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Effect of Micro Grooves on the Performance of Condensing Heat Transfer of the Micro Grooved Thermosyphons  

Han, Kyu-Il (School of Mechanical Engineering, Pukyong University)
Cho, Dong-Hyun (Department of Mechanical Design Engineering, Daejin University)
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International Journal of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration / v.10, no.4, 2002 , pp. 184-191 More about this Journal
This study concerns the performance of the condensing heat transfer performance of two-phase closed thermosyphons with plain copper tube and tubes having 50, 60, 70, 80, 90 internal micro grooves. Distilled water, methanol, ethanol have been used as the working fluid. The numbers of grooves and operating temperature have been investigated as the experimental parameters. Condensing heat transfer coefficients and heat flux are obtained from experimental data for each case of specific parameter. The experimental results are assessed and compared with existing correlations. The results show that working fluids, numbers of grooves are very important factors for the operation of thermosyphons. The working fluid with high latent heat such as water has a good heat transfer rate compared to methanol and ethanol. The relatively high rate of heat transfer is achieved when the thermosyphon with internal micro grooves is used compared to that with plain tube. Condensing heat transfer coefficient of grooved thermosyphon is 1.5∼2 times higher in methanol and 1.3∼l.5 times higher in ethanol compared to plain tube. The best condensation heat transfer performance is obtained for 60 grooves, and the maximum value of this case is 2.5 times higher than that of the plain tube.
Two-phase closed thermosyphon; Condensation; Condensing heat transfer coefficient; Working fluid; Micro grooves;
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