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A Study on the Emission Characteristics and Prediction of Volatile Organic Compounds from Floor and Furniture  

Pang, Seung-Ki (Department of Building Services & Control Sytem, Kyungmin College)
Sohn, Jang-Yeul (School of Architecture, Hanyang University)
Chung, Kwang-Seop (School of Architecture, Seoul National University of Technology)
Publication Information
International Journal of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration / v.13, no.2, 2005 , pp. 89-98 More about this Journal
In this study, indoor VOCs concentration emitted from floor and furniture was measured after the installation of floor and furniture in a real residence. With the measured data, prediction method and predication equations for indoor concentration of each VOCs and BTEX were developed. The following conclusions were drawn from this study. First, according to the predicted results of concentration decrease of BTEX (benzene, toluene, ethylbenzene, m,p,o-xylene) after the installation of floor in a real residence, prediction equation can be expressed using exponential function. Second, in case of floor, more reliable prediction equation can be obtained by using cumulative value of indoor concentration than by using just hourly measured value directly. Indoor concentration of benzene can be expressed as $y=408.52(1­e^{-00031{\times}time})$ with $R^2$ of 0.94 which is significantly high value. Third, toluene showed the highest concentration in case of furniture installation indoors, and it needed the longest time for concentration decrease. However, other substances except toluene showed constant concentration throughout the measurement period. Fourth, in case of furniture installation indoors, prediction equation of toluene concentration decrease is estimated to be $y= 3616.3{\times}e^{(-0.1091{\times}time)}+513.96{\times}e^{(-0.0006{\times}time)}\;with\; R^2$ of 0.95 which is significantly high value.
Indoor air quality (IAQ); Ventilation, VOCs (volatile organic compounds); Furniture;
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