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The Effects of Task Difficulty Controlled by Surface Condition During Bridging Exercise on Relative Multifidus Activation Ratio  

Song, Eun-Ju (Dept. of Physical Therapy, The Graduate School, Daejeon University)
Choi, Jong-Duk (Dept. of Physical Therapy, College of Natural Science, Daejeon University)
Publication Information
Physical Therapy Korea / v.18, no.3, 2011 , pp. 59-66 More about this Journal
The purpose of this study is to examine the activity ratios of global trunk muscles and local trunk muscles in relation to adjustments in the level of task difficulty while performing stability exercises in easily applied bridging lumbar stabilization exercise. Twenty healthy subjects performed bridging lumbar stabilization exercise while the level of task difficulty was plate was used in the same posture for all the exercises. EMG was used to examine the activity ratios of the global muscles and multifidus in relation to the level of task difficulty. Moreover, the activity ratios of the multifidus muscle, the erector spinae and the gluteus maximus muscle were measured. A one-way ANOVA with repeated measures was used, and a Bonferroni correction was conducted (${\alpha}$=.05). When the bridging lumbar stabilization exercise were performed at different difficulty levels, the activity of the multifidus muscle, which is a local muscle, was high in all three exercises. Also, compared to low intensity and intermediate intensity exercises, high intensity exercises showed more significant differences (${\alpha}$=.05). Among all the muscles, the multifidus showed the highest activity at intermediate intensity. Based on these results, we suggest that in the case of bridging lumbar stabilization exercise, low intensity or intermediate intensity exercises are more suitable and efficient for local muscle stabilization.
Bridging exercise; Stability; Task difficulty; Trunk stabilizer;
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Times Cited By KSCI : 1  (Citation Analysis)
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