A Study on Influential Relations between Stress and Smartphone Addiction among College Students: With a Focus on the Mediating Effects of Depression and Self-Efficacy

대학생의 스트레스가 스마트폰 중독에 미치는 영향관계: 우울과 자기효능감의 매개효과를 중심으로

  • Sim, Mi Young (Department of Social Welfare, International University of Korea) ;
  • Lee, Dool Nyeo (Department of Social Welfare, International University of Korea) ;
  • Kim, Eun Hee (Department of Social Welfare, International University of Korea)
  • 심미영 (한국국제대학교 사회복지학과) ;
  • 이둘녀 (한국국제대학교 사회복지학과) ;
  • 김은희 (한국국제대학교 사회복지학과)
  • Received : 2016.02.17
  • Accepted : 2016.05.12
  • Published : 2016.05.31


This study tested the effects of stress on smartphone addiction via depression and self-efficacy among college students, and the analysis results were as follows: setting mediator and extra variables significantly correlated with the criterion variable as covariates and applying the regression analysis and SPSS Macro as well as bootstrapping method, to verify the mediating effects of depression and self-efficacy in stress and smartphone addiction. This study analyzed the direct effects of stress on the depression, self-efficacy, and smartphone addiction of college students and found that stress had direct effects on their depression and self-efficacy and also indirect effects on their smartphone addiction via depression and self-efficacy. Both depression and self-efficacy had dual and partial mediating effects on the influences of stress on their smartphone addiction. Stress had significant dual mediating effects on their smartphone addiction via the indirect paths of depression and self-efficacy, and high stress also had significant direct effects on their smartphone addiction, thus validating the dual mediation model. These findings demonstrate the need to develop programs to mitigate the stress and depression of college students and enhance their self-efficacy in order to reduce their smartphone addiction.

본 연구는 대학생의 스트레스가 우울과 자기효능감을 매개로 하여 스마트폰 중독에 미치는 영향 관계를 검증하였다. 매개변인과 준거변인에 유의미한 상관이 있는 가외변인을 공변인으로 설정하고 회귀분석과 SPSS Macro 및 부트스트래핑(bootstrapping)방법을 적용하여 대학생의 스트레스가 스마트폰 중독에 있어 우울과 자기효능감의 매개효과를 검증하였다. 연구 결과를 요약하면, 대학생의 스트레스가 우울, 자기효능감, 스마트폰 중독에 미치는 직접적인 영향을 분석한 결과 스트레스는 우울과 자기효능감에 직접효과가 있는 것으로 나타났다. 스트레스가 우울과 자기효능감을 매개로 스마트폰 중독에 간접효과가 있는 것으로 나타났다. 우울과 자기효능감은 스트레스가 스마트폰 중독에 미치는 영향을 이중매개 및 부분매개하고 있는 것으로 나타났다. 스트레스가 우울과 자기효능감을 거쳐 스마트폰 중독에 미치는 간접경로인 이중매개효과는 유의하였으며, 높은 스트레스가 스마트폰 중독에 직접적으로 영향을 미치는 효과 또한 유의한 것으로 검증되었다. 이러한 연구결과를 토대로 대학생들의 스마트폰 중독을 예방하기 위해 스트레스나 우울이 높은 대학생들은 조기에 선별하고 건전한 활동을 위한 방안을 모색하고, 스트레스 및 우울완화 프로그램과 자기효능감 향상 프로그램의 필요성을 제안하였다.



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