Problem-solving ability of dental hygiene students in accordance by meta-cognition level

치위생과 학생의 메타인지수준과 문제해결능력

  • Jun, Soo Kyung (Department of Biomaterial Science, College of Dentistry, Dankook University) ;
  • Lee, Seong-Sook (Department of Dental Hygiene, Yeoju Institute of Technology) ;
  • Kim, Dong Ae (Department of Dental Hygiene, Yeoju Institute of Technology)
  • Received : 2014.07.28
  • Accepted : 2014.10.08
  • Published : 2014.10.30


Objectives : The purpose of this study was to examine classifying the level and accuracy of the meta-cognitive level of students and dental hygiene, and to understand the impact on the process of problem solving and accordingly, it is intended to provide a basis for learning strategies. Methods : A self-reported questionnaire was filled out by 328 dental hygiene students in 3 colleges in Gyeonggi-do and Chungnam. Data were analyzed by the frequency analysis, one-way ANOVA, Scheffe's post-hoc test, Pearson's correlation coefficient using SPSS 12.0. Results : Meta-cognitive level of the subject was on average 4.43 points and problem solving level was lower at 2.82 points. Showed a significant difference in satisfaction with the major motives meta-cognitive level in accordance with the general characteristics of the subjects(p<0.05). Results of this study showed that no statistically significant differences in both the sub-areas of the level of problem solving according to the general characteristics of the subject(p>0.05). There was no correlation between the ability to solve problems and meta-cognitive level of the subjects(p>0.05). Conclusions : The finding of the study showed that meta-perception of dental hygiene students are lower the level of problem-solving that is compared to meta-cognition. It is suggested that development of a variety of learning methods for improving meta-cognitive thinking and problem-solving skills required in dental hygiene school curriculum.


  1. Yu JS, Hwang SH, Choi YJ. Factors influencing problem solving ability among dental hygiene students. J Dent Hyg Sci 2013; 13(4): 510-17.
  2. Kang BW, Kang JK, Kang HK, Gu IY, Kwan HS, Kim JY et al. Introduction to dental hygienics. Seoul: Jeeseung; 2013; 107-32.
  3. Hwang MY, Lee CS. A study on approach toward integrative dental-hygienist curriculum model. J Korean Acad Dent Hyg Educ 2007; 7: 595-609.
  4. Choi EY, Kim JY. The relationship of core competencies(problem solving ability, communication ability, self-directed learning ability) to critical thinking. J Korean Acad Fundam Nurs 2007; 14(4): 412-19.
  5. Han KJ, Lee YK. Metacognitive thinking impact on problem solving skills in the learning of minority. J Korea Soc Math Ed Ser E 2005; 19(1): 271-90.
  6. Baker L, Brown AI. Metacognitive skills of reading. New York: Longman; 1984: 1-188.
  7. Kang MH, Song YH, Park SH. Relationships among metacognition, flow, interactions and problem solving ability in web-based problem based learning. J Res Curriculum Instruction 2008; 12(2): 293-315.
  8. Silfe BD, Weiss J, Bell T. Separability of metacognition and cognition: problem solving in learning disabled and regular students. J. Educational Psychology 1985; 77(4): 437-45.
  9. Kim DH. Metacognition and problem solving ability among nursing students in korea. Globel Health Nurs 2014; 4(1): 11-7.
  10. Jang KS, Kim NY, Ryu SA, Kim YM, Chung KH. Effects of collaborative learning on problem-solving processes according to the level of metacognition in clinical practice of nursing management. J Korean Acad Nurs Admin 2007; 13(2): 191-98.
  11. Jung YR, Hwang YS. Development of PBL package focusing on the roles of dental hygienists. J Korea Soc Dent Hyg 2004; 4: 119-32.
  12. Kim SH. A study of problem based Learning(PBL) experience in dental hygiene education learning attitude, student assessment. J Korean Soc Dent Hyg 2010; 10(5): 797-805.
  13. Printrich PR, Degroot E. Motivational and self-regulated learning components of cognitive processing during instruction. J Edu Psy 1990; 82: 33-40.
  14. Woo OK. The effect of a PBL(problem based Learning) on the problem solving process of students by their meta-cognitive levels[Master's thesis]. Cheongju: Univ. of Chungbuk, 2000.
  15. Lee JS. The effects of process behaviors on problem solving performance of various tests[Doctoral dissertation], Chicago: Univ. of Chicago, 1978.
  16. Park JW, Woo OH. The Effects of PBL(Problem-Based Learning) on Problem Soving Process by Learner's Metacognitive Level. Korea Soc Edu Tech 1999; 15(3): 55-81.
  17. Chang KW. Effects of full problem based learning of dental education in terms of problem solving process, meta-cognition, and intrinsic motivation. J Korean Acad Dent Health. 2009; 33(1): 90-102.
  18. Steven R, Yussen. The growth of reflection in children. Orlando: Academic Press; 1985: 207-41.
  19. Chae SJ. Problem-based learning and evaluating. Seoul: KSI; 2005: 122-35.
  20. Oh SR. A study on the effectiveness of cognitive behavioral group program in strengthening problem-solving ability of mothers of develop mentally disabled children [Doctoral dissertation. Seoul: Univ. of Seoul, 1997.
  21. Hsu LL, Hsieh SI. Factors affecting metacognition of undergraduate nursing students in a blended learning. International Journal of Nursing Practice 2014; 20(3): 233-41.
  22. Stewart PW, Cooper SS, Moulding LR. Metacognitive development in professional educators. The Researcher 2007; 21(1): 32-40.
  23. Hwang YY, Park CS, Chu MS. Correlations among meta cognition, critical thinking and self-efficacy of nursing students studying through problem based learning(PBL). J Korean Acad Community Health Nurs 2007; 18(1): 146-55.

Cited by

  1. Priority analysis of NCS based vocational core competency of dental hygienists in Gwangju vol.16, pp.3, 2016,