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A Comparison Between Music and Non-music Conditions in Reciprocal Attention Intervention for Improving Joint Attention Behaviors of Children With Autism Spectrum Disorder  

Jeong, Pil Eun (Ewha Music Wellness Center)
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Journal of Music and Human Behavior / v.14, no.2, 2017 , pp. 19-43 More about this Journal
This study aimed to examine the effects of a reciprocal attention intervention on the joint attention behaviors of children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) by comparing the music and nonmusic conditions. An alternating treatment design was applied as one of the single subject designs and the reciprocal attention intervention included music and nonmusic conditions implemented alternately within a session. The participants were four children between the ages 4 and 5 years and each participant who participated in 23 intervention sessions that followed the sequence of baseline (3 sessions), treatment (15 sessions), and follow-up (5 sessions). The music condition consisted of structured joint instrument playing, trials for attentional shift, and interactive instrument playing. The nonmusic condition consisted of joint toy play, trials for attentional shift, and turn taking-based play. The occurrence of target behaviors (i. e., joint attention behavior, eye gaze, and joint action) was analyzed across sessions. At pretest and posttest, the Early Social Communication Scale was administered. All participants showed increasing tendency in all target behaviors, but such occurrence was greater in the music condition than in the nonmusic condition. The findings support the use of a reciprocal attention intervention with musical stimuli to effectively improve joint attention in this population.
autism spectrum disorder; joint attention; structured instrument playing; single subject design;
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Times Cited By KSCI : 2  (Citation Analysis)
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