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Productive performance of Mexican Creole chickens from hatching to 12 weeks of age fed diets with different concentrations of metabolizable energy and crude protein  

Matus-Aragon, Miguel Angel (Program of Animal Science, College of Postgraduates, Campus Montecillo)
Gonzalez-Ceron, Fernando (Department of Animal Science, Chapingo Autonomous University)
Salinas-Ruiz, Josafhat (College of Postgraduates Campus Cordoba)
Sosa-Montes, Eliseo (Department of Animal Science, Chapingo Autonomous University)
Pro-Martinez, Arturo (Program of Animal Science, College of Postgraduates, Campus Montecillo)
Hernandez-Mendo, Omar (Program of Animal Science, College of Postgraduates, Campus Montecillo)
Cuca-Garcia, Juan Manuel (Program of Animal Science, College of Postgraduates, Campus Montecillo)
Chan-Diaz, David Jesus (Trouw Nutrition Mexico)
Publication Information
Animal Bioscience / v.34, no.11, 2021 , pp. 1794-1801 More about this Journal
Objective: The study aimed to evaluate the productive performance, carcass yield, size of digestive organs and nutrient utilization in Mexican Creole chickens, using four diets with different concentrations of metabolizable energy (ME, kcal/kg) and crude protein (CP, %). Methods: Two hundred thirty-six chickens, coming from eight incubation batches, were randomly distributed to four experimental diets with the following ME/CP ratios: 3,000/20, 2,850/19, 2,700/18 and 2,550/17. Each diet was evaluated with 59 birds from hatching to 12 weeks of age. The variables feed intake (FI), body weight gain (BWG), feed conversion (FC), mortality, carcass yield, size of digestive organs, retention of nutrients, retention efficiency of gross energy (GE) and CP, and excretion of N were recorded. Data were analyzed as a randomized block design with repeated measures using the GLIMMIX procedure of SAS, with covariance AR (1) and adjustment of degrees of freedom (Kendward-Roger), the adjusted means were compared with the least significant difference method at a significance level of 5%. Results: The productive performance variables BWG, mortality, carcass yield, fat and GE retention and excretion of N were not different (p>0.05) due to the diet effect. In the 3,000/20 diet, the chickens had lower values of FI, FC, crop weight, gizzard weight, retention, and retention efficiency of CP (p<0.05) than the chickens of the 2,550/17 diet. Conclusion: The Mexican Creole chickens from hatching to 12 weeks of age can be feed with a diet with 2,550 kcal ME and 17% CP, without compromising productive parameters (BWG, mortality, carcass yield) but improving retention and retention efficiency of CP.
Apparent Metabolizable Energy; Carcass Yield; Crude Protein; Mexican Creole Chickens; Nutrient Utilization; Productive Performance;
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