Dental Treatment of an AIDS Patient with Cerebral Infarction History and Hepatitis Type B Under General Anesthesia

뇌경색 및 B형 간염을 동반한 후천성 면역 결핍증 환자의 전신 마취 하 치과치료

  • Ji, Sang-Eun (Department of Pediatric Dentistry, School of Dentistry, Dankook University) ;
  • Kim, Jong-Soo (Department of Pediatric Dentistry, School of Dentistry, Dankook University) ;
  • Kim, Chul-Hwan (Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, School of Dentistry, Dankook University) ;
  • Kim, Seung-Oh (Department of Anesthesiology, School of Dentistry, Dankook University)
  • 지상은 (단국대학교 치과대학 부속 치과병원 소아치과) ;
  • 김종수 (단국대학교 치과대학 부속 치과병원 소아치과) ;
  • 김철환 (단국대학교 치과대학 부속 구강악안면외과) ;
  • 김승오 (단국대학교 치과대학 부속 치과마취과)
  • Received : 2014.11.27
  • Accepted : 2014.12.31
  • Published : 2014.12.31


Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome is the state which develops after complications with the infection from HIV. Irrespective of their state, all HIV infections have infectivity. According to a 2013 U.N. AIDS global report, the number of reported newly infected with HIV is constantly falling, while that of Korea has been increasing over recent years and it surpassed 10,000 in 2013. This phenomenon might be attributed to the unusualness of the blood test for early detection of HIV infection. From this fact, we can assume that we have strong possibilities for encounters with infections in the office. But many misconceptions about the disease makes patients try to hide their medical history, which can lead to a nationwide spread of the infection without proper management. Even though it may be difficult to take care of HIV patients in smaller dental offices, large scale hospitals have the means to arrange protocols to treat them. We present a case about dental treatment of a patient with AIDS that has a history of cerebral infarction and hepatitis type B under general anesthesia. The purpose of this case report was to discuss the special considerations of dental care for patients with HIV.



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