Browse > Article

A Review of Some Representative Techniques for Controlling the Indoor Volatile Organic Compounds  

Kabir, Ehsanul (Department of Farm, Power & Machinery, Bangladesh Agricultural University)
Kim, Ki-Hyun (Department of Environment & Energy, Sejong University)
Publication Information
Asian Journal of Atmospheric Environment / v.6, no.3, 2012 , pp. 137-146 More about this Journal
Poor indoor air quality is now worldwide concern due to its adverse impacts on our health and environment. Moreover, these impacts carry a significant burden to the economy. Various technical approaches (e.g., biological, activated carbon fiber (ACF), photocatlytic oxidation (PCO), etc.) have gained popularity in controlling indoor volatile organic compounds (VOCs). This is because removing indoor VOC sources or increasing ventilation rates is often not feasible or economical. This review provides an overview of the various air purification technologies used widely to improve indoor air quality. Although most of these technologies are very useful to remove indoor VOCs, there is no single fully satisfactory method due to their diversity and presence at the low concentration. To achieve technical innovations and the development of specific testing protocols, one should possess a better knowledge on the mechanisms of substrate uptake at VOC concentrations.
Volatile organic compounds (VOCs); Indoor air quality; Biological treatment; Activated carbon fiber (ACF); Photocatlytic oxidation (PCO);
Citations & Related Records
연도 인용수 순위
  • Reference
1 Runeson, R., Wahlstedt, K., Wieslander, G., Norback, D. (2006) Personal and psychosocial factors and symptoms compatible with sick building syndrome in the Swedish workforce. Indoor Air 16, 445-453.   DOI   ScienceOn
2 Salthammer, T. (1997) Emission of volatile organic compounds from furniture coatings. Indoor Air 7, 189-197.   DOI   ScienceOn
3 Sandhu, A., Halverson, L.J., Beattie, G.A. (2007) Bacterial degradation of airborne phenol in the phyllosphere. Environmental Microbiology 9, 383-392.   DOI   ScienceOn
4 Schaffner, A., Messner, B., Langebartels, C., Sandermann, H. (2002) Genes and enzymes for inplanta phytoremediation of air, water and soil. Acta Biotechnologica 22, 141-52.   DOI
5 Schmitz, H., Hilger, U., Weinder, M. (2000) Assimilation and metabolism of formaldehyde by leaves appear unlikely to be of value for indoor air purification. New Phytologist 147, 307-315.   DOI   ScienceOn
6 Shen, Y.S., Ku, Y. (2002) Decomposition of gas-phase trichloroethene by the UV/$TiO_{2}$ process in the presence of ozone. Chemosphere 46, 101-107.   DOI   ScienceOn
7 Liu, R.T. (1992) An in-situ regenerative adsorber for the control of indoor VOCs activated carbon fibers. Proceedings of IAQ'92. Atlanta: ASHRAE 257-261.
8 Liu, X. (2007) Identification of appropriate CFD models for simulating aerosol particle and droplet indoor transport. Indoor and Built Environment 16, 322-330.   DOI   ScienceOn
9 Lorimier, C., Subrenat, A., Le-Coq, L., Le-Cloirec, P. (2005) Adsorption of toluene onto activated carbon fibre cloths and felts: application to indoor air treatment. Environmental Technology 26(11), 1217-1230.   DOI   ScienceOn
10 Wolverton, B.C., Johnson, A., Bounds, K. (1989) Interior landscape plants for indoor air pollution abatement, National Aeronautics and Space Administration 1-22.
11 Wolverton, B.C., McDonald, R.C., Watkins, Jr. E.A. (1984) Foliage plants for removing indoor air pollutants from energy-efficient homes. Economic Botany 38, 224-228.   DOI
12 Wolverton, B.C., Wolverton, J.D. (1993) Plants and soil microorganisms: removal of formaldehyde, xylene, and ammonia from the indoor environment. Journal of the Mississippi Academy of Sciences 38(2), 11-15.
