Analysis on Type of Questions in Elementary Science Textbooks and Elementary School Students' Preference Types of Questions

초등 과학교과서 지문의 발문 유형 분석 및 학생들의 선호 발문 유형

  • Received : 2014.04.01
  • Accepted : 2014.04.23
  • Published : 2014.04.30


The purpose of this study was to analyze the types of questions of energy field in the elementary science textbooks and to know the preference types of questions of students by grade. To accomplish this study, the analyzing framework on the types of questions was made and ensured the validity. To know students' preference types of questions, a questionnaire was made and the survey was conducted to the students of D elementary school in B city. The results can be summarized as follows: First, of the questions in the elementary science textbooks, the types of limited question were the most frequent(56%) and the next was the type of relevant question(41.82%). In the type of limited question, the element of propositional type was the most frequent and in the type of relevant question, the element of applicable type was the most frequent. Second, from the result of analyzing students' preference types of questions by grade using questionnaire, we could find as follows. Most of the graders chose retrospective type of question as the easy types of questions. And 3, 4, 6th graders chose justificative type and 5th graders chose applicable type as the difficult ones. Third, as interesting type and want-to-select type, 3th graders students chose propositional type and 4, 5th graders chose retrospective type and 6th graders chose inferring type.



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