Exploring perception and experience of non-majors about SW education using CQR

SW교육에 대한 대학 비전공자의 인식과 경험 탐색: CQR을 중심으로

  • Received : 2019.07.15
  • Accepted : 2019.09.04
  • Published : 2019.10.31


The purpose of this study is to explore non-major students' perception and experiences in college software education. For this, we analyzed the reflection journals of 36 non-major students in D University based on the Consensual Qualitative Research(CQR). As a result, there was not general core concept to all students nor a typical core concept that appeared to more than 50% students. However, various variable core concepts could be derived. Overall, 57 variable concepts were derived from experience in SW education and 7 variable concepts for perception of SW education. Based on this result, we found many of non-major students feel difficulty from unfamiliarity to SW education. Also, many students have satisfaction in their perception to SW education about personalized learning that their professor provided in the class. Lastly, we conclude that a methodology for SW education needs to have a careful operation strategy and interactive design. Although this study has not been able to elucidate general core concepts that appear to all learners, it has significant implication in terms of providing various implicit core concepts and suggestions for effective software education for non-major students.

본 연구는 비전공자 대상의 대학 SW교육에서 학습자들의 인식과 경험을 탐색하는데 목적이 있다. 이를 위해 D대학에서 SW교육에 참여하고 있는 비전공자 학생 36명의 성찰일지를 합의적 질적연구방법(CQR)에 의거하여 분석하였다. 분석결과, SW교육에 대한 비전공자 학생들의 인식과 경험에 대한 응답에서 연구에 참여한 모든 학생들에게 공통적으로 나타나는 일반적 범주나 50% 이상의 학습자에게 나타나는 전형적인 범주는 나타나지 않았다. 그러나 다양한 변동적인 범주를 핵심개념으로 도출할 수 있었다. SW교육에 대한 비전공자 학생들의 경험과 인식은 각각 57개와 7개의 변동적 개념이 도출되었다. 이러한 연구 결과를 바탕으로 대학 비전공자 학생들의 SW교육에서의 경험은 생소함으로 인한 어려움을 느끼고 있다는 것과 학습활동을 통해 SW과의 관련성과 유용성을 인식한다는 특성을 발견할 수 있었다. 또한, SW교육에서 비전공자 학생들의 인식의 경우 초보자의 수준을 고려한 맞춤형 교육에 대해 긍정적인 평가를 한다는 특성을 가지고 있었다. 그러므로 비전공자 대상의 SW교육의 방법은 세심한 수업 운영전략과 상호작용 설계가 필요하다. 본 연구는 보다 효과적인 비전공자 대상의 대학 소프트웨어 교육을 위한 교수학습전략을 위한 시사점들을 제공하였다는 점에서 의의가 있다.



Supported by : 한국연구재단


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