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Anterior Cruciate Ligament Injury is Unlikely to Occur when Performing a Stable Weight Lifting Operation  

Moon, Youngjin (Department of Sports Science, Chungnam National University)
Moon, Jeheon (Department of Sports Science, Korea Institute of Sport Science, Korea Sports Promotion Foundation)
Publication Information
Korean Journal of Applied Biomechanics / v.28, no.4, 2018 , pp. 199-205 More about this Journal
Objective: The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of increase in barbell weight on closely related variable to the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury which are knee joint kinematics, joint load, joint moment, and maximum load attainment point during snatch of the weight lifting. Method: The subjects of the study were 10 male Korean national weight lifting athletes (69 kg 5, 77 kg 5; age: $21.80{\pm}3.91yrs.$, height: $168.00{\pm}4.06cm$, weight: $75.00{\pm}4.02kg$, career: $7.8{\pm}3.99yrs.$, snatch records: $168{\pm}4.06kg$). The weight of the barbell during the snatch operation was set at 70%, 75% and 80% of the highest records for each subject studied. Results: The result obtained from the one-way repeated measure ANOVA are as follows: With increased barbell weight, the extension moment of the left knee joint was higher in the 80% condition than the 70% (p<.001). However, other variables were not statistically significant difference. According to the factor analysis of the variables related to maximum load attainment point of the ACL major injury variables, the first sub-factor was the internal shear force, the posterior shear force, the abduction moment, and the muscle activity of the VL. The second sub-factor was the extension moment of the knee joint, compressive force, adduction moment, and the third sub-factor was the muscle activity of BF. Conclusion: These results indicate that the possibility of ACL injury can be lowered when performing a stable snatch movement.
Weight lifting; Snatch; ACL injury; Knee load;
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Times Cited By KSCI : 3  (Citation Analysis)
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