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Revisiting the e-Government Maturity Model: Significance, Limitations, and Suggestions

전자정부 성숙도 모델의 재검토: 모델의 의의와 한계, 실증분석을 통한 제언

  • SUNG, WOOKJOON (Graduate School of Public Policy and Information Technology, Seoul National University of Science and Technology)
  • Received : 2023.08.08
  • Accepted : 2023.08.23
  • Published : 2023.09.30

Abstract

This study aims to analyze the usage behavior of e-government service users based on the e-government maturity model and provide suggestions for advancement of the e-government services. The changes in Korea's e-government services were analyzed as follows; 1) Proportion of use of e-government services in Korean public services, 2) E-government service types/stages use, 3) Service use by platform 4) User response to e-government service 5) Users' requests for future e-government service usage methods. For the analysis, this study used data from Korea's 2012-2020 e-government usage behavior survey data. As a result of the analysis, first, the proportion of e-government service has been continuously increasing, and second, the use of the e-participation stage is relatively low compared to the presenting information, interaction, and transaction stages. Third, by platform, e-government service has been expanded to various access platforms such as mobile, kiosk, and SNS centering on the web. Fourth, users' satisfaction with e-government service is very high. However, to vitalize e-government services, users requested improvements such as providing one-stop integrated services and simplifying authentication procedures. Based on the analysis results, this study 1) reflects the user's point of view in the maturity model of e-government, 2) considers access to various platforms according to the development of digital technology, 3) improves the e-government maturity model through data-based analysis such as user usage behavior suggested the need.

이 연구는 전자정부 성숙도 모델의 서비스 유형에 기반하여 사용자들의 이용 행태를 시계열적으로 분석하고, 전자정부 서비스의 발전을 위한 제언을 하는 것을 목표로 한다. 이를 위하여 한국의 전자정부 서비스의 변화를 1) 한국의 공공서비스에서 전자정부 서비스 사용의 비중, 2) 전자정부 서비스 유형/단계별 활용, 3) 플랫폼(웹, 모바일)별 서비스 활용, 4) 전자정부서비스에 대한 이용자들의 반응(만족도, 효과, 지속 사용 의도), 5) 전자정부 서비스 이용 방법에 대한 이용자들의 요구 등을 중심으로 분석하였다. 분석을 위하여 한국의 2012-2020년의 9년간 전자정부 이용행태 실태조사 데이터를 사용하였다. 분석 결과, 첫째, 전자정부 서비스의 비중이 지속적으로 증가하고 있으며, 둘째, 전자정부 서비스 활용에서 온라인 정보제공, 상호작용, 거래에 비해 온라인 참여의 활용이 상대적으로 저조한 것으로 나타났다. 셋째, 플랫폼별로는 서비스가 웹 중심에서 모바일과 키오스크(kiosk), SNS 등과 같은 다양한 접근 플랫폼으로 확장되어 가고 있었다. 넷째, 이용자들의 만족도는 매우 높은 편이며, 서비스 활성화를 위해 원스톱 통합서비스 제공, 인증절차 간소화 등의 개선을 요구하였다. 분석결과를 토대로 이 연구는 전자정부의 성숙 모델에서 사용자 관점의 반영, 디지털 기술 발전에 따른 다양한 플랫폼 접근성의 고려, 사용자 이용행태 등 데이터 기반 분석을 통한 전자정부 성숙도 평가와 개선의 필요성을 제안하였다.

Keywords

Acknowledgement

This work was supported by the Ministry of Education of the Republic of Korea and the National Research Foundation of Korea(NRF-2022S1A5A2A01045853)

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