Effects of Schroth 3-Dimensional Exercise on Cubb's Angle, Abdominal Endurance, Flexibility and Balance in Adolescents with Idiopathic Scoliosis

특발성 측만증 청소년의 Schroth 3차원 운동이 콥스각과 복부근지구력 및 유연성, 평형성에 미치는 영향

  • Kim, Jung-Hyun (Department of Sports Medicine Science, Graduate school, Dankook University) ;
  • Oh, Doo-Hwan (Department of Sports Medicine Science, Graduate school, Dankook University) ;
  • Zhang, Seok-Am (Department of Sports Medicine Science, Graduate school, Dankook University) ;
  • Lee, Jang-Kyu (Department of Sports Medicine Science, Graduate school, Dankook University)
  • 김정현 (단국대학교 대학원 운동의과학과) ;
  • 오두환 (단국대학교 대학원 운동의과학과) ;
  • 장석암 (단국대학교 대학원 운동의과학과) ;
  • 이장규 (단국대학교 대학원 운동의과학과)
  • Received : 2015.04.14
  • Accepted : 2015.06.11
  • Published : 2015.06.30


The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of 8-week schroth 3-dimensional exercise and ball-sling complex exercise treatment on cobb's angle, abdominal muscle endurance, flexibility and balance in adolescents with idiopathic scoliosis. Thirty subjects with scoliosis were random assignment into one of two experimental groups, either schroth treatment(n=15) or ball-sling complex exercise treatment(n=15). Exercise program was to perform for 8-week and 90min and 3 times per week. The results of this study were as follows; First, cobb's angle was significantly decreased after 8-weeks in schroth treatment(p<.001). And also abdominal muscle endurance(p<.05), flexibility(p<.001) and balance(p<.001) were significantly improve in pre vs. post treatment. Second, the ratio of cobb's angle change was significantly higher in schroth treatment compared to ball-sling complex exercise treatment following 8-weeks(p<.05). These results suggest that although both the schroth treatment and bal-sling complex exercise treatment in adolescents with idiopathic scoliosis can improve on cobb's angle, abdominal muscle endurance, flexibility and balance, but schroth treatment was better than ball-sling complex exercise treatment improving effect of cobb's angle. Therefore, we consider that schroth treatment has more effect of prevention and therapy in idiopathic scoliosis in adolescents.

이 연구는 특발성 척추측만증 청소년을 대상으로, Schroth 3차원 운동처치와 볼 슬링운동을 수행하는 재활운동프로그램의 처치가 콥스각의 변화와 근력 및 유연성, 평형성에 어떠한 영향을 미치는지를 구명하고자 수행되었다. 특발성 척추측만증을 진단받은 청소년 30명을 대상으로, Schroth 3차원 운동처치집단(n=15)과 볼과 슬링을 수행하는 재활운동 처치집단(n=15)으로 무선배정 하였으며 운동 프로그램은 8주간, 주 3회, 90분으로 구성하여 실시하였다. 이 연구의 결과에서, 8주간의 운동 후 Schroth 3차원 운동처치집단에서 콥스각이 유의하게 감소되었으며(p<.001), 복부근지구력(p<.05) 및 유연성(p<.001)과 평형성(p<.001) 모두 운동 후에 유의한 개선의 효과가 있는 것으로 나타났다. 또한 8주간의 운동 전 후 Schroth 3차원 운동 처치집단에서의 콥스각 변화율이 재활운동 처치집단의 콥스각 변화율보다 유의하게 높은 것으로 나타났다(p<.05). 이상의 결과에서 Schroth 처치집단과 재활운동 처치집단 모두 8주간의 처치 후, 특발성 척추측만증이 있는 청소년에게 유의한 개선의 효과가 있었으며, 그러나 Schroth 3차원 운동처치가 콥스각 교정에 보다 더 효과적인 것으로 나타났다. 따라서 청소년들의 특발성 척추측만증 예방과 운동치료에 Schroth 3차원 운동처치가 보다 효과적인 것으로 사료된다.



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