Browse > Article

First Description of Petalonia zosterifolia and Scytosiphon gracilis (Scytosiphonaceae, Phaeophyceae) from Korea with Special Reference to nrDNA ITS Sequence Comparisons  

Cho, Ga-Youn (Department of Biology, Chungnam National University)
Yang, Eun-Chan (Department of Biology, Chungnam National University)
Lee, Sang-Hee (Department of Biology, Chungnam National University)
Boo, Sung-Min (Department of Biology, Chungnam National University)
Publication Information
ALGAE / v.17, no.3, 2002 , pp. 135-144 More about this Journal
Scytosiphonaceae is an acetocarpalean brown algal family, that is a recent focus of synstematics and marine biodiversity. We describe Petalonia zosterifolia and Scytosiphon gracilis from Korea for the first time. P. zosterifolia occurred on the East coast, and had flat, linear and solid thalli. S. gracilis was found in Jeju, and had cylindircal to flat and hol-low thalli. However, these two species are so similar that it is difficult to identify by morphology alone. In order to determine if the nuclear DNA reveals the distinctness of both species and to know their phylogenies, the ITS region sequences were newly detrmined in 22 samples of P. zosterifolia, Scytosiphon gracilis, and other three members of the genera from Korea. We found 0.12% variation among samples of P. zosterifolia from different locations, and no variation between S. gracilis samples from diferent years, but extensive interspecific divergences (13.62-22.83%) of each species to other members in Petalonia and Scytosiphon . The ITS sequence dta consistently showed a close relationship between P. zosterifolia and S. gracilis. This result is congruent with morphology and with the published data of plastid rbc and partial nrDNA large subunit gene sequences, and suggests that P. zosterifolia and S. gracilis might have diverged from the most recent common ancestor.
ITS region, morphology, Petalonia zosterifolia, Phaeophyceae, phylogeny, Scytosiphon gracilis, Scytosiphonaceae, taxonomy;
Citations & Related Records
연도 인용수 순위
  • Reference
1 Yoon H.S., Lee J.Y., Boo S.M., and Bhattacharya D. 2001. Phylogeny of Alariaceae, Laminariaceae, and Lessoniaceae (Phaeophyceae) based on plastid-encoded RuBisCo spacer and nuclear-encoded ITS sequence comparisons. Mol. Phylog. Evol. 21: 231-243.   DOI   ScienceOn
2 Rhew K.S. and Boo S.M. 1991. Morphological variability in Endaraehne binghamiae J. Agardh (Phaeophyta) from the East coast of Korea. Korean J. Bot. 34: 45-51.
3 Kogame K. 1997. Sexual reproduction and life history of Petalonia fascia (Scytosiphonales, Phaeophyceae). Phycologia 36: 389-394.   DOI   ScienceOn
4 Peters A.F. and Ramirez E. 2001. Molecular phylogeny of small brown algae, with special reference to the systematic position of Caepidium antarcticum (Adenocystaceae, Ectocarpales). Cryptogamie, Algol. 22: 187-200.   DOI   ScienceOn
5 Serrao E.A., Alice L.A., and Brawley S.H. 1999. Evolution of the Fucaceae (Phaeophyta) inferred from nrDNA-ITS. J. Phycol. 35: 382-394.   DOI   ScienceOn
6 Saunders G.W. and Druehl L.D. 1993. Nucleotide sequences of the internal transcribed spacers and 5.85 rRNA genes from Alaria marginata and Postelsia palmaeformis (Phaeophyta: Laminariales). Mar. Biol. 115: 347-352.   DOI   ScienceOn
7 Gilbert D.G. 1995. SeqPup, a biological sequence editor and analysis program for Macintosh computer. Biology Department, Indiana Univ., Bloomington.
8 Tseng C.K. 1983. Common Seaweeds of China. Science Press, Beijing.
9 Cho G.Y., Yoon H.S., Choi H.G., Kogame K., and Boo S.M. 2001. Phylogeny of the family Scytosiphonaceae (Phaeophyta) from Korea based on sequences of plastid-encoded RuBisCo spacer region. Algae 16: 145-150.
10 Draisma S.G., Prud'homme van Reine W.F., Stam W.T., and Olsen J.L. 2001. A reassessment of phylogenetic relationships within the Phaeophyceae based on RUBISCO large subunit and ribosomal DNA sequences. J. Phycol. 37: 586-603.   DOI   ScienceOn
11 Dangeard P. 1962. Sur la reproduction et le developpement de Petalonia zosterifolia (Reinke) Kuntze. C. r. hebd. Seanc. Acad. Sci. 254: 1895-1896.
