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Exposure Assessments for Children in Homes and in Daycare Centers to NO2, PMs and Black Carbon  

Lee, Jae Young (Institute of Health and Environment and Graduate School of Public Health, Seoul National University)
Kim, Changhyeok (Center for Environment, Health and Welfare Research, Korea Institute of Science and Technology (KIST))
Kim, Jongbum (Center for Environment, Health and Welfare Research, Korea Institute of Science and Technology (KIST))
Ryu, Sung Hee (Research Management Team, R&D Center for Green Patrol Technologies)
Bae, Gwi-Nam (Center for Environment, Health and Welfare Research, Korea Institute of Science and Technology (KIST))
Publication Information
Asian Journal of Atmospheric Environment / v.12, no.3, 2018 , pp. 204-214 More about this Journal
Indoor air quality was investigated in homes and daycares located in areas with heavy traffic in Seoul, South Korea from November 2013 to January 2014. Indoor and outdoor air quality measurements were collected for 48 hours in four children's homes and daycare centers. The I/O ratio (Indoor to outdoor ratio) for each major air pollutant ($NO_2$, black carbon, $PM_{10}$, and $PM_{2.5}$) was calculated, and $NO_2$ and $PM_{10}$ concentration profiles were analyzed based on indoor activity diaries recorded during the 48 hours. Most I/O ratios for $NO_2$, black carbon, $PM_{10}$, and $PM_{2.5}$ at daycare centers were less than one. At homes, I/O ratios for black carbon, $PM_{10}$, and $PM_{2.5}$ were less than one; however, most I/O ratios for $NO_2$ were greater than one due to the usage of gas stoves. The children's exposure to indoor air pollutants was calculated using a time-weighted average exposure method, and the daily intake level for each pollutant was determined.
Indoor air quality; Air pollutants; Children; I/O ratio; Exposure assessment;
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