun
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.20 no.9
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    • pp.638-647
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    • 2020
  • This study reflects on suffering, a theme of anthropology, from a Christian theological point of hope. It suggests that suffering is not a negative experience, rather a medium of hope that can be a positive driving force in life and an opportunity to reach personal maturity. It aims to deepen the content of anthropology regarding the meaning of suffering by discovering a new harmony within the relationship between pain and hope. The book of Job denies the theodicical concept that justifies suffering as punishment for human sins and opens a new horizon of understanding the suffering as a space of hope, where men can experience the Love of God in the relationship with God. In his theology of suffering, Moltmann broadens and deepens the horizon of understanding as the book of Job discovered. First, he interprets the history in the hope of an eschatological future when the resurrected Jesus Christ will bring the final victory over evil and suffering. Then he invites men to proactively resist the absurdity and suffering revealed through this interpretation. Second, Moltmann reflects on the problem of suffering in the concept of the Trinity of God who endures active suffering with love for men shown in the crucifixion of Jesus Christ. He offers another hope that enables men to overcome the suffering in God's love. Therefore, the Christian faith can confess that we can hope in suffering.

Ernst Bloch and Jürgen Moltmann: The Hope for What? (블로흐와 몰트만: 무엇을 위한 희망인가?)

  • Kim, Jin
    • Journal of Korean Philosophical Society
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    • v.145
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    • pp.217-244
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    • 2018
  • This paper reviews how $J{\ddot{u}}rgen$ Moltmann embraces and transforms the philosophy of Ernst Bloch. For what are the hopes of the two thinkers who presuppose opposing worldviews? This question will provide a good opportunity to look at how different religious types, based on different worldviews in modern philosophy of religion, can understand and communicate with one another. Ernst Bloch was a philosopher who originally interpreted Judeo-Christian thought through Marxism and Persian Dualism and helped to carry out the intrinsic criticism of the doctrine of Christian eschatology by developing atheism of Christianity into a philosophy of hope. Bloch and Moltmann deal with the concepts of future, humanity, nation, and hope in the eschatological horizon, but their worldviews are so different. For example, the connection between the Beginning and Ending, Disjunction or Continuation, the Core of Existence and Resurrection, Messianism and Marxism, Atheism and Theism, Persian Dualism and Judeo-Christian Monotheism. Therefore, a one-sided interpretation that ignores worldview differences in the hopes of these two thinkers should be avoided. Moltmann actively embraced the Messianism of the Jewish thinker, Bloch, by excluding Marxism, made the spectrum of broad-minded horizons diminished in the union of Messianism and Marxism. Moltmann replaced the utopian possibilities of matter in the Ontology of Not-Yet-Being, with the resurrection of Christ, who was crucified, and with the God of Creation and the God of Exodus. By overthrowing the position of atheism in Christianity, which was very important for Bloch, with the system of Trinitarian Monotheism, it resulted in the disconnection and conflict between the Old Testament and the New Testament, especially the ignorance of the tension between God the Lord and Jesus Christ.

Creating Change in the Ecology of Religious Education for Overcoming Racism (인종주의 극복을 위한 종교교육 생태의 창조적 변화에 관한 연구)

  • Son, Moon
    • Journal of Christian Education in Korea
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    • v.61
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    • pp.109-129
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    • 2020
  • This study reflects the regional context of Northeast Asian countries embodied in US-North Korean nuclear tension. The researcher uses the methodological inquiry of practical theology to analyze the political affairs and intertwine with religious education. The ecology of religious education to dismantle the threat of ethnic and racial discrimination such as white supremacy supports a shared pedagogy between students and their teachers in the narrative of Jesus to challenge all forms of oppression as the democratic presence of God.

A Comparative Study on Divisions of Christianity in KDC, DDC & LCC (KDC, DDC, LCC의 기독교 문헌분류 전개에 관한 연구)

  • 김명옥
    • Journal of Korean Library and Information Science Society
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    • v.34 no.1
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    • pp.287-311
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    • 2003
  • This comparative study is on divisions of religion, subdivisions of religion, standard subdivisions, and divisions of Christianity in the KDC 4th ed., DDC 21h ed., & LCC 3th ed. It selects the subjects as \circled1 Christianity theology, \circled2 Jesus Christ, \circled3 The Bible, \circled4 Devotional literature & life, \circled5 Evangelism, education; pastoral theology, \circled6 Ecclesiastical theology, \circled7 Worship, sacrament, \circled8 Denominations which are the divisions of Christianity in KDC 4th ed. It wants to be devoted fer the development of the schedules for Christianity.

