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Influence of Internal and External Stabilization Methods During Prone Hip Extension on the Selective Activation of the Gluteus Maximus  

Noh, Kyung-Hee (Dept. of Physical Therapy, The Graduate School, Inje University)
Moon, Se-Na (Dept. of Physical Therapy, The Graduate School, Inje University)
Lee, Dong-Kyu (Dept. of Physical Therapy, The Graduate School, Inje University)
Yoon, Ji-Yeon (Dept. of Rehabilitation Science, The Graduate School, Inje University)
Kim, Tae-Ho (Dept. of Physical Therapy, Daegu Health College)
Oh, Jae-Seop (Dept. of Physical Therapy, College of Biomedical Science and Engineering, Inje University)
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Physical Therapy Korea / v.18, no.3, 2011 , pp. 1-7 More about this Journal
The effects of an abdominal drawing-in maneuver (ADIM) using a pressure bio-feedback unit (PBFU) were compared to the effects of a pelvic belt (PB) on the muscle activities of the hip and back extensor muscles during hip extension in the prone position. Fifteen healthy male participants all performed prone hip extensions under three conditions: 1) preferred hip extension (PHE), 2) performing an ADIM, and 3) using a PB. The muscle activities of the erector spinae, the gluteus maximus, and the medial hamstring on the right side were recorded by surface electromyography. The muscle activity of the erector spinae was significantly lower while performing an ADIM during prone hip extension than during PHE or with a PB (p<.05). Gluteus maximus muscle activity was significantly higher while performing an ADIM (p<.05). No significant difference was found for the medial hamstring muscle among the three conditions (p>.05). We concluded that the internal stabilization of the pelvis and lumbar spine afforded by the ADIM using a PBFU could be more effective than the external stabilization provided by a PB in terms of increasing selectively gluteus maximus activation during prone hip extension.
Abdominal drawing-in maneuver; Gluteus maximus; Pelvic belt; Prone hip extension;
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