Effects of Aroma Inhalation Method on Subjective Quality of Sleep, State Anxiety, and Depression in Mothers Following Cesarean Section Delivery

향기흡입법이 제왕절개술 산모의 주관적 수면의 질, 상태불안 및 우울에 미치는 효과

  • Lee, Sun-Ok (Department of Nursing, Silla University) ;
  • Hwang, Jin-Hee (Department of Nursing, Gyoungnam Provincial Geochang College)
  • 이선옥 (신라대학교 간호학과) ;
  • 황진희 (경남도립거창대학 간호과)
  • Received : 2010.09.01
  • Accepted : 2010.10.31
  • Published : 2011.02.28


Purpose: The purpose of this study was to test the effects of aroma inhalation on subjective quality of sleep, state anxiety, and depression of mothers who underwent a Cesarean section delivery. Methods: This study was designed as a nonequivalent control group quasi-experimental study based upon data acquired through a pre-post test. The experimental group (n=33) was given general obstetric nursing care plus dry inhalation method using lavender essential oil, in which each mother put one drop on a tissue and breathe near it for 5 minutes before going to bed. Then they put 1~2 drops on their pillow for 6 nights. The control group (n=34) was only given general obstetric nursing care. Data were collected using a questionnaire for measures of subjective quality of sleep, state anxiety, and depression by self-report. ${\chi}^2$-test, Fisher's exact test, t-test, and ANCOVA with SPSS/Win12.0 were used to analyze the data. Results: There were significant differences in subjective quality of sleep (p<.001), state anxiety (p=.049) and depression (p=.029). Conclusion: The results suggest that aroma inhalation method can be an effective nursing intervention to improve quality of sleep and decrease anxiety and depression in postpartum mothers suffering from stress related to a Cesarean section delivery.



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