13 Yang, D.S., Pennisi, S.V., Son, Ki-C, Kays, S.J. (2009) Screening indoor plants for volatile organic pollutant removal efficiency. HortScience 44, 1377-1381.
14 Newman, L.A., Reynolds, C.M. (2004) Phytodegradation of organic compounds. Current Opinion in Biotechnology 15, 225-230.   DOI   ScienceOn
15 Lu, Y., Liu, J., Lu, B., Jiang, A., Wan, C. (2010) Study on the removal of indoor VOCs using biotechnology. Journal Hazardous Materials 182, 204-209.   DOI   ScienceOn
16 Miekisch, W., Schubert, J.K., Noeldge-Schomburg, G.F.E. (2004) Diagnostic potential of breath analysis-focus on volatile organic compounds. Clinica Chimica Acta 347, 25-39.   DOI   ScienceOn
17 Mo, J., Zhang, Y., Xu, Q., Lamson, J.J., Zh, R. (2009) Photocatalytic purification of volatile organic compounds in indoor air: A literature review. Atmospheric Environment 43, 2229-2246.   DOI   ScienceOn
18 Orwell, L.R., Wood, L.R., Tarran, J., Torpy, F., Burchett, D.M. (2004) Removal of benzene by the indoor plant/ substrate microorganism and implications for air quality. Water, Air, and Soil Pollution 157, 193-207.   DOI   ScienceOn
19 Orwell, R., Wood, R., Burchett, M., Tarran, J., Torpy, F. (2006) The potted-plant microcosm substantially reduces indoor air VOC pollution: II. Laboratory study. Water, Air, and Soil Pollution 177, 59-80.   DOI   ScienceOn
20 Phillips, M. (1997) Method for the collection and assay of volatile organic compounds in breath. Analytical Biochemistry 247, 272-278.   DOI   ScienceOn
21 Jo, W.K., Park, J.H., Chun, H.D. (2002) Photocatalytic destruction of VOCs for in-vehicle air cleaning. Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology A: Chemistry 148, 109-119.   DOI   ScienceOn
22 Khoukhi, M., Yoshino, H., Liu, J. (2007) The effect of the wind speed velocity on the stack pressure in mediumrise buildings in cold region of China. Building and Environment 42, 1081-1088.   DOI   ScienceOn
23 Kostiainen, R. (1995) Volatile organic compounds in the indoor air of normal and sick houses. Atmospheric Environment 29, 693-702.   DOI   ScienceOn
24 Kim, S.B., Hong, S.C. (2002) Kinetic study for photocatalytic degradation of volatile organic compounds in air using thin film $TiO_{2}$ photocatlyst. Applied Catalysis B: Environmental 35, 305-315.   DOI   ScienceOn
25 Kirchnerova, J., Cohen, M.L.H., Guy, C., Klvana, D. (2005) Photocatalytic oxidation of nbutanol under fluorescent visible light lamp over commercial $TiO_{2}$ (Hombicat UV100 and Degussa P25). Applied Catalysis A: General 282, 321-332.   DOI   ScienceOn
26 Klepeis, N.E., Nelson, W.C., Ott, W.R., Robinson, J.P., Tsang, A.M., Switzer, P., Behar, J.V., Hern, S.C., Engelmann, W.H. (2001) The national human activity pattern survey (NHAPS): a resource for assessing exposure to environmental pollutants. Journal of Exposure Analysis and Environmental Epidemiology 11, 231- 252.   DOI   ScienceOn
27 Li, D., Haneda, H., Hishita, S., Ohashi, N. (2005a) Visiblelight- driven nitrogen-doped $TiO_{2}$ photocatalysts: effect of nitrogen precursors on their photocatalysis for decomposition of gas-phase organic pollutants. Materials Science and Engineering: B 117, 67-75.   DOI   ScienceOn
28 Li, F.B., Li, X.Z., Ao, C.H., Lee, S.C., Hou, M.F. (2005b) Enhanced photocatalytic degradation of VOCs using $Ln^{3+}$-$TiO_{2}$ catalysts for indoor air purification. Chemosphere 59, 787-800.   DOI   ScienceOn
29 Fisk, W.J. (2007) Can sorbent-based gas phase air cleaning for VOCs substitute for ventilation in commercial buildings? In Proceedings of the IAQ 2007 Healthy and Sustainable Buildings. Atlanta: ASHRAE.
