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Observation of Secondary Organic Aerosol and New Particle Formation at a Remote Site in Baengnyeong Island, Korea  

Choi, Jinsoo (Climate & Air Quality Research Department, National Institute of Environmental Research)
Choi, Yongjoo (Department of Environmental Science, Hankuk University of Foreign Studies)
Ahn, Junyoung (Climate & Air Quality Research Department, National Institute of Environmental Research)
Park, Jinsoo (Climate & Air Quality Research Department, National Institute of Environmental Research)
Oh, Jun (Climate & Air Quality Research Department, National Institute of Environmental Research)
Lee, Gangwoong (Department of Environmental Science, Hankuk University of Foreign Studies)
Park, Taehyun (Department of Environmental Science, Hankuk University of Foreign Studies)
Park, Gyutae (Department of Environmental Science, Hankuk University of Foreign Studies)
Owen, Jeffrey S. (Department of Environmental Science, Hankuk University of Foreign Studies)
Lee, Taehyoung (Department of Environmental Science, Hankuk University of Foreign Studies)
Publication Information
Asian Journal of Atmospheric Environment / v.11, no.4, 2017 , pp. 300-312 More about this Journal
To improve the understanding of secondary organic aerosol (SOA) formation from the photo-oxidation of anthropogenic and biogenic precursors at the regional background station on Baengnyeong Island, Korea, gas phase and aerosol chemistries were investigated using the Proton Transfer Reaction Time of Flight Mass Spectrometer (PTR-ToF-MS) and the Aerodyne High Resolution Time of Flight Aerosol Mass Spectrometer (HR-ToF-AMS), respectively. HR-ToF-AMS measured fine particles ($PM_1$; diameter of particle matter less than $1{\mu}m$) at a 6-minute time resolution from February to November 2012, while PTR-ToF-MS was deployed during an intensive period from September 21 to 29, 2012. The one-minute time-resolution and high mass resolution (up to $4000m{\Delta}m^{-1}$) data from the PTR-ToF-MS provided the basis for calculations of the concentrations of anthropogenic and biogenic volatile organic compounds (BVOCs) including oxygenated VOCs (OVOCs). The dominant BVOCs from the site are isoprene (0.23 ppb), dimethyl sulphide (DMS, 0.20 ppb), and monoterpenes (0.38 ppb). Toluene (0.45 ppb) and benzene (0.32 ppb) accounted for the majority of anthropogenic VOCs (AVOCs). OVOCs including acetone (3.98 ppb), acetaldehyde (2.67 ppb), acetic acid (1.68 ppb), and formic acid (2.24 ppb) were measured. The OVOCs comprise approximately 75% of total measured VOCs, suggesting the occurrence of strong oxidation processes and/or long-range transported at the site. A strong photochemical aging and oxidation of the atmospheric pollutants were also observed in aerosol measured by HR-ToF-AMS, whereby a high $f_{44}:f_{43}$ value is shown for organic aerosols (OAs); however, relatively low $f_{44}:f_{43}$ values were observed when high concentrations of BVOCs and AVOCs were available, providing evidence of the formation of SOA from VOC precursors at the site. Overall, the results of this study revealed several different SOA formation mechanisms, and new particle formation and particle growth events were identified using the powerful tools scanning mobility particle sizer (SMPS), PTR-ToF-MS, and HR-ToF-AMS.
HR-ToF-AMS; PTR-ToF-MS; Baengnyeong Island; Volatile organic compounds; Photochemical reaction;
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