The Effectiveness of Financial Sources for Climate Change in Vietnam

  • NGUYEN, Thi Nhung (Department of Investment, Faculty of Finance and Banking, VNU University of Economics and Business) ;
  • NGUYEN, Minh Hoa (Department of Investment, Faculty of Finance and Banking, VNU University of Economics and Business) ;
  • VU, Thi Phuong Anh (Department of Investment, Faculty of Finance and Banking, VNU University of Economics and Business) ;
  • DO, Thi Hoang Anh (Department of Investment, Faculty of Finance and Banking, VNU University of Economics and Business)
  • Received : 2022.10.10
  • Accepted : 2023.01.15
  • Published : 2023.01.30


This research aims to give information about the current situation of five financial sources for climate change in Vietnam, including (i) the State budget used by ministries; (ii) the State budget used by provinces; (iii) Bilateral funds; (iv) Multilateral funds; and (v) Private funds, and then classify them in line with the effectiveness. The working paper's secondary data on spending on CC-related activities, collected from reports of six ministries and 29 provinces, show that the State budget has been crucial in subsidizing CC-related activities in Vietnam. Moreover, domestic investment has accounted for a major part of the total expenditure of ministries and provinces for climate change. In addition, by using primary data collected from surveys sent to twelve experts from 5 groups, such as researchers, practical experts, managers of private funding organizations (such as banks and enterprises), managers of international funding organizations and beneficiaries, and then analyzing the data through the AHP method, the study shows that all climate finance sources in Vietnam are still not very effective. However, private sector funds are considered the most effective financial source for responding to climate change.



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