30 Fjeld, T. (2002) The effects of plants and artificial daylight on the well-being and health of office workers, school children and health-care personnel, Proceedings of International Plants for People Symposium, Floriade, Amsterdam, NL.
31 Girman, J., Phillips, T., Levin, H. (2009) Critical review: how well do house plants perform as indoor air cleaners? Proceedings of Healthy Buildings 23, 667-672.
32 Guieysse, B., Hort, C., Platel, V., Munoz, R., Ondarts, M., Revah, S. (2008) Biological treatment of indoor air for VOC removal: Potential and challenges. Biotechnology Advances 26, 398-410.   DOI   ScienceOn
33 Haghighat, F., Lee, C.-S., Pant, B., Bolourani, G., Lakdawala, N., Bastani, A. (2008) Evaluation of various activated carbons for air cleaning towards design of immune and sustainable buildings. Atmospheric Environment 42, 8176-8184.   DOI   ScienceOn
34 Hodgson, A.T., Destaillats, H., Sullivan, D.P., Fisk, W.J. (2007) Performance of ultraviolet photocatalytic oxidation for indoor air cleaning applications. Indoor Air 17, 305-316.   DOI   ScienceOn
35 Hoffmann, M.R., Martin, S.T., Choi, W., Bahnemann, D.W. (1995) Environmental applicationof semiconductor photocatalysis. Chemistry Reviews 95, 69-96.   DOI   ScienceOn
36 Huang, Y.C., Luo, C.-H., Yang, S., Lin, Y.-C., Chuang, C.-Y. (2010) Improved removal of indoor volatile organic compounds by activated carbon fiber filters calcined with copper oxide catalyst. CLEAN-Soil, Air, Water 38(11), 993-997.   DOI
37 Hudnell, H.K., Otto, D.A., House, D.E., Mølhave, L. (1992) Exposure of humans to a volatile organic mixture II. Sensory. Archives of Environmental Health 47, 31-38.   DOI
38 Brown, S.K. (1997) Volatile organic compounds in indoor air: sources and control. Chemistry in Australia 64, 10- 13.
39 Burchett, M.D., Torpy, F., Tarran, J. (2008) Interior plants for sustainable facility ecology and workplace productivity, Proceedings of Ideaction'08-Enabling Sustainable Communities, Qld.
40 Burchett, M.D. (2005) Improving Indoor Environmental Quality Through the Use of Indoor Potted Plants. Final Report to Horticulture Australia Ltd, Sydney.
41 Cao, L.X., Gao, Z., Suib, S.L., Obee, T.N., Hay, S.O., Freihaut, J.D. (2000) Photocatalytic oxidation of toluene on nanoscale $TiO_{2}$ catalysts: studies of deactivation and regeneration. Journal of Catalysis 196, 253-261.   DOI   ScienceOn
42 Claudio, L. (2011) Planting Healthier Indoor Air. Environ Health Perspect. Available at:   DOI
43 Das, D., Gaur, V., Verma, N. (2004) Removal of volatile organic compound by activated carbon fiber. Carbon 42, 2949-2962.   DOI   ScienceOn
44 Dombrowski, K.D., Lehmann, C.M.B., Sullivan, P.D., Ramirez, D., Rood, M.J., Hay, K.J. (2004) Organic vapor recovery and energy efficiency during electric regeneration of an activated carbon fiber cloth adsorber. Journal of Environmental Engineering 130(3), 268-275.   DOI   ScienceOn
45 Dvoranova, D., Brezova, V., Mazur, M., Malati, M.A. (2002) Investigations of metal-doped titanium dioxide photocatalysts. Applied Catalysis B: Environmental 37, 91-105.   DOI   ScienceOn
46 Ekberg, L.A. (1994) Volatile organic compounds in office buildings. Atmospheric Environment 28, 3571-3575.   DOI   ScienceOn
47 Fisk, J.W. (2000) Review of health and productivity gains from better IEQ. In Proceedings of Health Buildings, August 6-10, SIY Indoor Air Information, Oy, Helsinki.
