• Title, Summary, Keyword: Sling exercise

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Effects of Aquatic Exercise versus Sling Exercise on Spinal Angle and Flexibility in Young Adults with Scoliosis (수중운동과 슬링운동이 척주옆굽음증을 가진 젊은 성인의 척추각과 유연성에 미치는 영향)

  • Nam, Ki-Won
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Physical Medicine
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    • v.14 no.4
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    • pp.183-193
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    • 2019
  • PURPOSE: This study assessed the exercise programs for improving the spinal angle and trunk flexibility by applying the aquatic exercise and sling exercise to young adults with scoliosis. METHODS: The subjects were 14 participants diagnosed with scoliosis. They were assigned randomly either to an aquatic exercise group (n=7) that received the WATSU exercise program or to a sling exercise group (n=7) that received a sling exercise program. The exercise program was 50 minutes once, three times a week, 12 times for four weeks. The spinal angle and flexibility were measured using the Cobb's angle and modified sit and reach test, respectively. Two variables were analyzed before and after the intervention, and the aquatic exercise group and sling exercise group were compared. RESULTS: After the intervention, the Cobb's angle decreased significantly, and the flexibility increased significantly in both groups (p<.05). A larger increase in flexibility was observed in the aquatic exercise group than in the sling exercise group (p<.05). CONCLUSION: These results showed that the two exercise programs improved the spine angle and flexibility. The increased flexibility showed that aquatic exercise was more effective than the sling exercise. Therefore, aquatic exercise and sling exercise can be used in the treatment and prevention of scoliosis.

The Effect of Mandible Position on Proprioception and Range of Motion during Neck Stabilization Exercise using a Sling (슬링을 이용한 목 안정화 운동 시 아래턱 위치가 고유수용성감각과 관절가동범위에 미치는 영향)

  • Chae, Jung-Byung;Jung, Ju-Hyeon
    • PNF and Movement
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    • v.16 no.1
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    • pp.115-123
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    • 2018
  • Purpose: The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of mandible position on proprioception and range of motion (ROM) during neck stabilization exercise using a sling in healthy adults. Methods: The subjects were randomly assigned to either a sling exercise and mandible open group (n=10) or a sling exercise and mandible closed group (n=12). The sling exercise-mandible open group and sling exercise-mandible closed group took part in an exercise program for 30min, three times per week for 4 weeks. After each training session, head repositioning accuracy (HRA) and the ROM of the cervical spine were measured. Wilcoxon's test was conducted to verify changes within each group, and the Mann-Whitney U test was performed to examine between-group differences. Results: The HRA of the cervical spine was significantly increased during left rotation and extension in the sling exercise-mandible open group. In addition, there were significant differences in both rotations and extension in the two groups. The ROM of the cervical spine increased significantly during both rotations in the sling exercise-mandible closed group. In addition, there was a significant difference in right rotation and extension in both groups. Conclusion: Cervical stabilization exercise using a sling, with the mandible closed increased proprioception and the ROM of the cervical spine.

The Study on Analysis of Muscle Activity during Sling Squat Exercise according to Rope Type (로프 타입에 따른 슬링을 이용한 스쿼트 운동 시 근육의 활성화 비교 분석)

  • Woo, Hyun Ji;Kwon, Tae Kyu
    • Korean Journal of Sport Biomechanics
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    • v.30 no.4
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    • pp.311-319
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    • 2020
  • Objective: The purpose of this study was to examine of this study is to study the effect of squat exercise on muscle activation in a sling device using various types of ropes and to propose an effective sling exercise method for strengthening the lower extremity strength. Method: 20 adult male subjects (age: 25.2±2.4 yrs, height: 176.5±3.2 cm, weight: 77.2±4.5 kg) participated in this study. In the experiment, a total of four squats were conducted: squat [SE], sling squat using inelastic rope [IR], sling squat using elastic rope [ER], and sling squat using two elastic ropes [TER]. Squats were performed 5 times for each condition, and a 60-second break was given for each condition to minimize muscle fatigue. The activation of biceps brachii, rectus femoris, gastrocnemius, and tibialis anterior muscles was measured. Results: It was found that the activation of all muscles was the lowest during the squat exercise [SE]. During the sling squat using inelastic rope [IR], the muscle activation of the biceps brachii was the highest. During the sling squat using elastic rope [ER], the activation of the rectus femoris, gastrocnemius, and tibialis anterior muscles was found to be the highest. In the sling squat using two elastic ropes [TER], most of the muscle activation was similar to that of the sling squat using inelastic rope [IR]. Conclusion: Our results of the experiment, it was found that sling squat exercise using elastic rope had a positive effect on the activation of all muscles. It is thought that performing a squat exercise under moderate weight load and unstable conditions, such as sling squat exercise using elastic rope, can increase the muscle activity of the lower limbs and perform more effective exercise effect than performing a conventional squat exercise under stable conditions. In the future, if research is conducted not only on adult men, but also on various ages and patients, it will be able to provide positive help in improving balance, stability and stamina through squat exercise.

