DOI QR코드

DOI QR Code

Fundamental Research on the Development of a Risk Based Decision Support System for Maritime Accident Response: Focused on Oil Tanker Grounding

위험도기반 해양사고 초기대응 지원 시스템 개발 기초연구: 유조선 좌초사고를 중심으로

  • Na, Seong (Ship & Offshore Technology Center, Korean Register) ;
  • Lee, Seung-Hyun (Korea Research Institute of Ships & Ocean Engineering) ;
  • Choi, Hyuek-Jin (Korea Research Institute of Ships & Ocean Engineering)
  • 나성 (한국선급 선박해양기술센터) ;
  • 이승현 (선박해양플랜트연구소) ;
  • 최혁진 (선박해양플랜트연구소)
  • Received : 2016.09.03
  • Accepted : 2016.10.26
  • Published : 2016.12.31

Abstract

A number of maritime accidents, and accident response activities, including the command and control procedures that were implemented at accident scenes, are analyzed to derive useful information about responding to maritime accidents, and to understand how the chain of events developed after the initial accident. In this research, a new concept of a 'risk based accident response support system' is proposed. In order to identify the event chains and associated hazards related to the accident response activities, this study proposes a 'Brainstorming technique for scenario identification', based on the concept of the HAZID technique. A modified version of Event Tree Analysis was used for quantitative risk analysis of maritime accident response activities. PERT/CPM was used to analyze accident response activities and for calculating overall (expected) response activity completion time. Also, the risk based accident response support system proposed in this paper is explained using a simple case study of risk analysis for oil tanker grounding accident response.

최근 우리나라 연근해에서 발생한 몇 건의 대형 해양사고에서, 신속하고 체계적인 초기대응이 사고 전개양상과 사고결과에 얼마나 큰 영향을 미치는지를 확인하였다. 또한, 이를 통해 다양한 해양사고 상황에 대한 정확한 정보와 전개될 수 있는 시나리오, 적용 가능한 사고대응 방법들에 대한 정보를 신속하게 확보하는 것이 해양사고 초기대응을 위하여 무엇보다 중요함을 알 수 있었다. 이러한 현실적인 문제를 해결하기 위한 일환으로, 본 연구에서는, '위험도기반 초기대응 지원 시스템'의 개념을 제시하고, 해양사고 이후 전개 가능한 모든 시나리오와 적용 가능한 사고대응 방법들을 식별하기 위하여 사건전개 시나리오 식별 브레인스토밍 기법을 제안하였으며, 식별된 사고대응 방법들의 적용으로 인한 피해저감 효과 등을 정량화하기 위하여 사건수목분석 (Event Tree Analysis: ETA) 기법을 활용한 사건전개수목을 제안하였다. 그리고 각각의 사고대응 방법에 대한 상세분석을 위해서는 PERT/CPM의 사용을 제안하였다. 또한, 상기 제시한 위험도기반 초기대응 지원시스템의 구성 체계를 설명하기 위하여, 유조선 좌초사고에 대한 사고대응 작업을 예로 간략한 위험도분석 작업을 수행하였다.

Keywords

Acknowledgement

Grant : 해양사고 초기대응 및 구난기술 지원시스템 개발

Supported by : 선박해양플랜트연구소(KRISO)