48 Bastani, A., Lee, C.-S., Haghighat, F., Flaherty, C., Lakdawala, N. (2010) Assessing the performance of air cleaning devices e A full-scale test method. Building and Environment 45, 143-149.   DOI   ScienceOn
49 Ao, C.H., Lee, S.C. (2003) Enhancement effect of TiO2 immobilized on activated carbon filter for the photodegradation of pollutants at typical indoor air level. Applied Catalysis B: Environmental 44, 191-205.   DOI   ScienceOn
50 Ao, C.H., Lee, S.C. (2004) Combination effect of activated carbon with $TiO_{2}$ for the photodegradation of binary pollutants at typical indoor air level. Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology A: Chemistry 161, 131- 140.   DOI   ScienceOn
51 Belver, C., Bellod, R., Fuerte, A., Fernandez-Garcia, M. (2006) Nitrogen-containing $TiO_{2}$ photocatalysts: Part 1. Synthesis and solid characterization. Applied Catalysis B: Environmental 65, 301-308.   DOI   ScienceOn
52 Benne, K., Griffith, B. (2009) Assessment of the energy impacts of outside air in the commercial sector. NREL/ TP-550-41955. Golden, CO, National Renewable Energy Laboratory.
53 Yu, Q.L., Brouwers, H.J.H. (2009) Indoor air purification using heterogeneous photocatalytic oxidation. Part I: Experimental study. Applied Catalysis B: Environmental 92, 454-461.   DOI   ScienceOn
54 Yao, M., Zhang, Q., Hand, D.W., Perram, D.L., Taylor, R. (2009a) Investigation of the treatability of the primary indoor volatile organic compounds on activated carbon fiber cloths at typical indoor concentrations. Journal of the Air & Waste Management Association 59(7), 882-890.   DOI
55 Yao, M., Zhang, Q., Hand, D.W., Perram, D.L., Taylor, R. (2009b) Adsorption and regeneration on activated carbon fiber cloth for volatile organic compounds at indoor concentration levels. Journal of the Air & Waste Management Association 59(1), 31-66.   DOI
56 Yu, C., Crump, D. (1998) A review of the emission of VOCs from polymeric materials used in buildings. Building and Environment 33, 357-374.   DOI   ScienceOn
57 Yu, Q.L., Brouwers, H.J.H., Ballari, M.M. (2009) Experimental study and modeling of the photocatalytic oxidation of NO in indoor conditions. 3rd international symposium on nanotechnology in construction, Prage, Czech Republic.
58 Zhao, J., Yang, X. (2003) Photocatalytic oxidation for indoor air purification: a literature review. Building and Environment 38, 645-654.   DOI   ScienceOn
59 Sidheswaran, M.A., Destaillats, H., Sullivan, D.P., Cohna, S., Fisk, W.F. (2012) Energy efficient indoor VOC air cleaning with activated carbon fiber (ACF) filters. Building and Environment 47, 357-367.   DOI   ScienceOn
60 Shiraishi, F., Toyoda, K., Miyakawa, H. (2005) Decomposition of gaseous formaldehyde in a photocatalytic reactor with a parallel array of light sources-2. Reactor performance. Chemical Engineering Journal 114, 145- 151.   DOI   ScienceOn
61 Stevens, L., Lanning, J.A., Anderson, L.G., Jacoby, W.A., Chornet, N. (1998) Investigation of the photocatalytic oxidation of low-level carbonyl compounds. Journal of the Air & Waste Management Association 48, 979- 984.   DOI
62 Tompkins, D.T., Lawnicki, B.J., Zeltner, W.A., Anderson, M.A. (2005) Evaluation of photocatalysis for gas-phase air cleaning-Part 1: process, technical and sizing considerations. ASHRAE Transactions 111, 60-64.
