Hepatitis B Vaccination Coverage and Related Factors among Aged 19 or Older in Republic of Korea

한국 19세 이상 성인들의 B형간염 백신 접종률 및 관련 요인

  • Lee, Sok Goo (Department of Preventive Medicine, College of Medicine, Chungnam National University) ;
  • Jeon, So Youn (Department of Emergency Medical Technology, Daejeon Health Institute of Technology)
  • 이석구 (충남대학교 의과대학 예방의학교실) ;
  • 전소연 (대전보건대학교 응급구조과)
  • Received : 2022.04.25
  • Accepted : 2022.06.20
  • Published : 2022.06.30


Objectives: This study aimed to identify the vaccination coverage for hepatitis B among aged 19 or older, and at the same time to determine the reasons for vaccination or non-vaccination. Methods: The survey was conducted through a Mixed-Mode Random Digit Dialing Survey (RDD) method. The survey included hepatitis B vaccination status, reasons of vaccination and non-vaccination, sources of information on vaccination, and other related factors. Results: The vaccination coverage for hepatitis B among adults 19 years of age and older were 38.0%, 32.5%, and 26.9% for the first, second, and third doses. A related factors with high rate of hepatitis B vaccination was women, younger than 65 years of age, rural residents, having a job, highly educated, health insurance subscribers, living with spouse, family members living together. In addition, the vaccination rate was higher in those who was aware of the states recommended adult vaccination, were explained by a doctor about the need for adult vaccination, kept their vaccination records, and recognized that it helped prevent infectious diseases, and had seen promotional materials. Conclusions: In the future, it is necessary to check the antibody retention rate along with the hepatitis B vaccination coverage of adults on a regular basis. In addition, in order to accurately and quickly identify the hepatitis B vaccination coverage, it is necessary to prepare a plan to improve the computerized registration rate to manage adult vaccination records.

본 연구는 19세 이상 성인들을 대상으로 B형간염 백신 접종률, 백신 접종이유 및 미접종 이유, 백신 접종 관련 요인을 파악하고자 하였다. B형간염 백신 접종률은 사후가중치를 적용 후 1차 38.0%, 2차 32.5%, 3차 26.9%로 나타났다. B형간염 백신 접종 관련 요인으로는 여자가, 저연령에서, 군부 거주자가, 직업이 있을 때, 고학력자가, 건강보험 가입자가, 배우자가 있을 때, 동거가족이 있을 때, 국가 권고 성인 예방접종을 인지하고 있을 때, 의사에게 성인 예방접종의 필요성을 설명 받은 경험이 있을 때, 본인의 성인 예방접종 기록 보관하고 있을 때, 성인 예방접종이 감염병 예방에 도움이 된다고 높게 인지하고 있을 때, 국가나 지방자치단체의 성인 예방접종 홍보 경험이 없을 때에 백신 접종률이 높게 나타났다. 결론적으로 우리나라 성인의 B형간염 백신 접종률은 양적 향상 및 질적인 측면에서의 개선을 위한 국가 정책 마련이 필요함을 발견하였다. 또한 성인의 B형간염 항체 형성률을 함께 파악하여 감염병 발생 감소나 퇴치를 위해서 국가수준의 예방접종률 목표치 선정과 함께 달성 정도 평가를 위한 정기적인 성인 예방접종률 산출이 필요하다. 더욱이 국가의 예방접종통합관리시스템을 통하여 안정적으로 성인의 예방접종 기록을 관리할 수 있도록 전산등록률 향상 방안을 마련할 필요가 있다.



본 연구는 질병관리청에서 수행한 조사자료(2019E240200)를 이용하여 수행하였음


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