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Acoustic features of diphthongs produced by children with speech sound disorders  

Cho, Yoon Soo (Graduate School of Special Education, Dankook University)
Pyo, Hwa Young (Department of Speech and Language Pathology, Chosun University)
Han, Jin Soon (Graduate School of Special Education, Dankook University)
Lee, Eun Ju (Department of Special Education, Dankook University)
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Phonetics and Speech Sciences / v.13, no.1, 2021 , pp. 65-72 More about this Journal
The aim of this study is to prepare basic data that can be used for evaluation and intervention by investigating the characteristics of diphthongs produced by children with speech sound disorders. To confirm this, two groups of 10 children each, with and without speech sound disorders were asked to imitate the meaningless two-syllable 'diphthongs + da'. The slope of F1 and F2, amount of change of formant, and duration of glide were analyzed by Praat (version 6.1.16). As a result, the difference between the two groups was found in the slope of F1 of /ju/. Children with speech sound disorders had smaller changes in formants and shorter duration time values compared to normal children, and there were statistically significant differences. The amount of change in formant in the glide was found in F1 of /ju, jɛ/, F2 of /jɑ, jɛ/, and there were significant differences in the duration of glide in /ju, jɛ/. The results of this study showed that the range of articulation of diphthongs in children with speech sound disorders is relatively smaller than that of normal children, thus the time it takes to articulate was reduced. These results suggest that the range of articulation and acoustic analysis should be further investigated for evaluation and intervention regarding diphthongs of children with speech sound disorders.
diphthongs; speech sound disorder (SSD); spectrogram; acoustic features;
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