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Problem-solving ability of dental hygiene students in accordance by meta-cognition level

치위생과 학생의 메타인지수준과 문제해결능력

  • Jun, Soo Kyung (Department of Biomaterial Science, College of Dentistry, Dankook University) ;
  • Lee, Seong-Sook (Department of Dental Hygiene, Yeoju Institute of Technology) ;
  • Kim, Dong Ae (Department of Dental Hygiene, Yeoju Institute of Technology)
  • Received : 2014.07.28
  • Accepted : 2014.10.08
  • Published : 2014.10.30

Abstract

Objectives : The purpose of this study was to examine classifying the level and accuracy of the meta-cognitive level of students and dental hygiene, and to understand the impact on the process of problem solving and accordingly, it is intended to provide a basis for learning strategies. Methods : A self-reported questionnaire was filled out by 328 dental hygiene students in 3 colleges in Gyeonggi-do and Chungnam. Data were analyzed by the frequency analysis, one-way ANOVA, Scheffe's post-hoc test, Pearson's correlation coefficient using SPSS 12.0. Results : Meta-cognitive level of the subject was on average 4.43 points and problem solving level was lower at 2.82 points. Showed a significant difference in satisfaction with the major motives meta-cognitive level in accordance with the general characteristics of the subjects(p<0.05). Results of this study showed that no statistically significant differences in both the sub-areas of the level of problem solving according to the general characteristics of the subject(p>0.05). There was no correlation between the ability to solve problems and meta-cognitive level of the subjects(p>0.05). Conclusions : The finding of the study showed that meta-perception of dental hygiene students are lower the level of problem-solving that is compared to meta-cognition. It is suggested that development of a variety of learning methods for improving meta-cognitive thinking and problem-solving skills required in dental hygiene school curriculum.

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