Influence of Education and Knowledge Levels of Stroke Patients on Level of Subjective Perception in 119 Emergency Medical Technicians

119구급대원들의 뇌졸중 환자에 대한 교육 및 지식수준이 주관적 인식수준에 미치는 영향

  • Choi, Mi-Young (Department of Emergency Medical Service, Sunmoon University)
  • 최미영 (선문대학교 응급구조학과)
  • Received : 2019.10.21
  • Accepted : 2020.03.06
  • Published : 2020.03.31


This study examined the effect of 119 emergency medical technicians' education over one year on the stroke knowledge and subjective perception of stroke care. A survey was conducted from February 17 through July 31, 2018, on 196 men and women who worked as 119 emergency medical technicians in G-do, C-do, and the provinces. The collected data was analyzed by SPSS 20.0 version for Windows. The findings of the study were as follows. First, the general characteristics of the 119 emergency medical technicians were found to have affected their stroke education and their need for professional education, awareness levels of knowledge concerning stroke and their subjective awareness levels of stroke patient care. Second, one-year education for the 119 emergency medical technicians was found to have impacted on their stroke knowledge and subjective awareness levels concerning care for stroke patients. Third, the knowledge of the 119 emergency medical technicians on stroke was found to have influenced their subjective awareness levels of stroke patient care. Therefore, the results suggested that regular education and proper management to improve their knowledge on stroke and subjective awareness.

본 연구는 119구급대원들이 1년 동안 뇌졸중 환자에 대한 교육이 뇌졸중 지식 및 뇌졸중 환자처치에 대한 주관적 인식에 미치는 영향을 규명하기 위한 연구이다. 자료수집은 강원, 충청, 경북에 소재하는 소방공무원 중 119구급대원으로 활동하고 있는 남녀 196명을 대상으로 2018년 2월 17일부터 7월 31일까지 조사하였다. 수집된 데이터는 SPSS/PC+ 20.0을 사용하였으며, 빈도분석, t-test ANOVA 다중회귀분석을 하였다. 첫째, 119구급대원들의 일반적 특성이 뇌졸중 교육 및 전문교육 필요성이 뇌졸중에 대한 지식수준, 뇌졸중 환자처치에 대한 주관적 인식수준에 영향을 미치는 것으로 나타났다. 둘째, 119구급대원들의 1년 동안의 교육이 뇌졸중 지식수준과 뇌졸중 환자처치에 대한 주관적 인식수준에 영향을 미치는 것으로 나타났다. 셋째, 119구급대원들의 뇌졸중에 대한 지식수준이 뇌졸중 환자처치에 대한 주관적 인식수준에 영향을 미치는 것으로 나타났으며, 지식수준의 하위요인인 지식, 증상, 징후에 영향을 미치는 것으로 나타났다. 이 같은 결과로 볼 때 119구급대원들의 1년 동안 뇌졸중 환자처치 및 이송 교육은 뇌졸중 지식수준이 증가할수록 뇌졸중 환자처치에 대한 자신감, 처치 만족도, 수행 적절성에 대한 주관적 인식수준이 향상되는 것으로 나타났다. 따라서, 119구급대원들의 뇌졸중 환자에 대한 지식, 주관적 인식수준을 향상시키기 위해 주기적인 교육과 적절한 관리가 필요하다.



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