63 Strini, A., Cassese, S., Schiavi, L. (2005) Measurement of benzene, toluene, ethylbenzene and o-xylene gas phase photodegradation by titanium dioxide dispersed in cementitious materials using a mixed flow reactor. Applied Catalysis B-Environmental 61, 90-97.   DOI   ScienceOn
64 Sundell, J. (2004). On the history of indoor air quality and health. Indoor Air 14, 51-58.
65 Tarran, J., Torpy, F., Burchett, M. (2007) Use of living pot-plants to cleanse indoor air- Research Review. Proceedings of Sixth International Conference on Indoor Air Quality, Ventilation & Energy Conservation in Buildings-Sustainable Built Environment, Sendai, Japan, Volume III, 249-256.
66 Tucker, W.C. (2001) Volatile organic compounds in indoor air quality handbook. (e.d. J.D. Spengler, J.M. Samet, and J.F. McCarthy), McGraw-Hill, New York.
67 USEPA (2002) Child-specific Exposure Factors Handbook. EPA/600/P-00/002B. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, National Center for Environmental Assessment, Washington, DC.
68 Pichat, P., Disdier, J., Hoang-Van, C., Mas, D., Goutailler, G., Gaysse, C. (2000) Purification/ deodorization of indoor air and gaseous effluents by $TiO_{2}$ photocatalysis. Catalysis Today 63, 363-369.   DOI   ScienceOn
69 Ramirez, D., Qi, S., Rood, M.J. (2005) Equilibrium and heat of adsorption for organic vapors and activated carbons. Environmental Science and Technology 39, 5864-5871.   DOI   ScienceOn
70 Robinson, J., Nelson, W.C. (1995) The National Human Activity Pattern Survey Data Base. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), Research Triangle Park, NC.
71 Wolkoff, P., Nielsen, G.D. (2001) Organic compounds in indoor air their relevance for perceived indoor air quality? Atmospheric Environment 35, 4407-4417.   DOI   ScienceOn
72 Wang, S., Ang, H.M., Tade, M.O. (2007) Volatile organic compounds in indoor environment and photocatalytic oxidation: State of the art. Environment International 33(5), 694-705.   DOI   ScienceOn
73 Wolkoff, P. (2003) Trends in Europe to reduce the indoor air pollution of VOCs. Indoor Air 13, 5-11.   DOI   ScienceOn
74 Wolkoff, P., Clausen, P.A., Jensen, B., Nielsen, G.D., Wilkins, C.K. (1997) Are we measuring the relevant indoor pollutants? Indoor Air 7, 92-106.   DOI   ScienceOn
75 Wood, R.A., Burchett, M.A., Alquezar, R., Orwell, R.L., Tarran, J., Torpy, F. (2006) The potted-plant microcosm substantially reduces indoor air VOC pollution: I. Office field-study. Water Air Soil Pollut 175, 163-180.   DOI   ScienceOn
76 Wood, R.A., Orwell, R.L., Burchett, M.D., Tarran, J., Torpy, F. (2003) Pottedplant/growth media interactions and capacities for removal of volatiles from indoor air. In Proceedings of Healthy Buildings 2003, 7th International Healthy Buildings Conference (Tham, K.W., Sekhar, C. and Cheong, D. Eds.), National University of Singapore.