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The Effect of Turbulence Penetration on the Thermal Stratification Phenomenon Caused by Coolant Leaking in a T-Branch of Square Cross-Section  

Choi, Young-Don (Department of Mechanical Engineering, Korea University)
Hong, Seok-Woo (Graduate School, Korea University)
Park, Min-Soo (Graduate School, Korea University)
Publication Information
International Journal of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration / v.11, no.2, 2003 , pp. 51-60 More about this Journal
Abstract
In the nuclear power plant, emergency core coolant system (ECCS) is furnished at reactor coolant system (RCS) in order to cool down high temperature water in case of emergency. However, in this coolant system, thermal stratification phenomenon can occur due to coolant leaking in the check valve. The thermal stratification produces excessive thermal stresses at the pipe wall so as to yield thermal fatigue crack (TFC) accident. In the present study, effects of turbulence penetration on the thermal stratification into T-branches with square cross-section in the modeled ECCS are analysed numerically. Standard k-$\varepsilon$ model is employed to calculate the Reynolds stresses in momentum equations. Results show that the length and strength of thermal stratification are primarily affected by the leak flow rate of coolant and the Reynolds number of duct. Turbulence penetration into the T-branch of ECCS shows two counteracting effects on the thermal stratification. Heat transport by turbulence penetration from main duct to leaking flow region may enhance thermal stratification while the turbulent diffusion may weaken it.
Keywords
Thermal stratification; Turbulence penetration; T-branch; Emergency core coolant system;
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