The Effects of Oriental Herbal Tea on the Physiological Function and Behavioral Change of Elders at Geriatric Facility

한방차가 시설노인의 생리적 기능과 행동변화에 미치는 영향

  • 김수경 (수원여자대학교 미용예술과) ;
  • 이정은 (필 대체의학 연구소) ;
  • 윤미경 (성결대학교 생태공동체연구소) ;
  • 고희정 (원광대학교 뷰티디자인학과)
  • Received : 2013.11.25
  • Accepted : 2014.03.06
  • Published : 2014.03.31


Geriatric illness is increasing with aged population ratio due to a prolonged average life span. Research studies with therapeutic approach using oriental herbs have been attempted, but the very few studies of oriental herbal tea as a healthy drink have done as a health care. This study was performed to identify the effects of oriental herbal tea on the physiological function and behavioral change of elders at geriatric facility. A quasi-experimental design using a nonequivalent control group, pre-post test was used. Total 38 of elderly population (20 of experimental group and 18 of control group) was recruited. 100mL of a type of oriental herbal tea developed for this study was given to each subject 3 times a day for 30 days (from May to June 2013). The health scan analyzer and questionnaire for behavioral change were used to measure dependent variables. The data was analyzed by SPSS/WIN 18.0. After drinking the oriental herbal tea, more significant improvement on blood circulation (t=-4.466, p<.001), liver function (t=-2.855, p=.007), brain function (t=-2.545, p=.015), bone density (t=-6.125, p<.001), blood sugar (t=-4.180, p=<.001) and emotional factor (t=2.389, p=.023) as the sub-variable of behavioral change were found in the experimental group than control group. This study shows that oriental herbal tea can be effective on the physiological function and emotional relief of the elders. Therefore the tea can be utilized as an effective intervention for the health of elders in geriatric facility.

평균수명이 연장되면서 노인인구비율 증가와 함께 각종 노인성 질환이 증가하고 있다. 노인성 질환을 대상으로 한약재를 이용한 치료적 접근위주의 연구는 시도되고 있으나, 건강관리 차원에서 예방적 접근방법으로 한방건강 음료로서의 한방차에 대한 연구는 미미한 실정이다. 본 연구는 노인요양시설을 이용하는 노인을 대상으로 한방차의 섭취가 생리적 기능과 행동변화에 미치는 효과를 확인하기 위한 비동등성 대조군 전후 설계의 유사 실험연구이다. 대상자는 실험군 20명, 대조군 18명으로 총 38명이었다. 2013년 5월부터 6월까지 1회 100ml씩, 일 3회, 30일간 본 연구에서 개발한 한방차를 적용하였고, 양자분석기로 생리적 기능을, 구조화된 설문지로 행동변화를 측정하였다. 수집된 자료는 SPSS/WIN 18.0 프로그램을 이용하여 분석하였다. 분석 결과 실험군에서 생리적 기능 중 혈류순환(t=-4.466, p<.001), 간기능(t=-2.855, p=.007), 뇌기능(t=-2.545, p=.015), 골밀도(t=-6.125, p<.001), 혈당(t=-4.180, p=<.001)과 행동변화의 하위지수인 정서적 요인(t=2.389, p=.023)에서 유의한 변화가 나타났다. 따라서 노인의 생리적 기능 향상과 정서적 안정에 긍정적인 효과가 나타난 한방차의 음용은 노인요양시설에서 노인 건강을 위한 효과적인 중재 방법으로 활용될 수 있다고 사료된다.



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