Browse > Article

Organizational Justice and the Intent to Share: Knowledge Sharing Practices among Forensic Experts in Turkey  

Can, Ahmet (College of Information University of North Texas)
Hawamdeh, Suliman (College of Information University of North Texas)
Publication Information
Journal of Information Science Theory and Practice / v.1, no.4, 2013 , pp. 12-37 More about this Journal
Organizational climate and organization culture can be some of the leading factors in hindering knowledge sharing within the organization. It is generally accepted that successful knowledge management practice, including knowledge sharing, comes as a result of a conducive and knowledge sharing friendly environment. Organizations that promote and reward collective work generate a trustful and a more collaborative learning culture. The perception of fairness in an organization has been considered an important indicator of employee behavior, attitude, and motivation. This study investigates organizational justice perception and its impact on knowledge sharing practices among forensic experts in the Turkish National Police. The study findings revealed that senior officers, who are experts in the field, have the strongest organizational justice perception. Meanwhile, noncommissioned officers or technicians bear positive but comparatively weaker feelings about the existence of justice within the organization. The study argues that those who satisfy their career expectations tend to have a higher organizational justice perception.
Forensic Experts; Knowledge Sharing; Intention to share; Organization Justice; Turkish National Police;
Citations & Related Records
연도 인용수 순위
  • Reference
1 Adams, J. S. (1963). Toward an understanding of inequity. Journal of Abnormal and Social Psychology, 67, 422-436.   DOI
2 Aliei, M., Ashrafi, B., & Aghayan, S. (2011). Studying the relationship between organizational citizenship behavior and knowledge sharing (case study knowledge-based organizations). Interdisciplinary Journal of Contemporary Research in Business, 3(3), 341-348. Retrieved from 887725461?accountid=7113
3 Ajzen, I. (1985). From intentions to actions: A theory of planned behavior. In J. Kuhi & J. Beckmann (Eds.), Action control: From cognition to behavior (pp. 11-39).Heidelberg: Springer.
4 Ajzen, I. (1991). The theory of planned behavior. Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes, 50(2), 179-211.   DOI
5 Ajzen, I., & Fishbein, M. (1975) Factors influencing intentions and the intention-behavior relation. Human Relations, 27, 1-15.
6 Ajzen, I., & Fishbein, M. (1980). Understanding attitudes and predicting social behavior (Vol. 278, p. 278). Englewood Cliffs, NY: Prentice-Hall. Retrieved from
7 Al-Zu'bi, H. A. (2011). Organizational citizenship behavior and impacts on knowledge sharing: An empirical study. International Business Research, 4(3), 221-227. Retrieved from
8 Bock, G. W., Zmud, R. W., Kim, Y. G. & Lee, J. N. (2005). Behavioral intention formation in knowledge sharing: Examining the roles of extrinsic motivators, social psychological forces and organizational climate. MIS Quarterly, 29(1), 87-111.   DOI
9 Bryman, A. (2008). Social research methods (3rd ed). Oxford University Press.
10 Cakar, B. (2011). Factors affecting police officers' acceptance of GIS technologies: A study of the Turkish national police. ProQuest Dissertations and Theses, 131. Retrieved from http://search.proquest. com/docview/1012117755?accountid=7113.(1012117755).
11 Cerrah, I. (2006). Almanac Turkey 2005: Security sector democratic oversight. In U. Cizre (Ed.), Almanak Turkiye 2005; Guvenlik Sektoru ve Demokratik Gozetim. Istanbul: TESEV.
12 Chegini, M. G. (2009). The relationship between organizational justice and organizational citizenship behavior. American Journal of Economics and Business Administration, 1(2), 173. Retrieved from|A283835240/0b20f6d58f1b784e0d6791a0d798197c?u=txshracd2679   DOI
13 Cohen-Charash, Y., & Spector, P. E. (2001). The role of justice in organizations: A meta-analysis. Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes, Vol. 86, pp.278-321.   DOI   ScienceOn
14 Creswell, J. W. (2009). Research design: Qualitative, quantitative, and mixed methods approaches (3rd ed.). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications.
