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Effects of Prolonged Running-Induced Fatigue on the Periodicity of Shank-Foot Segment Coupling and Free Torque  

Ryu, Ji-Seon (Motion Innovation Center, Korea National Sport University)
Publication Information
Korean Journal of Applied Biomechanics / v.26, no.3, 2016 , pp. 257-264 More about this Journal
Objective: The purpose of this study was to determine the periodicity of shank-foot segment coupling and free torque before and after fatigue induced by prolonged running. Method: Fifteen young healthy male participants with a rear-foot strike ran on instrumented dual-belt treadmills at 70% of their maximum oxygen uptake for 65 min. Kinematic and ground reaction force data were collected for 20 continuous strides at 5 and 65 min (considered the fatigued condition). The approximate entropy tool was applied to assess the periodicity of the shank internal-external rotation, foot inversion-eversion, shank-foot segment coupling, and free torque for the two running conditions. Results: The periodicity of all studied parameters, except foot inversion-eversion, decreased after 65 min of running (fatigued condition) for 80% of the participants in this study. Furthermore, 60% of the participants showed similarities in the change of periodicity pattern in shank internal-external rotation, coupling, and free torque. Conclusion: The findings indicated that the foot inversion-eversion motion may pose a higher risk of injury than the shank internal-external rotation, coupling, and free torque in the fatigued condition during prolonged running.
Fatigue; Approximate entropy; Prolonged running; Periodicity; Coupling; Free torque;
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