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Surface Flame Patterns and Stability Characteristics of Premixed Burner System for Fuel Reformers  

Lee, Pil-Hyong (인천대학교 기계시스템공학부)
Park, Bong-Il (인천대학교 기계시스템공학부)
Jo, Soon-Hye (인천대학교 기계시스템공학부)
Hwang, Sang-Soon (인천대학교 기계시스템공학부)
Publication Information
Journal of the Korean Society of Combustion / v.15, no.3, 2010 , pp. 8-14 More about this Journal
Fuel processing systems which convert fuel into rich gas (such as stream reforming, partial oxidation, autothermal reforming) need high temperature environment ($600{\sim}1,000^{\circ}$). Generally, anode-off gas or mixture of anode-off gas and LNG is used as input gas of fuel reformer. In order to make efficient and low emission burner system for fuel reformer, it is necessary to elucidate the combustion and emission characteristic of fuel reformer burner. The purpose of this study is to develop a porous premixed flat ceramic burner that can be used for 1~5 kW fuel cell reformer. Ceramic burner experiments using natural gas, hydrogen gas, anode off gas, mixture of natural gas & anode off gas were carried out respectively to investigate the flame characteristics by heating capacity and equivalence ratio. Results show that the stable flat flames can be established for natural gas, hydrogen gas, anode off gas and mixture of natural gas & anode off gas as reformer fuel in the porous ceramic burner. For all of fuels, their burning velocities become smaller as the equivalence ratio goes to the lean mixture ratio, and a lift-off occurs at lean limit. Flame length in hydrogen and anode off gas became longer with increasing the heat capacity. In particular, the blue surface flame is found to be very stable at a very lean equivalence ratio at heat capacity and different fuels. The exhausted NOx and CO measurement shows that the blue surface flame represents the lowest NOx and CO emissions since it remains very stable at a lean equivalence ratio.
Fuel processing system; Anode-off gas; Ceramic burner; Heating capacity; equivalence ratio;
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Times Cited By KSCI : 1  (Citation Analysis)
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