15 George, J., & Jones, G. (2007). Organizational Behavior. New York, NY: Addison-Wesley.
16 Crow, M. S., Lee, C. B., & Joo, J-J. (2012). Organizational justice and organizational commitment among South Korean police officers: An investigation of job satisfaction as a mediator. Policing: An International Journal of Police Strategies & Management, 35(2), 402-423.   DOI   ScienceOn
17 Davis, F. D. (1989). Perceived usefulness, perceived ease of use, and user acceptance of information technology. MIS Quarterly, 13(3), 319-340.   DOI   ScienceOn
18 Dillon, A., & Morris, M. (1996). User acceptance of information technology: Theories and models. Annual Review of Information Science and Technology, 31, 3-32.
19 Grant, R. M. (1991). The resource-based theory of competitive advantage: Implications for strategy formulation. California Management Review, 33(3), 114-114. Retrieved from   DOI   ScienceOn
20 Greenberg, J. (1990a). Approaching equity and avoiding inequity in groups and organizations. In J. Greenberg and R.L. Cohen (Eds.), Equity and justice in social behavior (pp. 389-435). New York: Academic Press, 1982.
21 Greenberg, J. (1990b). Organizational justice: Yesterday, today, and tomorrow. Journal of Management, 16(2), 399-432.
22 Greenberg, J., & Baron, R. A. (2003). Behavior in Organization: Understanding and managing the human side of work (8th ed). New Jersey: Prentice Hall.
23 Hale, J. L., Greene, K., & Rubin, D. L. (1997). A test of the theory of reasoned action in the context of condom use and AIDS. Communication Reports, 10(1), 21-33.   DOI   ScienceOn
24 Ibragimova, B. (2006). Propensity for knowledge sharing: An organizational justice perspective.? (Unpublished doctoral dissertation). University of North Texas, Denton, TX.
25 Teece, D. J. (2000). Strategies for Managing Knowledge Assets: The Role of Firm Structure and Industrial Context. Long Range Planning, 33(1), 35-54.   DOI   ScienceOn
26 Sillito-Walker, S. (2009). Delivering justice: Relational self-construal and the production of procedural, interpersonal, and informational fairness. The University of Utah. (ProQuest Dissertations and Theses, 198). Retrieved from (305006302).
27 Simons, T., & Roberson, Q. (2003). Why managers should care about fairness: The effects of aggregate justice perceptions on organizational outcomes. Journal of Applied Psychology, 88(3), 432-443. doi:10. 1037/0021-9010.88.3.432   DOI   ScienceOn
28 Tao, D. (2008). Using theory of reasoned action (TRA) in understanding selection and use of information sources: An information resource selection and use model. (Unpublished dissertation thesis), University of Missouri-Columbia.
29 Tombul, F. (2011). The impact of leadership styles and knowledge sharing on police officers' willingness to exert extra effort to provide better security: a study in the riot unit of the Turkish national police. (Unpublished doctoral dissertation, University of North Texas, Denton, TX).
30 Weller, L. D. (1995). The equity factor: a vital part of the quality equation. Quality Assurance in Education, 3(4), 44-50.   DOI   ScienceOn
31 Ozcan, Y. Z., & Gultekin, R. (2000). Police and politics in Turkey. Web Journal of British Society of Criminology Proceedings III.
32 Marshall, C., & Rossman, G. (1989). Designing qualitative research. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications.
33 Jafari, P., & Bidarian, S. (2012). The relationship between organizational justice and organizational citizenship behavior. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 47, 1815-1820. Retrieved from   DOI
34 Jamaludin, Z. (2011). Developing a "Tough to Copy" competitive advantage (Organizational Commitment) through perceived organizational justice. Journal of Global Management, 1(1), 56-69.
35 Madden, T. J., Ellen, P. S., & Ajzen, I. (1992). A comparison of the theory of planned behavior and the theory of reasoned action. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 18(1), 3-9.   DOI
36 Moorman, R. H. (1991). Relationship between organizational justice and organizational citizenship behaviors: Do fairness perceptions influence employee citizenship? Journal of Applied Psychology, 76(6), 845-855.   DOI
37 Organ, D. W. (1988). Organizational citizenship behavior: The good soldier syndrome. Lexington, MA: Lexington Books.
38 Organ, D. W. (1997). Organizational citizenship behavior: It's construct clean-up time. Human Performance, 10(2), 85-97.   DOI   ScienceOn
39 Rhoades, L., & Eisenberger, R., & Armeli, S. (2001). Affective commitment to the organization: The contribution of perceived organizational support. Journal of Applied Psychology, 86, 825-836.   DOI   ScienceOn
40 Rogers, E. M. (1995). Diffusion of innovations (4th ed). New York: The Free Press.