The Effect of Swiss Ball and Sling Exercise on Back Flexibility and Strength (슬링운동과 스위스볼 운동이 체간 유연성 및 근력에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, Sang-Soo;Kwon, Won-An;Song, Myung-Soo
    • PNF and Movement
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    • v.9 no.2
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    • pp.55-63
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    • 2011
  • Purpose : The Purpose of this study was performed to find out back flexibility and strength by Swiss ball and sling exercise. Methods : Subjects were randomly assigned to 3 groups; Swiss ball(n=9), Sling(n=8) and Swiss ball and Sling(n=8). Each groups had the exercise 30 minute per week for 4 weeks. The case of Swiss ball-sling group had 15 minutes for ball exercise and 15 minute for sling exercise. Results : First, sling group among groups significantly increased in flexibility test 1. Second, ball group among groups significantly increased in flexibility test 2. Third, ball-sling group among groups significantly increased in strength test 1 and 2. Fourth, follow-up study after 2 weeks was revealed that flexibility and strength were decreased in all groups. Conclusion : The effect were not consistent with exercise methods. Accordingly, it should be selected for purpose and effect you want.

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Effects of Bridge Exercise Using Sling on Muscle Activation of Gluteal Maximus and Elector Spine in College Student (대학생들을 대상으로 한 슬링을 이용한 교각운동이 큰볼기근과 척추세움근 근활성도에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, Hyun-ho
    • The Journal of Korean Academy of Orthopedic Manual Physical Therapy
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    • v.26 no.2
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    • pp.55-61
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    • 2020
  • Background: This study demonstrate the effect of bridge exercise using sling device on the improvement of gluteal maximus and elector Spine EMG (electromyogram) in college student. Methods: 30 college students participated in this experiment and received bridge exercise using sling device for 30 minutes a day for four weeks. Results: The effects of bridge exercise using sling device were evaluated by measuring the muscle activation on gluteal maximus and elector spine. The differences between pre-test and post-test in G-max (p<.05) and right elector spine (p<.05) were significant. The difference between in G-max left and right side was not significant both before (p<.05) and after (p<.05) bridge exercise using sling. The difference between in elector spine left and right side was not significant before bridge exercise using sling (p<.05) but after bridge exercise using sling (p<.05). Conclusion: The results indicated that bridge exercise using sling device improved gluteal maximus and elector spine EMG. This study demonstrated the effectiveness of this new approach and provided a good guide to improve gluteal maximus and elector spine EMG.

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Comparison of Tension According to the Type of Sling Cord during the Bridging Exercise with Sling in Stroke Patients (뇌졸중 환자의 교각 운동 시 슬링 줄의 종류에 따른 장력 비교)

  • Jang, Gwonuk;Chang, Jongsung
    • Journal of Korean Medicine Rehabilitation
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    • v.29 no.2
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    • pp.189-194
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    • 2019
  • Objectives The purpose of this study was to examine comparison of tension according to the type of sling cord during the bridging exercise with sling in stroke patients. Methods Twenty six stroke patients were recruited for this study. Subjects were randomly performed sling bridging exercise with three types of sling cords such as nonelastic cord with affected side-nonelastic cord with non affected side (NC-NC), nonelastic cord with affected side-elastic cord with non affected side (NC-EC), and elastic cord with affected side-nonelastic cord with non affected side (EC-NC). They were measured tension with a tensiometer of sling cord during the bridging exercise with sling. Results The tension of sling cord was significantly different in affected side, non affected side, and tension ratio of affected side/non affected side. There were significant differences tension in NC-EC from NC-NC and EC-NC and the NC-EC method was increased tension of affected side and decreased tension of non affected side. Conclusions These results showed that the NC-EC method was improved the symmetry of affected side and non affected side. Sling exercise with appropriate type of sling cord should be increased activities of affected side and improved recovery in stroke patients.

Effects of sling exercise and McKenzie exercise program on neck disability, pain, muscle strength and range of motion in chronic neck pain

  • Seo, Seung-Cheol;Choi, Jin-Young;Joo, Min-Young;Kim, Je-Hoon;Chang, Seul-Ki
    • Physical Therapy Rehabilitation Science
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    • v.1 no.1
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    • pp.40-48
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    • 2012
  • Objective: The aim of this study was to compare sling exercise group to McKenzie exercise group in patients with chronic neck pain. Design: Two group pretest-posttest design. Methods: Twenty subjects who have chronic neck pain were randomly divided into sling exercise group (n=10) and McKenzie exercise (n=10). Sling exercise group (n=10) received sling exercise for 30 minutes per day, twice a week over a 4 week period. And the other group were exercised McKenzie exercise (n=8) for 30 minutes per day, twice a week over a 4 week period. Neck disability index (NDI), Visual analog scale (VAS), algometer, digital manual muscle tester (MMT) and cervical muscle strength and cervical range of motion (ROM) are closely measured to identify the effect of sling exercise and McKenzie exercise. Results: For NDI, VAS, algometer on both trapezius, both rotation of cervical muscle strength, both lateral flexion of cervical muscle strength, cervical extension of ROM and both lateral flexion of ROM were significantly increased after intervention in sling exercise group (p<0.05), For VAS, algometer on both trapezius, left (Lt.) rotation of cervical muscle strength, Lt. lateral flexion of cervical muscle strength, cervical flexion and extension of ROM and Lt. lateral flexion of ROM were significantly increased after than before intervention in McKenzie exercise group (p<0.05). Conclusions: These study outcomes clearly support the notion that sling and McKenzie exercise improved pain, Muscle strength and ROM of patients with chronic neck pain. These results suggest that sling and McKenzie exercise program is suitable for chronic neck pain.