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A Study on North Korean Missions as Christian Education (교육선교로서의 북한선교에 관한 연구)

  • Lim, Changho
    • Journal of Christian Education in Korea
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    • v.64
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    • pp.21-50
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    • 2020
  • The main purpose of this study is to present a map for setting a new direction for future North Korean ministry by applying Russell's theory on Christian education as a mission. As is well known, Russell was the first Christian educator who interpreted Christian education from a mission's perspective. According to her, Christian education is not a mere instrument for church to maintain and nurture new believers, but it is part of 'Missio Dei' in a broader sense. In other words, it is a way for everyone to accept Christ's invitation, and join in 'Missio Dei' that restores true humanity through reconciling with God and our neighbors. Based on the understanding of Russell's Christian education theory, the study examined up-to-date North Korean mission's situation, analysis, and limitations in the introduction. In chapter 2, the researcher reviewed approaching methods for understanding North Korea as well as prior studies on North Korean mission and unification within the field of Christian education. In chapter 3, Russell's theory on Christian education for humanization was briefly introduced. In chapter 4, the study attempted to apply Russell's theory in North Korean mission in the following areas: what is the true meaning of restoring humanity for North Koreans (including the refugees) and what are some of the specific ministry ideas; what is a realistic and sustainable humanization ministry; what environment can foster North Koreans to reconcile with both God and their neighbors; what are the ways to explain that such ministry is an invitation from Christ; what should the people involved in the ministry prepare; in what areas can Russell's theory be more effective in North Korean mission compared to other methods in terms of Christian education for humanization. Finally, a conclusion was drawn in chapter 5.

Development of Questionnaires for Pathogenesis Analysis of Bojungikgitang Symptom( II ) (보중익기탕증(補中益氣湯證)의 병인론적(病因論的) 분석을 위한 설문문항(說問問項) 개발(開發)( II ))

  • Yoon, Tae-Deug;Park, Young-Jae;Lee, Sang-Chul;Park, Young-Bae;Oh, Hwan-Sup
    • The Journal of the Society of Korean Medicine Diagnostics
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    • v.11 no.2
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    • pp.45-58
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    • 2007
  • Background and purpose: We previously developed questionnaire of Bojungikgitang systom on the Delphi method through the pathogenesis analysis. But developed a questionnaire was not verified in the clinical. So, to ensure objectivity, quantification and validity, verification is needed for questionnaire items before applying a clinical. On this study, we looked at whether questionnaire items had been validity in the clinical. Methods: Surveys conducted about 191 patients at 12 oriental medicine hospitals. Among them, patients with Bojungikgitang systom(group I) were 95, and patients with no Bojungikgitang systom(group II) were 96. We calculated that the sum of each item in the survey and then the sum was reviewed statistically significant difference through Independent samples T test between group I and II. Results: Between group I and II, the total sum survey of the percent difference is meaningful (P<0.05). Conclusions: Reliability analysis of the Bojungikgitang systom survey research is needed in the future. Also I think that research should proceed about a lot of people.

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A Study on Reliability and Validity of the Pyungweesan Patternization Questionnaire by the Pathogenesis Analysis (병인론적(病因論的) 분석(分析)에 의한 평위산변증설문지(平胃散辨證設問紙)의 신뢰도(信賴度) 타당도(妥當度) 연구(硏究))

  • Lim, Jun-Sung;Park, Young-Bae;Park, Young-Jae;Lee, Sang-Chul;Oh, Whan-Sup
    • The Journal of the Society of Korean Medicine Diagnostics
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    • v.11 no.2
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    • pp.59-67
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    • 2007
  • Objectives: Pathogenesis treats cause of disease. Pyungweesan is pathogenic prescription of indigestion. This study researched for developing questionnaire of prescribing pyungweesan. Methods: Korean medical doctor classified the patients into two group, pyungweesan symptom group and non pyungweesan symptom group. After that, each group responsed to the questionnaire. We tested for both the reliability and validity of the questionnaire. For validity test, we compared the sum, average and standard deviation of 20 items of pyungweesan symptom group with those of non-pyungweesan symptom group through independent sample t-test, For reliability test, we computerized crohnbach's a value of the items. Results: The developed questionnaire showed remarkable reliability. (Cronbach's ${\alpha}$ =0.854) There were a significant differences on the sum of the 20 items and each 19 item's average and standard deviation, except 1 item; Do you have an irregular discharge from the womb? Conclusions: Based on the results of the above analysis, the korean medical doctor will make an effort to apply the pyungweesan questionnaire clinically. In the future, the additional research is needed.

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The Trinitarian Principles of Christian Education: Based on the Reaction of Neo-Orthodox Theology against Postmodern Challenges (기독교교육의 삼위일체적 원리 - 포스트모더니즘에 대한 신정통주의의 대응을 기반으로)

  • Choi, Seong-Hun
    • Journal of Christian Education in Korea
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    • v.61
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    • pp.131-164
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    • 2020
  • This study analyzes the Trinitarian principles of Christian education through the neo-orthodox theology of Karl Barth, Reinhold Niebuhr, and Paul Tillich in the current era of postmodernism. Both neo-orthodoxy and postmodernism react against the epistemological ideals of modernity. Postmodernism is based on a limited human point of view, and thus becomes a captive to its own subjectivity, producing two main characteristics - pluralism and relativism. Since neo-orthodoxy appeared as a reaction against human-centered modernity, critical analysis of neo-orthodox theology can give insights to cope with the challenges of postmodernism in Christian education today. Thus, this study bases its argument critically on the thoughts of neo-orthodox theologians such as Karl Barth, Reinhold Niebuhr, and Paul Tillich, since they responded to the challenges of enlightenment through rediscovering fundamental theological principles. First of all, this study examined the meaning of God's creation and the fall and provided the principle of theistic relativism. Secondly, this study explored educational insights from Jesus' crucifixion, through His work of redemption, liberation, and restoration and suggests an incarnated relationship building. Thirdly, the study analyzed the caring and comforting work of the Holy Spirit and emphasized the power of the Holy Spirit that heals corrupted human reason and enables loving relationships.