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Benthic dinoflagellates in Korean waters  

Lim, An Suk (Division of Life Science & Plant Molecular Biology and Biotechnology Research Center, Gyeongsang National University)
Jeong, Hae Jin (School of Earth and Environmental Sciences, College of Natural Sciences, Seoul National University)
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ALGAE / v.36, no.2, 2021 , pp. 91-109 More about this Journal
The occurrence of benthic dinoflagellates, many of which are known to be toxic, is a critical concern for scientists, government officers, and people in the aquaculture, dining, and tourism industries. The interest in these dinoflagellates in countries with temperate climate is increasing because tropical or subtropical species introduced into temperate waters by currents are able to survive the winter season in the new environment owing to global warming. Recently, several species from the benthic dinoflagellate genera Amphidinium, Coolia, Ostreopsis, Gambierdiscus, and Prorocentrum have been reported in the waters of the South and East Sea of Korea. The advent of the benthic dinoflagellates in Korean waters is especially important because raw or slightly cooked seaweeds, which may harbor these benthic dinoflagellates, as well as raw fish, which can be potentially intoxicated by phytotoxins produced by some of these benthic dinoflagellates, are part of the daily Korean diet. The recent increase in temperature of Korean coastal waters has allowed for the expansion of benthic dinoflagellate species into these regions. In the present study, we reviewed the species, distribution, and toxicity of the benthic dinoflagellates that have been reported in Korean waters. We also provided an insight into the ecological and socio-economic importance of the occurrence of benthic dinoflagellates in Korean waters.
Amphidinium; Coolia; epiphytic; Gambierdiscus; Ostreopsis; Prorocentrum; warming;
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