Harmonic Preference of Primary and Secondary School Students Depending on Age and Musical Training

연령과 음악적 배경에 따른 아동 및 청소년의 화음 선호도

  • Received : 2015.04.13
  • Accepted : 2015.05.26
  • Published : 2015.05.30


This study investigated the harmonic preference of children and adolescents depending on age and musical training. A total of 684 primary and secondary school students participated in this study. For this study, a four-measure melody was composed and constructed in four levels of harmonic complexity, determined by the rate of nonharmonic notes used and immediacy of harmonic resolution. Participants rated the degree of their perceived complexity and their preferences after listening to each musical stimulus. Ratings from the participants were analyzed in terms of the effect of age and the length of musical training. The results showed that younger students demonstrated little to no change in their preference regardless of the complexity level. Middle and high school students showed significantly decreased preference with increased harmonic complexity. High school students with more musical instrument training perceived changes in harmonic complexity more sensitively and showd higher level of optimal complexity. Younger students was affected by musical training relatively less than older students. This study presents the baseline data to be considered when determining the appropriate level of harmonic complexity for music appreciation of young population.

본 연구는 아동 및 청소년을 대상으로 연령과 음악 경험에 따라 화음 전개 복잡성에 대한 선호도가 어떻게 달라지는지 그 특성을 알아보고자 하였다. 이를 위해 초, 중, 고등학교에 재학 중인 총 684명의 아동 및 청소년을 대상으로 실험이 실시되었다. 본 연구를 위해 4마디의 멜로디가 연구자에 의해 작곡되었고, 협화적 화음과 비화성음의 비중, 화음 해결의 즉각성 등을 바탕으로 화음 전개의 난이도가 4단계로 구성되었다. 대상자들은 4개의 음악 자극을 듣고 지각되는 복잡성과 화음 선호도의 정도를 표시하였다. 대상자들의 평가를 분석한 결과, 청소년의 연령에 따른 단계별 화음 선호도에 유의한 차이가 있었다. 선호 점수에 있어서 초등학생은 모든 단계의 화음에 높은 선호를 보인 반면, 중, 고등학생은 화음 복잡성이 증가할수록 유의하게 낮은 선호도를 보였다. 연령 외에도 악기 연주 훈련 기간 역시 화음 선호도에 유의한 영향을 미치는 것으로 나타났다. 악기 연주 훈련을 보다 오래 받은 그룹이 짧게 받은 그룹보다 화음 복잡성 변화를 보다 민감하게 지각하여 개인이 수용할 수 있는 복잡성 수준이 보다 높은 것으로 나타났으며, 이는 연령이 많을 수록 더욱 분명하게 나타나는 경향이 있었다. 이러한 연구 결과는 아동 및 청소년을 위한 감상음악 선곡 시 적절한 난이도의 화음을 선택할 수 있는 기초자료로써 의의를 갖는다.



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