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Effect of Salvia miltiorrhiza aerial parts on growth performance, nutrient digestibility, and digestive enzymes in rabbits  

Wang, Jiajia (Department of Animal Science, Henan University of Science and Technology)
Luo, Yiran (Department of Animal Science, Henan University of Science and Technology)
Li, Pei (Department of Animal Science, Henan University of Science and Technology)
Zhang, Feike (Luoyang Xintai Agro-pastoral Technology Co., Ltd)
Liu, Ning (Department of Animal Science, Henan University of Science and Technology)
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Animal Bioscience / v.34, no.12, 2021 , pp. 1981-1986 More about this Journal
Objective: This study aimed to investigate the effect of Salvia miltiorrhiza (S.m.) aerial parts as an alternative ingredient on growth performance, nutrient digestibility, and digestive enzymes in growing rabbits. Methods: Treatments included five tested diets: a control (basal diet), antibiotic (basal diet+enramycin at 5 mg/kg), and S.m. aerial parts powder added at 3.0%, 6.0%, and 9.0% of feed using 300 growing rabbits. Results: The diets with S.m. aerial parts addition at 9.0% decreased (p<0.05) feed/gain compared to the control, but there were no differences in feed intake and body weight gain. In contrast with the control, the addition of antibiotic increased (p<0.05) digestibility of dry matter, crude protein, energy, fiber, and ash. The herb addition did not cause differences in the digestibility of most nutrients compared to the antibiotic, but fiber digestibility of the herb at 6.0% and 9.0% was lower (p<0.05) than that of the antibiotic. Moreover, the antibiotic and the herb also similarly increased (p<0.05) the activities of duodenal α-amylase, maltase, lipase, and trypsin, compared to the control, and the herb at 6.0% and 9.0% showed a greater (p<0.05) activity of elastase than the dose 3.0%. Conclusion: The obtained data indicate that S.m. aerial parts can be a potential forage in rabbit's diet at 9.0% with a beneficial regulation on nutrition and digestion.
Digestive Enzyme; Growth Performance; Nutrient Digestibility; Rabbit; Salvia miltiorrhiza Aerial Parts;
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