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Domain Adaptation for Opinion Classification: A Self-Training Approach  

Yu, Ning (School of Library and Information Science University of Kentucky)
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Journal of Information Science Theory and Practice / v.1, no.1, 2013 , pp. 10-26 More about this Journal
Domain transfer is a widely recognized problem for machine learning algorithms because models built upon one data domain generally do not perform well in another data domain. This is especially a challenge for tasks such as opinion classification, which often has to deal with insufficient quantities of labeled data. This study investigates the feasibility of self-training in dealing with the domain transfer problem in opinion classification via leveraging labeled data in non-target data domain(s) and unlabeled data in the target-domain. Specifically, self-training is evaluated for effectiveness in sparse data situations and feasibility for domain adaptation in opinion classification. Three types of Web content are tested: edited news articles, semi-structured movie reviews, and the informal and unstructured content of the blogosphere. Findings of this study suggest that, when there are limited labeled data, self-training is a promising approach for opinion classification, although the contributions vary across data domains. Significant improvement was demonstrated for the most challenging data domain-the blogosphere-when a domain transfer-based self-training strategy was implemented.
Domain adaptation; Opinion classification; Self-training; Semi-supervised learning; Sentiment analysis; Machine learning;
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