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The Effects of the Bridge exercise with Sling on Dynamic balance ability in Normal peoples (슬링에서 교각 운동이 정상인의 동적 균형 능력에 미치는 영향)

  • Choi, Won-Jye;Kang, Chan-O;Son, Kyung-Hyun
    • PNF and Movement
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    • v.7 no.3
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    • pp.1-6
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    • 2009
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of the bridge exercise with sling on dynamic balance ability in normal peoples. In general, the sling using exercise was related in the dynamic balance and the function. Fifteen subjects participated in this experiment were carried out the program for 4 weeks to Lumber stability exercise with stretching exercise. The effects of sling using exercise were evaluated by measurements of normal standing of dynamic balance on GOOD BALANCE system, respectively. For each case, the experimental data were obtained in 2 items: mean X speed, mean Y speed. The results of this study were as follow: There were statistically significant differences of all items between the before and the after exercise. The above results revealed that sling using exercise was effective for improving the dynamic balance ability.

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Effects of Sling Bridge Exercise with Rhythmic Stabilization Technique on Trunk Muscle Endurance and Flexibility in Adolescents with Low Back Pain

  • Kim, Kyung-Yoon;Sim, Ki-Chol;Kim, Tae-Gon;Bae, Sea-Hyun;Lee, Jun-Cheol;Kim, Gi-Do
    • International Journal of Contents
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    • v.9 no.4
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    • pp.72-77
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    • 2013
  • The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of general sling-bridge exercise (GSE) and sling-bridge exercise with rhythmic stabilization technique (SER) on trunk muscle endurance and flexibility in adolescents with low back pain (LBP). 30 adolescents who had complaints of LBP were randomly assigned to one of the two groups: the GSE group (n=15) and SER group (n=15). Subjects performed each exercise programs for 4 weeks with the aim of improving trunk muscle stability; GSE group trained general bridge exercise with sling, SER group trained rhythmic stabilization bridge exercise with sling. The static and dynamic trunk muscle endurance and flexibility were measured before and at the end of the exercise program. The static and dynamic trunk muscle endurance were significantly improved in both groups (p<.05) and the SER group showed significant difference from the GSE group after the exercise (p<.05). The trunk muscle flexibility was significantly improved in both groups (p<.05) and the SER group were significantly different from GSE group post-exercise (p<.05). The results of this study showed that sling bridge exercise with rhythmic stabilization technique may be appropriate for improving trunk muscle stability in adolescents with LBP.

The Effects of Medx Exercise and Sling Exercise Program on the Lumbar Trunk Muscle Strength of Patients with Lumbar Disc Hernia Operation (8주간의 Medx운동과 Sling운동이 요추 추간판 수술환자의 체간근육의 근력에 미치는 영향)

  • Lee, Dong-Kyu;Lee, Sang-Yong
    • The Journal of Korean Academy of Orthopedic Manual Physical Therapy
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    • v.12 no.2
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    • pp.33-41
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    • 2006
  • This study planed to analyze durability of effect and result that the Medx and Sling exercise gets to the strength of lumbar extensors. 15 patients who had enforce the minimal invasive lumbar surgery were executed 3 times per week for 8 weeks. The purpose of this study was to identify the influence of the mixed exercises of the Medx and Sling program on lumbar trunk muscles and to present basic data for the proper exercise prescription for lumbar patients. The results were as follows: 1) Left: Patients by lumbar hernia operation of trunk muscle strength by Sling-exercise: 0, 45, 90, 135, 180 (degree) treatment periods (P<0.05). 2) Right: Patients by lumbar hernia operation of trunk muscle strength by Sling-Exercise: 0, 45, 90, 135, 180 (degree) treatment periods (P<0.05). Medx treatment, a muscle strengthening lumbar extension exercise program, was now being used at local hospitals. In addition, Sling exercise, which is designed to develop lumbar muscle by way of reducing gravity in a new way so that it can accelerate the growth of muscles and ligaments in-depth in the patients, also has begun to be introduced gradually. In this study, therefore, the new mixed program (Sling and Medx training)can used as an exercise program that can reduce pain and increase lumbar muscles, not only for disk disease patients but also for all those who have undergone surgery or who haven't undergone surgery, who have chronic pain, and it also can be utilized as basic data for the new method of exercise.

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