The Relationship Between Self-Perceived Benefits From Singing and Quality of Life in Older Adults Aged Over 75 Years

75세 이상 노인이 지각하는 노래부르기의 혜택과 삶의 질

  • 한수진 (누스 예술심리치료센터)
  • Received : 2017.04.10
  • Accepted : 2017.05.25
  • Published : 2017.05.30


The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between self-perceived benefits from singing and the quality of life of older adults aged 75 years and older. A total of 231 older adults participated in this study with 141 of them living alone and 90 of them living with others. Each participant was instructed to complete the investigator-constructed questionnaire and the Quality of Life scale. The questionnaire consisted of 49 items on demographic information, involvement in leisure activities and singing-related experiences, and perceived benefits from singing. The results showed that the amount of involvement in leisure activities and the measured quality of life were found to differ between the two subgroups of older adults living with and without others. The number of older adults who had singing-related experiences was also differed between the groups. A positive correlation was found between the amount of self-perceived benefit from singing and quality of life. These results indicate that self-perceived benefits from singing could be an important factor for the quality of life of older adults. This study supports the potential benefits of incorporating singing as an active leisure activity into interventions for older adults, expanding the research that has been extensively based on listening-based interventions. Also, it presents clinical implications for how singing interventions and programs could be designed and suggested to support this population to better cope with their life issues and enhance the quality of life.

본 연구는 75세 이상 노인의 노래부르기 실태 조사 및 지각하는 노래부르기 혜택과 삶의 질간의 관계를 알아보고자 실시되었다. 본 연구의 대상자는 총 231명의 후기 노인으로, 이 중 90명은 타인과 함께 거주하는 일반노인, 141명은 혼자 거주하고 있는 독거노인이었다. 각 대상자는 연구자가 제작한 설문지 조사와 삶의 질 척도 검사에 참여하였다. 연구자가 제작한 설문지는 대상자의 인구사회학적 특성과 여가 수준, 노래부르기 관련 경험, 노래부르기의 혜택에 대한 인식 등을 묻는 총 49개 문항으로 구성되었다. 회수된 설문지 중 응답이 불충분한 설문지를 제외하고 총 231부를 분석한 결과, 여가 활동에 참여하는 수준과 지각된 삶의 질에 있어 일반노인과 독거노인 간 차이가 있는 것으로 나타났다. 노래부르기 관련 경험 유무에 있어서도 그룹 간 차이가 있었다. 또한 지각하는 노래부르기 혜택수준과 삶의 질 점수 간 정적 상관관계에 있는 것으로 나타났다. 이러한 결과는 노래부르기 경험에 어떠한 혜택이 있는지 인식하는 수준이 삶의 질에 있어 중요한 요인이 될 수 있음을 시사한다. 또한 노래부르기가 적극적인 여가 활동으로 활용될 수 있는 가능성을 뒷받침하여, 기존의 감상 활동에 초점이 맞추어졌던 노인을 위한 활동 영역이 확대될 수 있는 기초를 마련했다고 할 수 있다. 본 연구 결과는 노인 대상군이 삶의 질 향상을 위한 대처 전략으로써 활용할 수 있는 노래부르기 활동을 제안하는 데 있어 참고할 만한 기초 자료를 제시했다는 데 그 의의가 있다고 할 수 있다.



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