Browse > Article

Therapeutic Rationale for Music Therapy Interventions With Older Adults: An Analysis of the Literature  

Kim, Ji Hyun (Artgiver Social cooperatives)
Publication Information
Journal of Music and Human Behavior / v.16, no.2, 2019 , pp. 53-77 More about this Journal
The purpose of this study was to review the literature on music interventions with older adults and to analyze the rationale for the type of intervention and type of music selected. A search of KCI journals for research including older adults and music-based interventions identified 33 published articles, and 23 of these studies met the criteria for inclusion in this analysis. Included studies were analyzed in terms of the contents of the interventions and the appropriateness of the rationale reported for selecting the intervention and music. Each study was analyzed in terms of the relevance of the reported rationale to target goals and the characteristics of the study participants. The results showed that many of the included studies incorporated a variety of activities but failed to include a valid rationale for using those activities to achieve the target goals. Also, many of the studies tended to select music based on participants' preferences or perceived familiarity without thorough consideration of the therapeutic function of music in the given intervention. This study presents how music therapy interventions with older adults have been conducted without sufficient attention to the selection of the intervention and presented music. There remains a need to delineate which intervention and music characteristics should be utilized to obtain particular outcomes with specific populations.
older adults; music intervention; therapeutic rationale; review;
Citations & Related Records
Times Cited By KSCI : 4  (Citation Analysis)
연도 인용수 순위
1 Choi, H. K. (2016). Social welfare for older persons. Seoul: Hakjisa.
2 Chong, H. J. (2015). Music therapy: Understanding and application (2nd ed.). Seoul: Ewha Womans University Press.
3 Chong, H. J., Lim, J. H., & Hwang, S. Y. (2018). Review of studies using a rhythm task intervention and the rationale for its formulation. Journal of Music and Hunan Behavior, 15(1), 95-118.
4 Jung, Y. R. (2015). Effects of song discussion on depression and rehabilitation motivation in stroke patients. Journal of Music and Human Behavior, 12(1), 43-64.   DOI
5 Kim, H. J., & Jung, J. W. (2013). A study on the effect of Korean traditional music therapy with on depression and quality of life of the elderly with mild dementia. Journal of Arts Psychotherapy, 9(3), 19-38.
6 Kim, H. Y., & Kang, Y. J. (2019). The development and effectiveness of a music therapy program through song autobiography for elderly christians. Korean Journal of Christian Counseling, 30(1), 105-129.   DOI
7 Kim, H. J., & Jung, J. W. (2013). A study on the effect of Korean traditional music therapy with on depression and quality of life of the elderly with mild dementia. Journal of Arts Psychotherapy, 9(3), 19-38.
8 Lee, S. E. (2019). An analysis of music intervention studies for children and adolescents with intellectual disability in Korea. Journal of Music and Hunan Behavior, 16(1), 1-24.
9 Lee, Y. B. N., & Kim, S. J. (2016). The use of music for healthy elderly: Literature review. Journal of the Korea Contents Association, 16(4), 335-346.   DOI
10 McDermott, O., Crellin, N., Ridder, H. M., & Orrell, M. (2013). Music therapy in dementia: A narrative synthesis systematic review. International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry, 28(8), 781-794.   DOI
11 Robb, S. L., Carpenter, J. S., & Burns, D. S. (2011). Reporting guidelines for music-based interventions. Journal of Health Psychology, 16(2), 342-352.   DOI
12 Kwon, J. I. (2009). Analysis of the tendency of research of Korean master's thesis about music therapy for the elderly(1998-2009) (Unpublished master's thesis). Sungshin University, Seoul.
13 Shin, M. H., & Kang, K. S. (2016). The effect of therapeutic instrumental music performance with MIDI keyboard on hand function in elderly patients with stroke hemiplegia. Journal of Rehabilitation Psychology, 23(1), 123-136.
14 Statistics Korea (2018). Statistics for the aged in 2018. Retrieved from
15 Kim, H. J. (2014). A meta analysis of the effects of music therapy for adults and the elderly (Unpublished doctoral dissertation). Daejeon University, Daejeon.
16 Wang, Y. J. (2017). The effects of music therapy for the elderly with dementia: A systematic review (Unpublished master's thesis). Myongji University, Seoul.