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Effects of 4 Weeks Bridging Stabilization Exercise Using Swiss Ball and Whole Body Vibration on Balance and Gait Function in Elderly Women  

Kim, Tack-Hoon (Dept. of Physical Therapy, Hanseo University)
Choi, Houng-Sik (Dept. of Physical Therapy, Hanseo University)
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Physical Therapy Korea / v.18, no.3, 2011 , pp. 49-58 More about this Journal
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of bridging stabilization exercise on balance ability and gait performance in elderly women. The subjects of this study were thirty-one elderly women over 65 years old in HongSung-Gun Senior Citizen Welfare Hall. The subjects were randomly assigned into one of three groups (trunk stabilization exercise on the mat, whole body vibration, and Swiss ball) and participated in each exercise program three times a week for 4 weeks. Each exercise began in the bridging position. The dynamic balance and gait were measured by limit of stability area using force plate, Berg Balance Scale (BBS), and Timed Up and Go Test (TUG). The results were as follows: 1) The limit of stability in three groups increased significantly in anterior-posterior and medial-lateral lean after 4-weeks intervention (p<.05). 2) There were no significant differences in the limit of stability among three groups after 4-weeks intervention (p>.05). 3) The BBS and TUG in three groups increased significantly after 4-weeks intervention (p<.05). 4) There were significant differences among three groups in BBS. Post-hoc test showed that Swiss ball exercise group was significantly higher than the mat and whole body vibration groups. 5) There were no significant differences TUG among three groups after 4-weeks intervention (p>.05). In conclusion, this study suggested that 4 weeks of the bridging stabilization exercises were effective on balance and gait in all three groups. Particularly Swiss ball exercise group showed higher improvement than two other exercise groups (mat, whole body vibration group).
Balance; Bridging stabilization; Elderly women; Gait; Swiss ball; Whole body vibration;
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Times Cited By KSCI : 3  (Citation Analysis)
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