References

  1. Byun, H. S. and Shin, H. S(2001), "A Study on The Safety Control for Information System of Maritime Disasters", The Journal of the Korea Institute of Maritime Information & Communication Sciences, Vol. 5, No. 1, pp. 222-226.
  2. IMO(2015), Revised Guidelines for Formal Safety Assessment (FSA) for Use in the IMO Rule-Making Process, MSC-MEPC.2/Circ.12/Rev.1, June 2015, pp. 5-17.
  3. Jung, C. H., Nam. T. K. and Jeong. J. S(2012), "A Study on the Improvement of Salvage Procedures through the Collision Accident of Ships", Journal of Navigation and Port Research, Vol. 36, No. 10, pp. 851-856. https://doi.org/10.5394/KINPR.2012.36.10.851
  4. Korea Research Institute of Ships & Ocean Engineering(2001a), "Development of Response Technology for Marine Casualties", pp. 49-87.
  5. Korea Research Institute of Ships & Ocean Engineering(2001b), "Establishment of Systems for Prevention of Matine Accidents and Salvage (V)", pp. 26-112.
  6. Kim, H. J., Lee, M. J., Oh, S. W. and Kang, J. M(2011), "A Study on Development of Operational System for Oil Spill Prediction Model", Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Environment & Safety, Vol. 17, No. 4, pp. 375-382. https://doi.org/10.7837/kosomes.2011.17.4.375
  7. Kim, K. H., Choi,. J. H. and Choi, H. K(2014), "A Study on the Decision Making Process of OSC(On-Scene Commander) and On-Scene Command System on Occuring of Disaster at Sea -Focusing on the Sewol Ferry Sinking Case-", Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Environment & Safety, Vol. 20, No. 6, pp. 692-703. https://doi.org/10.7837/kosomes.2014.20.6.692
  8. Lee, J. K., Na, S., Kim, H. T. and Kim, K. M(2010), "A Study on High-level FSA for Korean-flagged General Cargo Ships", Journal of Navigation and Port Research, Vol. 34, No. 3, pp. 213-220. https://doi.org/10.5394/KINPR.2010.34.3.213
  9. Lee, M. J., Kim, H. J., Kim, S. Y. and Seo, J. W(2010), "A Study on Information System to Support Response of Marine Accident", Proceedings of Korean Institute of Navigation and Port Research, Autumn annual Conference 2010, 2010 Oct. 21, pp. 170-176.
  10. Lee, M. J. and Oh, S. W(2014), "Development of Response Scenario for a Simulated HNS Spill Incident", Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Environment & Safety, Vol. 20, No. 6, pp. 677-684. https://doi.org/10.7837/kosomes.2014.20.6.677
  11. MAIB(1997), Report of the Chief Inspector of Marine Accidents into the grounding and subsequent salvage of the tanker SEA EMPRESS at Milford Haven between 15 and 21 February 1996, Marine Accident Investigation Branch, ISBN 0 11 551890 8, pp. 19-159.
  12. MIT(2013), Cruise Ship COSTA CONCORDIA Marine casualty on January 13 2012, Ministry of Infrastructures and Transports, Marine Casualties Investigative Body, May 2013, pp. 27-128.
  13. SAFEDOR(2004), Information Resources, FSA results: LNG Carriers, Container vessels, Crude oil tankers, Cruise ships, RoPax ships, and Dangerous goods, Design, Operation and Regulation for Ship Safety, http://safedor.org/resources/index.htm.
  14. Skjong, R., Vanem, E. and Endresen, O(2007), Risk Evaluation Criteria, SAFEDOR-D-4.5.2-DNV-Rev3, October 2007, pp. 37-68.
  15. Sung, J. T(2009), "Numerical Simulation of Spilled Oil Dispersion in Taean Coastal Zone", Journal of the Korean Society for Marine Environmental Engineering, Vol. 12, No. 4, pp. 264-272.
  16. TAIC(2014), Container ship MV Rena grounding on Astrolabe Reef, 5 October 2011, Transport Accident Investigation Commission, Marine inquiry 11-204, November 2014, pp. 7-16.
  17. Vanem, E. and Skjong, R(2004), "Collision and grounding of passenger ships-risk assessment and emergency evacuations", Proceedings of the 3rd International Conference on Collision and Grounding of Ships, ICCGS 2004, Izu, Japan, 25-27 October 2004, pp. 195-202.
  18. Vinnem, J. E(2007), Offshore Risk Assessment: Principles, modelling and applications of QRA Studies, 2nd Edition, Springer, pp. 119-139.