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A Search for the Meaning of Constructivism: Constructivism Revisited and Reviewed

구성주의 의미의 탐색에 대한 소고: 구성주의의 재조명

  • Received : 2018.04.13
  • Accepted : 2018.05.17
  • Published : 2018.07.31

Abstract

In the current era of mathematics education, constructivism is a core theory of learning. For teachers, understanding and applying constructivism to their teaching practices are crucial for student centered teaching. However, some mathematics educators understand Constructivism in a different way. For example, some future teachers view Constructivism as making mathematics 'fun' by creating game without considering conceptual understanding. In this paper, the original articles of Constructivism were revisited and investigated to understand and to search for their meanings. Also several types and sources of Constructivism were identified; Radical Constructivism, Vygotsky's social-cultural theory of development, Social Constructionism, and Social Constructivism. This paper investigated arguments of the several types of Constructivism and discussed their implications for mathematics teaching.

수학교육학에서 구성주의는 학습이론에 있어서 핵심적인 이론이라고 할 수 있으며 구성주의에 대한 이해와 적용은 학습자 중심 수학 교수에 있어서 중요하다. 그러나 일부 초등 교사와 예비 초등 교사들은 구성주의를 편협한 시각으로 이해하고 있다. 구성주의가 수학을 흥미롭게 만드는 것을 중요하게 여기는 이론으로 여기고, 수학적인 요소를 고려하지 않은 게임을 만드는 것이 그 예이다. 본 논문에서는 여러 가지 유형의 구성주의, 급진적 구성주의, 비고츠키의 사회적 문화적 발달이론, 사회적 구성이론, 사회적 구성주의가 각기 주장하는 바를 고찰하고 비교하여 구성주의를 이해하는 데에 도움을 주고자 하였다. 논문의 말미에 구성주의가 수학 교육에 시사하는 점이 논의 되었다.

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