A Comparative Analysis of Body Composition, Physical Fitness, and Physical Self-Concept between Gifted Students in Math and Science and Non-Gifted Students

과학영재 학생들과 일반학생들의 신체조성, 체력 및 신체적 자아개념 비교 분석

  • Received : 2014.07.10
  • Accepted : 2014.08.11
  • Published : 2014.11.28


This study compared and analyzed body composition, physical fitness, and physical self-concept between gifted students in mathematics and science attending Korea Science Academy (KSA) and non-gifted students attending traditional high schools. The KSA students were 117 males who entered the school in 2009. As a control group, a total of 117 non-gifted students were randomly selected from 5 cities. The results of covariate analysis taken 2 year interval, pretest (2009) and posttest (2010), indicated that gifted students were significantly taller (p<.05) than non-gifted students, and were lower in BMI (p<.05) and PBF (p<.001). There was no significant difference in physical fitness between gifted and non-gifted students. But non-gifted students have a significantly higher self-concept in physical appearance (p<.05) and physical strength (p<.05). The internal/external frame of reference model and the Big Fish Little Pond Effect (BFLPE) theory were supported. Especially, gifted students were significantly higher (p<.01) in endurance self-concept than non-gifted students. We have discussion this result as the future research subject whether it come from the characteristics of the gifted's tenacity at high level tasks.

본 연구는 수학 과학 영재학생들로 구성된 Korea Science Academy 학생들의 신체 조성과 체력 및 신체적 자아개념 형성을 일반계 고등학교 학생들과 비교 분석하였다. KSA학생들은 3단계로 진행되는 창의적 문제해결력과 영재성판별 과정 및 과학캠프를 통과하여 2009학년도에 입학한 117명의 남학생들로 구성되었다. 비교그룹으로 참여한 일반 학생들은 서울, 경기를 포함한 전국 5개시도 지역에서 무선 추출 되었다. 2년간 사전 사후 측정 방식에 의한 공변량분석 결과 신장(p<.05)은 영재학생들이 일반학생들에 비해 유의하게 큰 반면, BMI(p<.05)와 PBF(p<.001)에서는 유의하게 낮았다. 신체적 자아개념 하위영역 중 외모(p<.05)와 근력(p<.05)자아개념은 영재학생들이 일반학생들에 비해 유의하게 낮았으며, 이러한 결과는 내적참조준거 모델과 Big fish Litter Fond Effect(BFLFE) 이론을 지지하는 것이다. 지구력 자아개념 요인에서는 영재학생들이 일반학생들보다 높았는데(p<.01), 이것이 높은 과제 집착력을 나타내는 영재들의 특성에기인한 것인지에 대해서는 미래 연구과제로 남아있다.



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