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A Convergence Study of Depression, Health-Related Quality of Life and Sleep Disturbance according to the Level of Physical Activity of Hemodialysis Patients

혈액투석 환자의 신체활동량 수준에 따른 우울, 건강관련 삶의 질 및 수면장애에 관한 융합 연구

  • 박영주 (영남외국어대학 간호학과) ;
  • 김영숙 (고신대학교 간호학과)
  • Received : 2018.05.28
  • Accepted : 2018.07.20
  • Published : 2018.07.28

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to investigate the convergence factors affecting of physical activity level on hemodialysis patients' depression, health-related quality of life and sleep disorders. The participants were 193 hemodialysis patients undergoing hemodialysis in five hospitals in two cities. Data were analyzed by technical statistics, correlation and hierarchical regression. The results showed that depression and physical activity were negatively correlated (r = -.259, p <.01), and physical and mental health related quality of life and physical activity correlated positively (R = .273, p <.01, r = .186, p <.01), respectively. Hierarchical regression analysis showed that the higher the quality of life related to physical health, the higher the level of physical activity of hemodialysis patients (${\beta}=.22$, p <.01). Therefore, it is required to develop an intervention program to improve health-related quality of life by improving the physical activity of hemodialysis patients.

본 연구는 혈액투석환자의 신체활동량 수준이 우울, 건강관련 삶의 질 및 수면장애에 미치는 융합적 요인을 조사하고자 실시하였다. 대상자는 2개 도시에 소재한 5개 혈액투석실에서 혈액투석을 시행받는 193명의 혈액투석환자들이었다. 자료 분석은 기술적 통계, 상관관계와 위계적 회귀분석을 사용하였다. 상관관계의 결과는 우울과 신체활동량은 유의한 음의 상관관계를 보였고(r = -.259, p <.01), 신체적 및 정신적 건강관련 삶의 질과 신체활동량은 유의한 양의 상관관계를 보였다(r = .273, p <.01, r = .186, p <.01). 위계적 회귀분석 결과는 신체적 건강관련 삶의 질이 높을수록 혈액투석환자의 신체활동량 수준은 더 높은 것으로 조사되었다(${\beta}=.22$, p <.01). 따라서 혈액투석환자의 신체활동량을 증진시켜서 건강관련 삶의 질을 향상시키는 중재프로그램의 개발이 필요하리라 사료된다.

Keywords

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