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Effects of Temperature Coefficients for Dielectric Constants on Thermoreflectances and Thermal Responses of Metal Thin Films Exposed to Ultrashort Pulse Laser Beams  

Seungho Park (Department of Mechanical and System Design Engineering, Hongik University)
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International Journal of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration / v.10, no.1, 2002 , pp. 1-9 More about this Journal
Effects of temperature coefficients fur dielectric constants on transient reflectances and thermal responses have been investigated for a metal(gold) thin-film during ultrashort pulse laser heating. Heating processes are simulated using the conventional conduction model(parabolic one-step, POS), the parabolic tow-step model(PTS), the hyperbolic two-step model(HTS). Results fro the HTS model are very similar to those from the PTS model, since the laser heating time in this study is considerably greater than the electron relaxation time. PTS and HTS models, however, result in completely different temperature profiles from those obtained by the POS model due to slow electron-lattice interactions compared to laser pulse duration. Transient reflectances are directly estimated from the linear relationship between electron temperature and complex dielectric constants, while conventional approaches assume that the change in reflectances is proportional to that in temperatuer. Reflectances at the front surface vary considerably for various dielectric constants, while those at the rear surface remain unchanged relatively.
Metal thin-film; Ultrashort pulse laser heating; Microscale heat transfer; Transient thermoreflectance; Complex dielectric constants;
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