The Effects of Self-Esteem, Ego Resilience, Impulsivity and Stress on Smartphone Addiction among College Students

대학생의 자아 존중감, 자아탄력성, 충동성, 스트레스가 스마트폰 중독에 미치는 영향

  • Received : 2019.04.08
  • Accepted : 2019.07.05
  • Published : 2019.07.31


This study was a descriptive study to investigate the factors influencing on self-esteem, ego resilience, impulsivity and life stress on smartphone addiction among college students. The subjects include college students in some areas. Data was collected in November and December, 2018. Total 231 college students were analyzed in the study. Collected data was analyzed in frequency, percentage, and t-test to examine differences in smartphone addiction according to general characteristics. Pearson's correlation was performed to examine correlations between smartphone addiction and main variables, and the factors influencing smartphone addiction were analyzed in multiple regression. The findings show that genera, satisfaction with college life, hours of using a smartphone, hours of using SNS, ego resilience, impulsivity, and life stress had significant effects on smartphone addiction. The study examined relations between general characters and smartphone addiction and found that the level of smartphone addiction was high in female college students, those who were not satisfied with college life, and used a smartphone and SNS for many hours. Ego resilience had negative correlations with smartphone addiction, and impulsivity and life stress had positive correlations with it. Multi-variate regression analysis results show that gender, ego resilience, and life stress were factors that had important influences on the smartphone addiction of college students, having explanatory power of 35.6%. In short, colleges and universities need to develop a school-level program to improve the college life of students and reduce their stress to the minimum and create an environment of encouraging them to grow power of controlling their lives so that they can prevent smartphone addiction.

본 연구는 대학생의 자아 존중감, 자아 탄력성, 충동성, 생활스트레스가 스마트폰 중독에 영향을 미치는 요인을 확인하기 위한 서술적 조사연구이다. 연구대상자는 일부 지역 대학생을 대상으로 하였고, 자료수집기간은 2018년 11월부터 12월까지이며, 분석대상은 231명 이었다. 자료 분석은 일반적 특성에 따른 스마트폰 중독의 차이를 알아보기 위하여 빈도, 백분율, t-test로 분석을 하였고, 스마트폰 중독과 중요변수의 상관관계는 Pearson's correlation을 이용하였으며, 스마트폰 중독에 미치는 영향요인을 Multiple regression으로 분석 하였다. 그 결과 성별, 대학생활 만족도, 스마트폰 사용시간, SNS 사용시간, 자아 탄력성, 충동성, 생활스트레스가 스마트폰 중독에 유의한 영향을 미치는 요인으로 나타났다. 일반적 특성에 따른 스마트폰 중독과의 관련성에서는 성별에서 여학생이, 대학생활에 만족하지 않는 군에서, 스마트폰 사용시간과 SNS 사용시간이 많은 군에서 스마트폰 중독 수준이 높았다. 또한 스마트폰 중독과의 상관관계에서는 자아 탄력성은 스마트폰 중독과 음의 상관관계를, 충동성, 생활스트레스는 스마트폰 중독과 양의 상관관계로 나타났다. 다변량 회귀분석 결과 대학생의 스마트폰 중독에 성별, 자아 탄력성, 생활스트레스가 중요한 영향을 미치는 요인으로 나타났으며, 이들의 설명력은 35.6%이었다. 결론적으로, 대학생의 스마트폰 중독을 예방하기 위해서는 대학생활을 개선하여 스트레스 환경을 최소화 하는 학교차원의 프로그램 개발이 필요하며, 자신의 삶을 통제할 수 있는 힘을 기를 수 있는 환경 조성이 필요하다고 하겠다.


Table 1. Differences in the level of smartphone addiction according to the general characteristics of the subjects

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Table 2. The subjects' self-esteem, ego resilience, impulsivity, and life stress and differences in the level of smartphone addiction

SHGSCZ_2019_v20n7_192_t0002.png 이미지

Table 3. Correlations of self-esteem, ego resilience, impulsivity and life stress and college students' smartphone addiction

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Table 4. Influential factors of smartphone addiction

SHGSCZ_2019_v20n7_192_t0004.png 이미지


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