12 Setchell W.A. and Gardner N.L. 1925. The Marine algae of the Pacific coast of North America: Part III. Melanophyceae. Univ. Calif. Publ. Bot. 8: 383-898.
13 Kogame K.1998. A taxonomic study of Japanese Scytosiphon (Scytosiphonales, Phaeophyceae), including two new species. Phytol. Res. 46: 39-56.   DOI   ScienceOn
14 Muller D.G., Padori E.R. and Peters A.F. 1998. Asterocladon lobatum gen. et sp. nov., a new brown algal with stellate chloroplast arrangement, and its systematic position judged from nuclear rDNA sequences. Phycologia 37: 425-432.   DOI   ScienceOn
15 Kawai H., Muto H., Fuji T., and Kato A. 1995. A linked 5S rDNA gene in Scytosiphon lomentaria (Scytosiphonales, Phaeophyceae). J. Phycol. 31: 306-311.   DOI   ScienceOn
16 Wynne M.J. 1969. Life history and systematic studies of some Pacific North American Phaeophyceae (brown algae). Univ. Calif. Publ. Bot. 50: 1-88.
17 Swofford D.L. 2001. PAUP*: Phylogenetic Analysis Using Parsimony (*and Other Methods). version 4.0b8. Sinauer, Sunderland, MA.
18 Rousseau F. and Reviers B. de. 1999. Circumscription of the order Ectocarpales (Phaeophyceae): bibliographical synthesis and molecular evidence. Cryptogamie, Algol. 20: 5-18.   DOI   ScienceOn
19 Peters A.F. and Burkhardt E. 1998. Systematic position of the kelp endophyte Laminarionema elsbetiae (Ectocarpalcs sensu lato, Phaeophyceae) inferred from nuclear ribosomal DNA sequences. Phycologia 31: 114-120.   DOI   ScienceOn
20 Rosenvinge L.K. and Lund S. 1947. The marine algae of Denmark: Contributions to their natural history. Vol. II. Encoeliaceae, Mytriotrichiaceae, Giraudiaceae, Striariaceae, Dictyosiphonaceae, Chordaceae, and Laminariaceae. Kogel. Densk. Vidensk. Selsk., Bioi. Skr. 4: 1-99.
21 Stache-Crain B., Muller D.G., and Goff L.J. 1997. Molecular systematics of Ectocarpus and Kuckuckia (Ectocarpales, Phaeophyceae) inferred from phylogenetic analysis of nuclear- and plastid-encoded sequences. J. Phycol. 33: 152-168.   DOI   ScienceOn
22 Uwai S., Kogame K., and Masuda M. 2001. Reassessment of the taxonomic status of Elachista tenuis and related species (Elachistaceae, Phaeophyceae), based on culture studies and molecular phylogenetic analyses. Eur. J. Phycol. 36: 103-111.   DOI   ScienceOn
23 Kuntze O. 1898. Revisio generum plantarum. Part III (1). I-IV+1-202+1-576.
24 Peters A.F., van Oppen M. J.H., Wieneke C., Stam W.T. and Olsen J.L. 1997. Phylogeny and historical ecology of the Desmarestiaceae (Phaeophyceae) support a southern hemisphere origin. J. Phycol. 33: 294-309.   DOI   ScienceOn
25 Reinke J. 1889. Algenflora der westlichen Ostsee, Deutschen Antheils. Ber. comm. Wiss. Untersueh.dt. Meere 6: 1-101.
26 Kogame K., Horiguchi T., and Masuda M. 1999. Phylogeny of the order Scytosiphonales (Phaeophyceae) based on DNA sequences of rbcL, partial rbcS, and partial LSU nrDNA. Phycologia 38: 496-502.   DOI   ScienceOn
27 Fletcher R.L. 1987. Seaweeds of the British Isles. Vo. 3. Fucophyceae (Phaeophyceae). Part I. British Museum (Natural History), London.
28 Kogame K. and Kawai H. 1993. Morphology and life history of Petalonia zosterifolia (Reinke) Kuntze (Scytosiphonales, Phaeophyceae) from Japan. Jpn J. Phycol. 41: 29-37.