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The Features of Restricted Access to Information at European and East Asian Libraries  

Makhotina, Natalya (Department of Scientific Research and Methodical Work, State Public Scientific-Technological Library of the Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences)
Pshenichnaya, Evgeniya (Administrative Department, State Public Scientific Technological Library of the Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences)
Publication Information
Journal of Information Science Theory and Practice / v.9, no.3, 2021 , pp. 31-41 More about this Journal
The growing number of threats to society through the uncontrolled distribution of information is forcing library communities in many countries to reconsider their views on free access to collections. Based on the content of numerous documents of international importance, it can be concluded that in any democratic country access to information is one of the most important human rights, along with the right to life, liberty, and security of person. However, the state has the right to restrict citizens' access to information within the framework of existing legislation. Constantly, restrictions on access to information are established in order to protect the ethical foundations of the constitutional order, morality, health, rights, and legitimate interests of others, to ensure the country's defense and state security. It goes without saying that each country has the right to independently decide where the boundaries lie between permitted and prohibited information, including printed information, contained in library collections. This article describes three levels of access restriction: foreign, state, and regional. The authors have analyzed the legal and regulatory documents that govern libraries, as well as the reasons and methods of limitation. A comparative analysis of the restriction of access to information in the countries of Europe and Asia is presented.
restricted access to information; restricted collections in libraries; censorship; spetshran;
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