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Determinants of Adoption and Use of Open Access Publishing by Academic Staff in Nigeria Universities  

Bashorun, Musediq Tunji (Department of Library and Information Studies University of Botswana)
Jain, Priti (Department of Library and Information Studies University of Botswana)
Sebina, Peter M. (Department of Library and Information Studies University of Botswana)
Kalusopa, Trywell (Department of Information Studies University of Zululand)
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Journal of Information Science Theory and Practice / v.4, no.4, 2016 , pp. 49-63 More about this Journal
The emergence of the World Wide Web (WWW) has changed the scholarly publishing system. Today, Open Access (OA) scholarly publishing offers free access and wide dissemination for research findings anytime and anywhere as an additional value for scholarly content. Despite the potentials of OA publishing, its adoption and use is still low.This paper determines factors influencing the adoption and use of OA publishing by academic staff in universities in Nigeria using an adapted Unified Theory of Acceptance and Use Technology (UTAUT). The study applies methodological triangulation by combining quantitative and qualitative approaches. The empirical data were collected from 317 academic staff in universities in southwest Nigeria. The questionnaire forms were analyzed using the Statistical Package for Social Sciences (IBM-SPSS) 19.0 version to generate descriptive statistics, Analysis of Variance, and Hierarchical Multiple Regression. Thematically, analysis also applies to the interviews. The results show that awareness, attitude, performance expectancy, Internet self-efficacy, and facilitating conditions significantly influenced the adoption and use of OA publishing. The study also reveals that due to lack of OA policy, most of the respondents did not know about OA. The findings further establish that all predictors and moderating variables jointly contributed 64.4% total variance towards the adoption and use of OA publishing. One of the implications of this study is that there is a need for adequate facilities to support adoption and use of OA publishing. The findings inform the proposed framework for improving and evaluating the adoption and use of OA publishing. The findings also have theoretical, societal, and methodological significance to all stakeholders.
Adoption and Use; Open Access Publishing; World Wide Web; University; UTAUT; Nigeria;
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